JOHN GRIFFIN GRIFFIN, baron Howard of Walden and baron Braybrooke of Braybrooke; knight of the bath, lord lieutenant and custos rotulorum of the county of Essex, a general of his majesty's forces, colonel of the fourth regiment of dragoons, and recorder of the borough of Walden in the county of Essex.
This nobleman was born -- ----- ----, and assumed the surname of Griffin in right of his mother in the year 1749. He was elected to seven parliaments for the borough of Andover in the county of Southampton. He embraced the profession of the army, and was elected knight companion of the most honourable order of the bath in the year 1761. He was constituted 21 March 1766 captain and colonel of the first troop of horse grenadier guards, and promoted 2 April 1778 to the rank of general of his majesty's forces. He was admitted to the dignity of the peerage 3 August 1784, and in the same year constituted lord lieutenant and custos rotulorum of the county of Essex Upon the reduction of the grenadier guards, he was farther constituted 1788 colonel of the fourth regiment of dragoons, and was created in the same year baron Braybrooke of Braybrooke, with remainder to Richard Aldworth Nevil of Billingbeare in the county of Berks esquire.
Lord Howard married -- ----- 1749 Anne Mary, daughter of John baron Schutz; which lady dying 18 August 1764, he married secondly 11 June 1764 Catherine, daughter of William Clayton of Harleyford in the county of Buckingham esquire.
The family of Griffin has been traced back to the reign of king Henry the second. Sir Thomas Griffin, in the reign of king Edward the third, married Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of Warren Latimer lord Latimer of Braybrooke. Edward, sixth in descent from sir Thomas, was constituted by king Henry the eighth 8 June 1545 solicitor general; which office he exchanged 21 May 1552 for that of attorney general, and was continued in that employment by queen Mary and queen Elizabeth. He died in the year 1569.
Edward, fourth in descent from Edward, was created by king James the second 3 December 1688 baron Griffin of Braybrooke in the county of Northampton; and, retiring into France upon the abdication of that monarch, received sentence of outlawry. He engaged in the intended invasion of king James in the year 1708; and, being taken prisoner, was ordered for execution; but continued in confinement by several reprieves till his death 10 November 1710. Lord Griffin married Essex, daughter and heiress of James third earl of Suffolk. Elizabeth, second daughter and coheiress, married sir Thomas Felton of Playford in the county of Suffolk baronet; by whom she had issue
James, second lord Griffin, son of Edward and Essex, was father of,
ROBERT EDWARD PETRE, baron Petre of Writtle.
This nobleman was born -- ----- 1733, and succeeded to the title upon the death of his father 11 July 1742. He professes the Roman Catholic religion.
Lord Petre married first 19 April 1762 Anne, daughter and heiress of Philip, grandson of Henry sixth duke of Norfolk; by which lady, who died 16 January 1787, he has issue,
The family of Petre has been traced back to the reign of king Henry the sixth. William Petre, in the reign of king Henry the eighth, was constituted by that monarch one of the commissioners to visit and inquire into the state of all the monasteries throughout England, and farther promoted in the year 1543 to be one of the principal secretaries of state, in which office he was continued by king Edward the sixth and queen Mary, and for a short time by queen Elizabeth. By the will of king Henry the eighth he was declared one of the twelve counsellors who were appointed to assist the sixteen executors of his will, to whom he intrusted the government during the minority of his son. He died 13 January 1572.
John, his son, was by king James the first created baron Petre of Writtle. William, fourth lord Petre, his great grandson, was committed to the Tower in the year 1678, and impeached of high treason upon the deposition of that infamous impostor Titus Oates. He died in confinement 5 January 1683.
Robert James, eighth lord Petre, grandson of Thomas sixth lord Petre, brother of William fourth lord Petre, married Anne, daughter of James Ratcliffe earl of Derwentwater; by which lady, who died 31 March 1760, he had issue,
HENRY ARUNDEL, baron Arundel of Wardour; count of the Holy Roman Empire.
This nobleman was born 31 May 1740, and succeeded to the title upon the death of his father 12 September 1756. He professes the Roman Catholic religion.
Lord Arundel married 31 May 1762 Mary, daughter of Benedict Conquest of Irnham in the county of Lincoln esquire; by which lady he has issue,
The family of Arundel has been traced back to the reign of king William the conqueror. Sir John Arundel, in the reign of king Richard the second, was constituted by that monarch earl marshal of England. John, his son, had issue,
John, grandson of John grandson of sir John Arundel, was one of those valiant commanders who distinguished themselves in the wars of king Henry the sixth for the crown of France. Thomas, fifth in descent from this distinguished leader, married Margaret, granddaughter of Thomas second duke of Norfolk, and sister of Catherine fifth consort to king Henry the eighth. He was beheaded 26 February 1552 upon a charge of conspiring with Edward first duke of Somerset the murder of John Dudley duke of Northumberland.
Thomas, his grandson, distinguished himself in the wars of Rodolph the second, emperor of Germany, against the Turks; and in consideration of his valour, and his taking their standard with his own hand, he was created 14 December 1595 count of the Holy Roman Empire. By king James the first he was advanced to the dignity of a baron by the title of lord Arundel of Wardour, and died 7 November 1639.
Thomas, second lord Arundel, his son, distinguished himself on the party of Charles the first in the civil wars. His consort defended the Castle of Wardour against the parliamentary forces for several days; and they being driven off by the return of lord Arundel, he caused the castle to be blown up. He was killed in the battle of Lansdown 5 July 1643.
Henry, third lord Arundel, his son, was committed to the Tower in the year 1678, and impeached of high treason upon the deposition of Titus Oates. He was admitted to bail in the year 1683, and was constituted by king James the second 11 March 1686 lord keeper of the privy seal. He died 28 December 1694.
Thomas, fourth lord Arundel, his son, had issue,
Henry, seventh lord Arundel, married Mary, daughter of Richard Arundel Bealing of Lanherne in the county of Cornwal; by which lady, who died 21 February 1769, he had issue
JOHN BLIGH, earl of Darnley, viscount Darnley of Athboy, and baron Clifton of Rathmore of the kingdom of Ireland; baron Clifton of Leighton Bromswold of the kingdom of Great Britain; hereditary high steward of Gravesend and Milton in the county of Kent.
This nobleman succeeded to the title upon the death of his father 31 July 1781.
The family of Bligh is descended from sir Gervase Clifton, who by king James the first was created baron Clifton of Leighton Bromswold. He was committed to the Tower upon account of certain scandalous words respecting a suit that had been decreed against him by lord chancellor Bacon, and put an end to his existence in the year 1618.
Catherine, baroness Clifton, his daughter, married Esme Stuart, baron Darnley, Torbolton, Methuen and Aubigne, earl of Lenox and duke of Lenox of the kingdom of Scotland, who was descended from a younger branch of the family of Henry lord Darnley, consort to queen Mary and titular king of Scotland. The duke of Lenox was created by king James the first in the year 1619 earl of March in the county of York, and constituted in the year 1624 heritable lord great chamberlain of the kingdom of Scotland. He died in the year 1625, having issue, by Catherine his consort,
James, duke of Lenox, was constituted by king Charles the first in the year 1626 heritable lord high admiral of the kingdom of Scotland, and created in the year 1641 duke of Richmond in the county of York, with remainder to his brothers. He was farther declared in the year 1644 lord steward of the houshold to king Charles the first, and died 30 March 1655, having issue
Bernard, second son of Esme duke of Lenox, distinguished himself on the party of king Charles the first in the civil wars, particularly at the battles of Newberry and Naseby. In consideration of his services he was created by that monarch in the year 1644 baron Stuart of Newberry in the county of Berks, and earl of Litchfield in the county of Stafford, with remainder to George his brother. He was killed in an engagement at Rowton Heath 26 September 1745.
George, younger son of Esme duke of Lenox, was killed in an engagement at Kineton, fighting on the party of king Charles the first. He had issue,
Theodosia, the issue of this marriage, married John Bligh, whose grand-father went over to Ireland during the protectorate of Oliver Cromwel, as an agent to the adventurers for the forfeited estates. In consequence of this marriage he was created by king George the first 14 September 1721 baron Clifton of Rathmore in the county of Meath, 7 March 1723 viscount Darnley of Athboy in that county, and 29 June 1725 earl of Darnley of the kingdom of Ireland. He had issue, by Theodosia, his consort,
John, third earl of Darnley, married -- September 1766 Mary, daughter and heiress of John Stoyte of the county of Westmeath in the kingdom of Ireland esquire; by which lady he had issue,
CHARLES DORMER, lord Dormer of Wenge, and a baronet.
This nobleman was born -- ----- 1722, and succeeded to the title upon the death of his father. He professes the Roman Catholic religion.
Lord Dormer married 9 August 1749 Mary, daughter of George fourteenth earl of Shrewsbury; by which lady, who died 15 May 1753, he had issue
The family of Dormer has been traced back to the reign of king Henry the sixth. Geoffrey Dormer, in the reign of king Henry the eighth, had issue,
Robert, third in descent from William, was created a baronet by king James the first 10 June 1615, and immediately after baron Dormer of Wenge. He had issue,
Robert, second lord Dormer, was created by king Charles the first in the year 1628 viscount Ascot in the county of Hertford and earl of Carnarvon. He embraced the party of that monarch in the civil wars, and was a nobleman of great honour and integrity. He was killed at the battle of Newberry 20 September 1643. Upon the death of Charles second earl of Carnarvon, his son, 2.9 November 1709, the titles of viscount Ascot and earl of Carnarvon became extinct.
Charles, fifth lord Dormer, died 2 July 1728, having issue,
John, seventh lord Dormer, married Mary, daughter of sir Cecil Bishop of Parham in the county of Sussex baronet; by which lady, who died 2 November 1739, he had issue,
HENRY ROPER, baron Teynham of Teynham.
This nobleman was born 3 March 1764, and succeeded to the title upon the death of his father 10 December 1786.
The family of Roper has been traced back to the reign of king Henry the second; and their name, which was originally Musard, has been variously written, de Rubra Spatha, Rouspee, Rospere, Ropere and Rooper. John Roper, in the reign of king Henry the eighth, was attorney general to that monarch, and died 7 April 1524, having issue,
Henry, eighth lord Teynham, fifth in descent from John first lord Teynham, conformed to the established religion soon after the accession of king George the first. By his first wife he had issue,
Henry, tenth lord Teynham, married first Catherine, daughter of Edmund Powel of Sandford in the county of Oxford esquire; by which lady, who died 26 August 1765, he had issue,
Henry, eleventh lord Teynham, married Elizabeth, daughter of ----- Webber esquire, and relict of John Mills of Woodford Bridge in the county of Essex esquire; by which lady he had issue,
WILLIAM BYRON, lord Byron of Rochdale.
This nobleman was born 5 November 1722, and succeeded to the title upon the death of his father 8 August 1736. He embraced the profession of the navy, and was constituted 5 December 1763 master of his majesty's stag hounds, which office he resigned in the year 1765. Having unfortunately killed in a rencontre William Chaworth esquire, he was tried by the house of peers, and acquitted 16 April in that year.
Lord Byron married 28 March 1747 Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of Charles Shaw of Besthorpe in the county of Norfolk esquire; by which lady, who died 5 April 1788, he has issue,
William, the father, died 22 June 1776.
The family of Byron had large possessions in England in the reign of William the conqueror. Sir John Byron fought in the army of king Henry the seventh at the battle of Bosworth 22 August 1485.
Sir John Byron, third in descent from Nicholas, brother of sir John, had issue,
William, fourth lord Byron, grandson of Richard second lord Byron, married Frances, daughter of William Berkeley lord Berkeley of Stratton; by which lady, who married secondly -- August 1740 sir Thomas Hay of Alderstone in the county of Lothian baronet, she had issue,
Admiral Byron died -- April 1786.
WILLIAM CRAVEN, baron Craven of Hampsted Marshal; lord lieutenant and custos rotulorum of the county of Berks, and colonel of the militia of that county, high steward of the borough of Newberry in the county of Berks, and doctor of laws.
This nobleman was born 22 September 1737, and succeeded to the title upon the death of his uncle 18 March 1769. He was constituted -- March 1786 lord lieutenant and custos rotulorum of the county of Berks.
Lord Craven married 10 May 1767 Elizabeth, daughter of Augustus fourth earl of Berkeley; by which lady he has issue,
The family of Craven is descended from John Craven of Appletreewick in the county of York in the reign of king Henry the eighth. He had issue,
William, son of sir William, was created by king Charles the first 12 March 1627 baron Craven of Hampsted Marshal, and by king Charles the second 16 March 1664 viscount Craven of Uffington in the county of Berks, and earl Craven of Craven in the county of York. He afterwards obtained a limitation of the barony to William, Thomas and Anthony, grandsons of Henry son of John, his paternal ancestor. Lord Craven distinguished himself in the wars of Germany, and suffered for his loyalty under the sequestrations of the parliamentary party. Upon his death 9 April 1697, the titles of viscount Craven and earl Craven became extinct, and the barony descended to William, grandson of Thomas grandson of Henry.
William, father of William second lord Craven, had issue, beside that nobleman, John, whose sons were,
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