JOHN CAMPBEL, duke of Argyle, marquis of Argyle, Kintyre and Lorn, earl of Argyle, Campbel and Cowal, viscount Lochow and Glenilla, baron of Inverary, Mull, Morven and Tyrie of the kingdom of Scotland; baron Sundridge of Coombank of the kingdom of Great Britain; heritable master of his majesty's houshold for the kingdom of Scotland, heritable keeper of Dunstaffnage and Carrick in that kingdom, having the rank of general of his majesty's forces, and colonel of the third regiment of foot guards.
This nobleman was born -- ---- 1722, and created by king George the third baron Sundridge of Coombank. He succeeded to the Scottish honours upon the death of his father 9 November 1770.
The duke of Argyle married 3 March 1759 Elizabeth, baroness Hamilton ; by which lady he has issue,
The family of Campbel is said to have been descended from Diarmed O'Dwbin, lord of Lochow, who lived in the reign of king Fergus the second. Paul O'Dwbin was lord treasurer of Scotland ; and Gillespie, his son in law, changed his surname of O'Dwbin to Campbel in the reign of king Malcolm Canmore. Sir Colin More, sixth in descent from Gillespie, adhered to the party of Robert Bruce in his contest for the crown of Scotland, and was killed in a conflict with Argadius, lord of Lorn, which occasioned a perpetual feud between their families. He had issue,
Sir Neil signalised himself in the party of king Robert Bruce, and married Mary, sister of that monarch ; by which lady he had issue,
Duncan, fourth in descent from Colin, exerted himself in the business of ransoming king James the first, who was at that time detained prisoner in England, and was created by king James the second in the year 1445 baron Campbel. He married Margaret, daughter of Robert duke of Albany, son of king Robert the second; by which lady he had issue,
Colin, second lord Campbel, was created by king James the second in the year 1457 earl of the county of Argyle, and constituted in the year 1464 master of the houshold to king James the third. He was farther promoted in the year 1464 to be lord high chancellor of the kingdom of Scotland; and married Isabel, daughter of John Stuart lord Lorn; in right of which marriage he assumed the title of Lorn. He died in the year 1493.
Archibald, second earl of Argyle, the issue of marriage, was constituted by king James the fourth in the year 1495 lord chamberlain of the houshold and 1498 master of the houshold. He had a considerable command at the battle of Flodden Field, where he was killed 9 September 1513. Colin, third earl of Argyle, his son, was constituted by king James the fifth in the year 1514 lord justice general of the kingdom of Scotland, and in the year 1529 heritable master of his majesty's houshold. Archibald, fourth earl of Argyle, his son, distinguished himself at the battle of Pinkey 10 September 1547, and was one of the earliest converts to the protestant religion. He had issue,
Archibald, seventh earl of Argyle, his son, commanded in chief at the battle of Glenlivet in the year 1594, and distinguished himself in the suppression of some subsequent insurrections and in the Spanish service against the States General. He surrendered to the crown in the year 1628 the office of heritable lord justice general of the kingdom of Scotland. He had issue,
Archibald, eighth earl of Argyle, was the principal leader of the Scottish covenanters in the year 1639, and was created by king Charles the first 15 November 1641 marquis of the county of Argyle. He in vain attempted to stem the victorious progress of the marquis of Montrose in the year 1645, and being accused of high treason for corresponding and complying with the usurpation of Oliver Cromwel, he received sentence, and was beheaded 27 May 1661.
Archibald, lord Lorn, his son, refusing to concur in the principles of his father, uniformly adhered to the royal cause. He did not lay down his arms till the beginning of the year 1656; and being soon after committed to prison by the ruling party, continued in confinement till the period of the restoration. By king Charles the second in the year 1663 he was restored to the title of earl of Argyle; and being condemned to die by an obsolete statute of the Scottish parliament, was pardoned by that monarch in the year 1668. Having rendered himself obnoxious to the duke of York, afterwards king James the second, by his parliamentary conduct upon the subject of the test, he was again tried for high treason upon frivolous pretences, and found guilty 19 December 1681, but soon after escaped into Holland. He invaded Scotland in concert with James duke of Monmouth in the year 1685 and being defeated, was put to death upon his former sentence 30 June in that year, having issue,
Archibald, tenth earl of Argyle, attended the prince of Orange, afterwards king William the third, in his descent into England. By that monarch he was created 23 June 1701 baron Inverary, Mull, Morven and Tyrie, viscount Lochow and Glenilla, earl of Campbel and Cowal, marquis of Lorn and Kintyre, and duke of Argyle He died 28 September 1703, having issue,
John, second duke of Argyle, distinguished himself in the wars of John duke of Marlborough, and was appointed by queen Anne in the year 1705 lord high commissioner to the parliament of Scotland, and soon after created baron of Chatham in the county of Kent and earl of Greenwich. He was one of the most considerable supporters of the act of union in the year 1707, and was constituted -- January 1711 ambassador extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary to Charles the third, titular king of Spain, and commander in chief of her majesty's forces in that kingdom. He was farther promoted -- June 1712 to be commander in chief of her majesty's forces in the kingdom of Scotland, and was extremely active in suppressing the rebellion of the year 1715. He resigned all his employments June 1716, and was farther declared -- February 1719 lord steward of the houshold to king George the first, and created 30 April in that year duke of Greenwich in the county of Kent. He exchanged 3 June 1725 the office of lord steward for that of master general of the office of ordnance, which employment he resigned in May 1730. The duke of Argyle was a constant supporter of the administration of sir Robert Walpole, and had an irresistible influence in the kingdom of Scotland. He married Jane, daughter of Thomas Warburton of Winnington in the county palatine of Chester esquire; by which lady, who died 16 January 1767, he had issue,
Upon the death of the duke of Argyle -- October 1743, the English honours became extinct.
Archibald, third duke of Argyle, was created by queen Anne 29 October 1706 baron Ornsay, Dunoon and Aros; viscount Ilay and earl of Ilay of the kingdom of Scotland. He was constituted in the year 1710 lord justice general of the kingdom of Scotland for life, and 1714 lord clerk register of that kingdom, which office he resigned in the year 1716. He was farther constituted in the year 1721 lord keeper of the privy seal of the kingdom of Scotland, and exchanged that office 1733 for the place of lord keeper of the great seal of that kingdom. Upon his death 15 April 1761 the honours which had been bestowed upon him by queen Anne became extinct.
John, fourth duke of Argyle, married Mary, daughter of John Bellenden lord Bellenden of the kingdom of Scotland; by which lady, who died -- ---- ----, he had issue,
CAROLINE TOWNSHEND, baroness Greenwich of Greenwich.
This lady is daughter of John duke of Argyle and Greenwich, and was married first to Francis earl of Dalkeith, son of Francis second duke of Buccleugh; and secondly to Charles, son of Charles third lord viscount Townshend; by whom she had issue,
JOHN STUART, baron Cardiff of Cardiff Castle; one of his majesty's most honourable privy council, lord lieutenant and custos rotulorum of the county of Glamorgan, and a vice president of the Welch Charity. He is commonly called lord viscount Mountstuart in right of his paternal descent, as son of John earl of Bute of the kingdom of Scotland.
This nobleman was born 30 June 1744, elected 1768 and 1774 to represent the borough of Bossiney in the county of Cornwall, and constituted 15 June 1772 lord lieutenant and custos rotulorum of the county of Glamorgan. By king George the third he was created baron Cardiff of Cardiff Castle, and succeeded in the year 1781 to the office of one of the auditors of the imprest in the court of exchequer for life, which office was abolished by act of parliament in the year 1785. He was farther declared in the year 1779 his majesty's envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary to the court of Turin, which office he exchanged 12 March 1783 for that of ambassador extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary to the court of Madrid, and resigned in December in that year.
Lord viscount Mountstuart married 12 November 1766 Charlotte Jane, daughter of Thomas Windsor lord viscount Windsor of the kingdom of Ireland; by which lady he has issue,
The family of Stuart is descended from sir John Stuart, son of Robert the second king of Scotland. James, seventh in descent from sir John, was created a baronet by king Charles the first in the year 1627. Sir James, third baronet, his grandson, was created by queen Anne 14 April 1703 baron Mountstuart, Cumra and Inchmarnoc, viscount Mountstuart and Kingrass, and earl of Bute of the kingdom of Scotland. He was a strenuous opposer of the treaty of union in the year 1707, and married Agnes, daughter of sir George Mackenzie of Rosehaugh, lord advocate of Scotland. He died in the year 1710.
James, second earl of Bute, his son, married Anne, daughter of Archibald first duke of Argyle; by which lady, who died 28 January 1723, he had issue,
Lord Bute died in the year 1722.
John, present and third earl of Bute, was elected 1737 one of the Sixteen representatives of the peerage of Scotland, in which office he continued till the year 1780. He was constituted -- August 1738 one of the lords of the bedchamber to Frederic prince of Wales, and farther promoted to be groom of the stole to George prince of Wales, afterwards king George the third. He exchanged this employment 25 March 1761 for that of one of his majesty's principal secretaries of state. He was farther constituted -- June in that year ranger and keeper of Richmond Park, and in the following August elected chancellor of the marishal college of Aberdeen. He exchanged the appointment of secretary of state 29 May 1762 for that of first lord commissioner of the treasury, and was installed 22 September in that year knight companion of the most noble order of the garter. He resigned the office of first lord of the treasury in April 1763. The administration of lord Bute was extremely unpopular, as being supposed to be founded in a system of favouritism, and his name has been a topic of public odium from that time. He married 24 August 1736 Mary, baroness Mountstuart; by which lady he has issue,
MARTIN BLADEN HAWKE, baron Hawke of Towton.
This nobleman was born 20 April 1 744, and succeeded to the title upon the death of his father 16 October 1781. Lord Hawke married 6 February 1771 Cassandra, daughter of sir Edward Turner of Ambrosden in the county of Oxford baronet; by which lady he had issue,
Edward, son of Edward Hawke and of Elizabeth daughter of Nathaniel Bladen esquire, embraced the maritime profession, and was promoted in the year 1734 to the rank of captain in his majesty's navy. Having broken the line of battle to attack the enemy in the engagement of Toulon 11 February 1744, he was deprived of his commission, but soon after restored. He was promoted in July 1747 to the rank of rear admiral, and commanded a small squadron, with which he engaged a squadron of the enemy 14 October in that year, and took fix of their ships. In the year 1756 he succeeded admiral Byng in the command of the Mediterranean fleet, and in 1757 commanded the squadron which was destined to make a descent upon Rochfort. He put to flight a squadron of French ships in April 1758, and fought a considerable battle with the French fleet under M. de Conflans in November 1759, in which he obtained a complete victory. In consequence of these services, he received the thanks of the house of commons, and obtained a pension of two thousand pounds for his own life and that of his sons. He was constituted 5 November 1765 vice admiral of Great Britain, and 2 December 1766 first lord commissioner of the admiralty; which office he resigned 9 January 1771, and was created by king George the third baron Hawke of Towton. He married Catherine, daughter of Walter Brooke of Burton in the county of York esquire; by which lady, who died 28 October 1756, he had issue,
JEFFERY AMHERST, baron Amherst of Holmesdale and baron Amherst of Montreal; knight of the bath; one of his majesty's most honourable privy council, a general of his majesty's forces, colonel of the second troop of horse guards, colonel in chief of the sixtieth regiment of foot, and governor of the island of Guernsey.
This nobleman was born -- ---- 1727, and having embraced the military profession, was appointed in the year 1760 commander in chief of the forces in North America, where he captured the town of Montreal, and completed the conquest of Canada 8 September 1760. The victorious achievements of the British forces in North America are inscribed upon an obelisk at lord Amherst's seat of Montreal. He was elected 11 April 1761 knight companion of the most honourable order of the bath, and constituted 7 November 1768 colonel in chief of the sixtieth regiment of foot, and colonel of the third regiment of foot. He was appointed October 1770 governor of the island of Guernsey, and declared 22 October 1772 lieutenant general of the office of ordnance. He was created by king George the third baron Amherst of Holmesdale, and exchanged 20 March 1782 the offices of lieutenant general of the ordnance and of colonel of the third regiment of foot for that of captain and colonel of the second troop of horse guards. He was farther created baron Amherst of Montreal, with remainder to William Pitt, son of William his brother.
Lord Amherst married first Jane, daughter of Thomas Dalyson of Manton in the county of Lincoln esquire; which lady dying 7 January 1765, he married secondly 26 March 1767 Elizabeth, granddaughter of Lucius Henry, fifth lord viscount Falkland of the kingdom of Scotland.
The family of Amherst is supposed to he descended from Hamo, a Saxon baron, who was sheriff of the county of Kent in the reign of king William the conqueror. Hamo, his descendant, was lord bishop of Rochester; and Hamo, in the reign of king Edward the third, wrote himself Hamo de Hurst. The genealogy has been regularly traced from the reign of king Richard the second.
Jeffery Amherst, in the reign of king George the first, was a bencher of the society of Grays-Inn, and married Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Kerril of Hadlow in the county of Kent esquire; by which lady, who died 1 May 1752, he had issue,
Jeffery, the father, died 1 November 1750.
CUST, baron Brownlow of Belton, and a baronet; doctor of laws.
This nobleman was born 3 December 1744, and succeeded to the baronetage upon the death of his father 24 January 1770. He was elected 1774 to represent the borough of Grantham in the county of Lincoln, and by king George the third was created baron Brownlow of Belton.
Lord Brownlow married first 16 October 1770 Jocosa Catherina, daughter of sir Thomas Drury of Overston in the county of Northampton baronet; by which lady, who died 11 February 1772, he has issue
Lord Brownlow married secondly 3 August 1775 Frances, daughter and heiress of sir Henry Banks of Wimbleton in the county of Surrey knight, and alderman of the city of London ; by which lady he has issue,
The family of Cust has been traced back to the reign of king Edward the third. Richard Cust in the reign of king Charles the first, adhered to the party of the parliament, but was afterwards excluded from his seat in the house of commons by Oliver Cromwel. He was created a baronet by king Charles the second 29 September 1677. Purey, his son, raised a troop of horse in concert with William first earl of Devonshire at the period of the revolution. He accompanied king William the third in the subsequent reduction of Ireland.
Sir Richard, second baronet, son of Purey, married Anne, sister of John Brownlow lord viscount Tyrconnel of the kingdom of Ireland; by which lady, who died 29 December 1779, he had issue,
Sir Richard Cust died 25 July 1734.
Sir John Cuff, third baronet, was elected in the year 1761 speaker of the honourable house of commons, which office he resigned 17 January 1770. He married Etheldred, daughter of Thomas Payne of Hough; by which lady, who died 27 January 1775, he had issue,
GEORGE PITT, baron Rivers of Stratfieldsay; one of the lords of his majesty's bedchamber, colonel of the militia of the county of Dorset, and doctor of laws. This nobleman was born 1720, and several times elected to represent the borough of Shaftesbury in the county of Dorset. He was constituted -- November 1761 envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary to the court of Turin, which office he resigned in the year 1768, and was farther appointed -- March 1770 ambassador extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary to the court of Madrid. He returned to this country in the following year, and was created by king George the third baron Rivers of Stratfieldsay. He was constituted 13 May 1780 lord lieutenant and custos rotulorum of the county of Southampton, which office he exchanged 6 April 1782 for that of one of the lords of his majesty's bedchamber.
Lord Rivers married 4 January 1746 Penelope, daughter of sir Henry Atkins of Clapham in the county of Surrey baronet; by which lady he has issue,
The family of Pitt has been traced back to the reign of king Henry the sixth. John Pitt, in the reign of queen Elizabeth, had issue,
George, son of George, had issue,
George, the elder son, married Louisa, daughter of ---- Bernier esquire ; by which lady, who died 7 February 1781 , he had issue,
George, the father, died 26 October 1745.
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