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The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland 1868

Hundreds and Miscellaneous Entries for Kent

"ALOESBRIDGE HUNDRED, one of the twelve subdivisions of the lathe of Shepway in the county of Kent, bounded on the N.E. and S.E. by Langport, St. Martin's hundred, and on the S.W. and N.W. by Oxney hundred. It contains the parish of Brookland, Fairfield, Snargate, Suave, and part of Brenzett, and extends over an area of 7,240 acres."

"AXTON HUNDRED, (and Darford and Wilmington) one of the eight hundreds or sub-divisions of the lathe of Sutton-at-Hone, in the county of Kent, bounded on the N. by the river Thames, on the E. by the lathe of Aylesford on the S. by the hundred of Codsheath, and on the W. by the hundreds of Lessneth and Ruxley. It comprises the following parishes:-Ash, Darenth, Dartford, Eynesford, Farningham, Fawkham, Hartley, Horton-Kirby, Kingsdown, Longfield, Lullingstone, Ridley, Southfleet, Stone, Sutton-at-Hone, Swanscombe, and Wilmington. This hundred extends over an area of 39,500 acres.

"AYLESFORD LATHE, one of the five lathes or subdivisions of the county of Kent, occupying a nearly central position in the county and bounded on the N. by the river Thames and the county of Essex, on the E. by the lathe of Scray, on the S. by the county of Sussex, and on the W. by the lathe of Sutton. It contains the following hundreds: Brenchley and Horsemonden, Chatham and Gillingham, Eyhorne, Hoo, Larkfield, Littlefield, Maidstone, Shamwell, Toltingtrough, Tonbridge, Twyford, Washlingstone, and Wrotham. This lathe extends over an area of 233,580 acres."

"BERKELEY HUNDRED, one of the 16 hundreds or subdivisions of the lathe of Scray, in the county of Kent, situated in the southern part of the county, and surrounded by the hundreds of Catehill, Chart and Longbridge, Blackborne, Rolvenden, and Cranbrook. It comprises the parish of Biddenden only,"

"BEWSBOROUGH HUNDRED, one of the 12 hundreds or subdivisions of the lathe of St. Augustine, in the county of Kent, bounded by the hundreds of Eastry and Cornillo on the N.W. and N.E., the Straits of Dover on the S.E., and the lathe of Shepway on the W. It contains the parishes of Buckland, Charlton, West Cliffe, Coldred, Deal, Temple Ewell, Guston, Hougham, West Langdon, Lydden, St. Margaret-at-Cliffe, Poulton, River, Shepherdswell, and Whitfield, comprising an area of about 19,800 acres."

"BIRCHOLT FRANCHISE and BARONY, one of the 12 subdivisions of the lathe of Shepway, in the county of Kent, bounded by the hundreds of Stouting and Street, on the N., E., and S., and by the hundreds of Ham, Chart, and Longbridge and Wye on the W.; and containing the parishes of Bircholt, Brabourne, Hastingleigh, Smeeth, with part of Aldington. It has an area of about 10,100 acres."

"BLACKBOURNE HUNDRED, one of the 16 hundreds or subdivision of the lathe of Scray, in the county of Kent, surrounded by the hundreds of Chart and Longbridge, Ham, Oxney, Tenterden, Rolvenden, and Barclay, and containing the parishes of Appledore, High Halden, Kenardington, Shadoxhurst, and Woodchurch. It has an area of about 17,000 acres."

"BLACKHEATH HUNDRED, one of the 8 hundreds or subdivisions of the lathe of Sutton-at-Hone, in the county of Kent, surrounded by the hundreds of Lessness and Bromley, and Beckenham, the county of Surrey, and the river Thames. It contains the parishes of Charlton-next-Woolwich, Eltham, Lee, and Lewisham. The area of the hundred is about 12,690 acres."

"BLEANGATE HUNDRED, one of the 12 hundreds or subdivisions of the lathe of St. Augustine, in the county of Kent, situated in the eastern division of the county, and bounded on the N. by the Thames, on the E. by the Isle of Thanet, on the S. by the hundreds of Downhamford and Preston, and on the W. by the hundred of Whitstable. It contains the parishes of Chislet, Hearne, Heath, Reculver, Stourmouth, Sturry, Swalecliffe, and Westbere. This hundred covers an area of about 18,800 acres."

"BOUGHTON-UNDER-BLEAN HUNDRED, one of the 17 hundreds or subdivisions of the lathe of Scray, in the county of Kent, situated in the eastern division of the county and bounded on the N. by the Thames, on the E. by the lathe of St. Augustine, on the S. by the hundred of Felborough, and on the W. by the hundred of Faversham. It contains the parishes of Boughton-under-Blean, Graveney, Hernhill, and Selling, and extends over an area of about 9,662 acres."

"BRENCHLEY AND HORSEMONDEN HUNDRED, one of the 13 hundreds or subdivisions of the lathe of Aylesford, in the county of Kent, situated in the western parliamentary division of the county, and bounded on the N. by the hundred of Twyford, on the E. by the lathe of Scray, on the S. by Sussex, and on the W. by the hundred of Washlingstone. It comprises the parishes of Brenchley and Horsemonden, with a small part of Lamberhurst, and has an area of about 16,500 acres."

"BRIDGE AND PETHAM HUNDRED, one of the 12 hundreds or subdivisions of the lathe of St. Augustine, in the county of Kent, situated in the parliamentary eastern division of the county, and bounded on the N. by the hundreds of Westgate and Downhamford, on the E. by the hundred of Kingshamford, on the S. by the lathe of Shepway, and on the W. by the lathe of Scray. It contains the parishes of Bekesbourne, Bridge, Upper Hardres, Lower Hardres, Nackington, Patrixbourne, Petham, and Waltham, and extends over an area of about 13,200 acres."

"BROMLEY and BECKENHAM HUNDRED, one of the 8 hundreds or subdivisions of the lathe of Sutton-at-Hone, in the county of Kent, situated in the western parliamentary division of the county, and bounded on the N. by the hundred of Blackheath, on the E. and S. by the hundred of Ruxley, and on the W. by the county of Surrey. It contains the parishes of Beckenham and Bromley, and has an area of about 8,460 acres."

"CALEHILL HUNDRED, one of the 16 hundreds or subdivisions of the lathe of Scray, in the county of Kent, situated in the eastern parliamentary division of the county, and bounded on the N. by the lathe of Aylesford and the hundred of Faversham, on the E. by the hundred of Felborough, on the S.E. by the hundred of Chart and Longbridge, on the S. by the hundreds of Barclay and Blackborne, and on the W. by the lathe of Aylesford. It contains the parishes of Charing, Little Chart, Egerton, Pluckley, Smarden, and Westwell, and extends over an area of about 21,980 acres."

"CHART AND LONGBRIDGE, a hundred in the lathe of Scray, in the eastern portion of the county of Kent. It contains the parishes of Ashford, Bethersden, Brook, Great Chart, Hinxhill, Hothfield, Kennington, Kingsnorth, Mersham, Sevington, and Willesborough, and comprises 25,000 acres."

"CHATHAM AND GILLINGHAM, a hundred in the northern portion of the county of Kent. It contains the parishes of Chatham and Gillingham, comprising 4,310 acres."

"CHRISTCHURCH, a precinct in the city of Canterbury, in the county of Kent. See Canterbury."

"CODSHEATH, a hundred in the lathe of Sutton-at-Hone, in the north-western portion of the county of Kent contains the parishes of Leigh, Brasted, Otford, Halstead, Chevening, Seven Oaks, Kemsing, Sundridge, Shoreham, and Seal, comprising about 37,720 acres."

"CORNILO, a hundred in the lathe of St. Augustine, in the county of Kent, contains the parishes of Great and Little Mongolism, Oxney, Sutton, Walmer, East Langdon, Shoulders, Ripple, Ringswould, and Northbourne, comprising 13,140 acres."

"CRANBROOK, a hundred in the lathe of Scray, in the S. division of the county of Kent, contains the parishes of Frittenden, Cranbrook, and parts of Staplehurst and Goudhurst, comprising about 14,100 acres."

"CRANE RIVER, in the south of county Kent, which joins the Beult near Hedcorn. "

"DANE PITTS, a camp of about half an acre, at Ripple, in the county of Kent. This, with another very near, is supposed to have been made by Julius Caesar."

"DOWNHAMFORD, a hundred in the lathe of St. Augustine, in the county of Kent. It contains the parishes of Adisham, Fordwich, Ickham, Littlebourne, Staple, Stodmarsh, and Wickhambreux, comprising 10,670 acres."

"DUNGE-MARSH, in the hundred of Langport, lathe of Shepway, in the county of Kent. It is situated near Dungeness, and contains Lydd, a member of Romney cinque port."

"EAST BARNFIELD HUNDRED, one of the 16 hundreds or subdivisions of the lathe of Scray, in the county of Kent, situated in the southern part of the county, on the edge of Sussex, and bounded on the N. and E. by the hundred of Kingshamford, on the S. by the hundreds of Eastry, and Bridge and Petham, and on the W. by the hundreds of Downhamford and Preston. It contains the larger part of the parish of Hawkhurst, and has an area of about 6,500 acres.

"EAST BRIDGE HOSPITAL, a liberty within the city of Canterbury, county Kent, the ancient site of St. Thomas's hospital for pilgrims."

"EASTRY, a hundred in the lathe of St. Augustine, E. division county Kent, contains the parishes of Barfreston, Bettes-hanger, Chillenden, Denton, Eastry, Eythorn, Ham, Knowlton, Tilmanstone, Waldershare, Woodnesborough, and Worth, comprising 14,690 acres."

"EYHORNE HUNDRED, in the lathe of Aylesford, county Kent, contains the parishes of Bearstead, Bickner, Boughton-Malherb, Boughton-Monchelsea, Bredhurst, Broomfield, Chart, Frinstead, Harrietsham, Headcorn, Hollingbourn, Hucking, Langley, Leeds, Lenham, Otham, Otterden, Stockbury, East Sutton, Valence-Sutton, Thornham, Ulcombe, Witchling, and Wormshill, comprising about 52,000 acres."

"FAVERSHAM HUNDRED, one of the subdivisions of the lathe of Scray, county of Kent. It is situated in the N. of the county, and contains the parishes of Badlesmere, Buckland, Davington, Eastling, Faversham, Goodnestone, St. Thomas Isle of Harty, Leaveland, Luddenham, Newnham, Norton, Oare, Ospringe, Preston, Sheldwicks, Stalisfield, Stone, Throwley, and part of Otterden, and has an area of nearly 25,000 acres."

"FELBOROUGH HUNDRED, a hundred of the lathe of Scray, county Kent. It is situated in the central part of the county and contains the parishes of Challock, Chartham, Chilham, Godmersham, and Molash, comprising about 17,500 acres."

"FOLKESTONE, a hundred in the lathe of Shepway, county Kent. It is situated in the eastern part of the county, and includes the parishes of Alkham, Chapel-le-Ferne, Cheriton, Folkestone, Hawkinge, Newington, Swingfield, and parts of Acrise and Hougham, comprising about 18,000 acres."

"GOODWIN SANDS, an extensive sand-bank lying off the coast of county Kent, between Deal and Ramsgate, in N. lat. 51∞ 10' to 510 20', and E. long. 1∞ 25' to 10 36'. They extend in length for near 8 miles, and in breadth about 3, having only 3 fathoms water, except at low water, when they are dry in many parts. Lying outside the Gull stream and Downs, they serve as a natural breakwater, and have lights erected at several points, with a mast 50 feet high, supporting a gallery for twenty shipwrecked persons, called Bullook's safety beacon. They are supposed to have been formed in the reign of William II., when the sea, flooding the opposite lands of Holland, retired considerably from the English coast. They have been the scene of many dreadful wrecks."

"GREY FRIARS, a precinct in the city of Canterbury, county Kent."

"GULL STREAM, the N. passage to the Downs of the coast of Kent, between the Goodwin Sands and the Brake off Ramsgate. Here are the Gull Light and Gull Shoal."

"HAM, a hundred in the lathe of Shepway, county Kent, contains the parish of Warehorne and part of Orlestone, comprising 3,860 acres."

"HAYNE, a hundred in the lathe of Shepway county Kent, containing the parishes of Postling and Saltwood, comprising an area of 3,510 acres."

"HOLWOOD-HILL, the site of the Roman Noviomagus, county Kent, on the road from Bromley to Pevensey."

"HOO, a hundred in the lathe of Aylesford, county Kent, contains the parishes of Allhallows, Isle of Grain, High Halstow, Hoo, Hoo St. Mary, and Stoke, comprising an area of 17,760 acres."

"HULKS-IN-MEDWAY, a place in the town of Chatham, county Kent."

"HYTHE, a hundred in the lathe of Shepway, county Kent, including the cinque port and borough of Hythe and West Hythe, comprising about 2,240 acres."

"ISLE OF SHEPPEY, a liberty having separate jurisdiction in the lathe of Scray, county Kent. It lies opposite the Nore, on the N. coast of Kent, from which it is separated by the river Swale on the S., and is bounded on the W. by the Thames and Medway, and on the N. and E. by the North Sea. Although considered as one island, it is formed by the three islands of Sheppey, Elmley, and the Isle-of-Hasty, comprising the parishes of Queenborough, Minster-in-Sheppey, Eastchurch, Leysdown, Warden, Isle of Elmley, and St. Thomas' Harty Isle, and the rapidly rising town of Sheerness, in the parish of Minster. It was called by the Saxons Sceapige, or "The Isle of Sheep," and still retains its fame for the excellence of its mutton. It was frequently ravaged by the -Danes, in the 9th century, whose tumuli and "coterels" remain to this day scattered along the coasts, which are in general low and marshy, especially towards the S., where they are defended with strong sea walls and dykes, but towards the N. the cliffs attain an elevation of 90 feet, and extend for about six miles in length. The island is rather more than 10 miles long from E. to W., and 4 miles in breadth, with an area of about 20,000 acres. The surface is marshy, consisting chiefly of low rich pasture, with some arable clay lands, except in the southern part, where it is traversed by a ridge of low hills. The corn crops are abundant, but of wood and trees there is a dearth. The chief crops are wheat, beans, oats, clover, and seeds. The island breed of sheep is much prized, as is also the breed of small horses. Productive oyster beds extend along the coast from Sheerness to Milton, and form a staple article of export for the London market. The population of the district in 1861 was 18,494, of which number 12,015 reside in Sheerness. The mineral productions consist chiefly of septaria or argillaceous limestone, from which Parker's Roman cement is made, and iron pyrites or copperas stones, which latter are collected in heaps upon the beach, from the falling cliffs, and are carried away in vessels to the copperas works near Sheerness and Queenborough, originally established by Matthias Falconer, a native of Brabant, as early as 1579. The fossil remains are numerous, throwing much light on the geologic formation of the London basin; they comprise upwards of 700 different species, chiefly crustacea and reptiles, including the crocodilus Spenceri, and numerous specimens of fossil fruits. The Cant sand lying to the N. of the island, stretches to the Nore light. The means of communication was formerly by three primitive ferries, two for foot passengers, and one called the King's ferry free for travellers and horses, but not for carriages; a great alteration has, however, been recently effected in the mode of transit by the construction of a railway viaduct across the bed of the Swale, and the establishment of steamboat communication with London, Gravesend, Southend, and other places. Sheppey gives name to a Poor-law Union, comprising the parishes above named; also to a superintendent registry district.

"KENTISH-KNOCK, a sandbank off the coast of Kent, near the estuary of the Thames, and outside the Long Sand, in N. lat. 51∞ 41', and E. long. 1∞ 39'. A revolving light was put up on these sands in 1840, which is visible for about 10 miles."

"KINGHAMFORD, a hundred in the lathe of St. Augustine, county Kent, contains the parishes of Barham, Bishopsbourne, Kingston, and Wooton, comprising an area of 9,160 acres."

"KITS-COTTY-HOUSE, a cromlech in county Kent, 3 miles N. of Maidstone. It consists of one stone 12 feet by 9, resting on three supports, and is supposed to have been erected in memory of the British king Catigern, slain in battle by the Saxons."

"LANGPORT, a hundred in the lathe of Shepway, county Kent, contains the parishes of Hope and Lydd, forming part of Romney Marsh."

"LARKFIELD, a hundred in the lathe of Aylesford, county Kent, contains the parishes of Addington, Allington, Aylesford, Birling, Burham, Ditton, Leybourne, East Mailing, West Malling, Offham, Ryarsh, Snodland, Trotterscliffe, and Wouldham, comprising an area of 22,410 acres."

"LESSNESS, a hundred in the lathe of Sutton-at-Hone, county Kent, contains the parishes of Crayford, Erith, Plumstead, and East Wickham, comprising an area of 10,410 acres."

"LITTLEFIELD, a hundred in the lathe of Aylesford, county Kent. It is situated in the western part of the county, and includes the parishes of Mereworth and West Peckham, comprising an area of 1,150 acres."

"LONGBRIDGE HUNDRED, one of the subdivisions of the lathe of Scray, county Kent."

"LONINGBOROUGH HUNDRED, one of the subdivisions of the lathe of Shepway, county Kent, situated in the eastern part of the county. It includes the parishes of Acrise, Elham, Lyminge, and Paddlesworth, comprising an area of about 12,200 acres."

"MAIDSTONE, a hundred in the lathe of Aylesford, county Kent, contains the borough of Maidstone, with the parishes of Barming, Boxley, Detling, East Farleigh, Linton, and Loose, comprising an area of 12,830 acres, exclusive of the borough of Maidstone."

"MARDEN, a hundred in the lathe of Scray, county Kent, contains the parishes of Goudhurst, Marden, and Staplehurst, comprising an area of 23,530 acres."

"MILTON, a hundred in the lathe of Scray, county Kent, contains the parishes of Bapchild, Bobbing, Bordon, Bradgar, Lower Halston, Hartlip, Iwade, Kingsdown, Milstead, Milton-next-Sittingbourne, Marston, Newington, Rainham, Rodmersham, Sittingbourne, Tonge, Tunstall, and Upchurch, comprising an area of 30,580 acres."

"MONTREAL, the seat of Earl Amherst, in the hundred of Codsheath, lathe of Sutton-at-Hone, county Kent, 1 mile N.W. of Sevenoaks. It is situated in a hilly country near the river Darent, and was rebuilt by the first Lord Amherst after he returned from his campaign in Canada, where he took Montreal in 1760. In the grounds is a column in commemoration of that event."

"NEWCHURCH, a hundred in the county of Kent, contains the parish of Ruckinge, with part of Bilsington, and includes St. Mary and Newchurch, in the liberty of Romney-Marsh."

"OXNEY, a hundred in the lathe of Shepway, county Kent, contains the parishes of Ebony, Stone, and Wittersham, comprising an area of 8,380 acres. It is chiefly marshy, and forms an island between the river Rother and the Kent Ditch."

"PRESTON, a hundred in the lathe of St. Augustine, county Kent, contains the parishes of Preston-by-Wingham and Elmstone, comprising an area of 2,030 acres."

"RAVENSBURN, a small river of the county of Kent, rises near Farnborough, and passes under the Greenwich railway to the Thames at Deptford Creek."

"REDDING HILL, a hill in the hundred of Tenterden, lathe of Scray, county Kent, 3 miles S.E. of Tenterden, and 24 S.W. of Canterbury. It is the supposed site of the Roman station Anderida, and has barracks on it."

"RINGSLOW, a hundred, called also Isle of Thanet, county Kent, contains the watering-place of Broadstairs and the parishes of Birchington, St. Lawrence, Margate, Minster, Monkton, St. Nicholas at Wade, St. Peter's, Ramsgate, Sarre, Stonar, and Wood; comprising an area of 45,880 acres."

"ROAR, a bank in East Bay, county Kent, extending nearly 7 miles between Hythe and New Romney."

"ROLVENDEN, a hundred in the lathe of Scray, county Kent, contains the parishes of Benenden and Rolvenden, comprising an area of 12,450 acres."

"ROMNEY MARSH, a liberty in the lathe of Shepway, county Kent, contains the cinque-port town of Romney, and the parishes of Blackmanstone, Burmarsh, Dymchurch, Hope All Saints, Ivychurch, Lydd, St. Mary, Midley, Newchurch, Orgarswick, Snargate, Suave, and parts of Aldington, Appledore, Bilsington, Bonnington, Brenzett, Brookland, Broomhill, Hurst, West Hythe, Kenardington, Lympne, Newington, Orlestone, Rockinge, Sellinge, and Warehorne, comprising together above 45,000 acres, a great part of which has been reclaimed from the sea by various innings, and is protected by a seawall called Dymchurch Wall, extending 3 miles in length, and from 12 to 20 feet high, which is the sole barrier that prevents the sea from overflowing the whole of the level. It gives name to a Poor-law Union comprising 19 parishes or places; the workhouse being at New Romney. It is also the seat of new County Court and superintendent registry districts. Denge Marsh, with Southbrooks and Guildford Marsh, both adjoining Walland Marsh, are under the jurisdictions of separate commissions of sewers."

"ROUNDDOWN, a cliff on the coast of Kent, near Dover. It was about 380 feet high before it was blasted in 1843, to make way for the London and South-coast line of railway. In this operation 19,000 lbs. of powder were employed to throw down more than 400,000 cubic yards of chalk, which were scattered over 20 acres."

"RUXLEY, a hundred in the lathe of Sutton-at-Hone, county Kent, contains the parishes of Bexley, Chelsfield, Chiselhurst, Foot's Cray, North Cray, St. Mary and St. Paul's Cray, Cudham, Downe, Farnborough, Hayes, Keston, Knockholt, Orpington, and West Wickham, comprising an area of 36,321 acres."

"SCADBURY, an ancient seat, now a farm, near Chiselhurst, county Kent. It was the birth-place of Sir Nicholas Bacon and of Sir Francis Walsingham."

"SCRAY LATHE, a division of the county of Kent, containing the hundreds of East Barnfield, Berkeley, Blackbourne, Boughton-under-Blean, Calehill, Chart, Cranbrooke, Faversham, Felborough, Marden, Milton, Rolvenden, Isle of Sheppey, Tenterden, Teynham, and Wye, comprising together an area of 260,510 acres."

"SELBRITTENDEN, a hundred in the lathe of Scray, county Kent, contains the parishes of Newenden liberty and Sandhurst, comprising an area of 5,720 acres."

"SHAKESPEARE'S CLIFF, a headland on the coast of Kent, 1½ mile S.W. of Dover. It rises about 350 feet above sea-level, and the London and South-Eastern railway passes under the cliff, through a tunnel 4,179 feet long."

"SHAMWELL, a hundred in the lathe of Aylesford, county Kent, contains the parishes of Chalk, Cliff-at-Hoo, Cobham, Cooling, Cuxton, Denton, Frindsbury, Halling, Highham, Shorne, and part of Strood, comprising an area of 26,020 acres."

"SHELLNESS, a promontory at the E. end of the Isle of Sheppey, county Kent. It lies opposite Whitstable Harbour, and takes its name from the Shelly beach."

"SHEPWAY LATHE, a division in the south-eastern part of county Kent, comprises the hundreds of Alvesbridge, Bircholt, Folkestone, Ham, Hayne, Hythe, Langport, Loningborough, St. Martin Ivy Church, Newchurch, Oxney, Romney cinque port, Stonting, Street, Worth, and the liberty of Romney Marsh, together containing about 125,000 acres."

"SOMERDEN, a hundred in the lathe of Sutton-at-Home, county Kent, contains the parishes of Chiddingstone, Cowden, Heiver, Penshurst, and part of Speldhurst, comprising an area of 13,650 acres."

"ST. AUGUSTINE, (Lathe of) one of the five lathes, or principal sub-divisions of the county of Kent, is bounded on the N. and E. by the ocean, on the S. by the lathe of Shepway, and on the W. by the lathe of Scray. It comprises the following twelve hundreds:-Bewsborough, Bleangate Bridge and Petham, Cornillo, Downhamford, Eastry, Kinghamford, Preston, Ringslow, or the Isle of Thanet, Westgate, Whitstable, and Wingham. The lathe extends over an area of 163,550 acres."

"ST. MARTIN, (or Ivy Church or Pountney), a hundred in the lathe of Shepway, county Kent, contains the parishes of Ivy-Church and Midley, in, Romney Marsh.

"STOUTING, a hundred in the lathe of Shepway, county Kent, contains the parishes of Elmstead, Monks Horton, Stanford, Stelling, and Stowting, comprising an area of 8,100 acres."

"STREET, a hundred in the lathe of Shepway, county Kent. It is situated on the Roman way Stone Street, and contains the parish of Sellinge, and parts of Hurst, Donnington, and Lympne, and comprises an area of 4,710 acres."

"SUTTON-AT-HONE, a lathe in county Kent, contains the hundreds of Axton, Blackheath, Bromley, Codsheath, Lessness, Ruxley, Somerden, and Westerham, comprising an area of 169,510 acres."

"SWALE, a channel or tidal river separating the Isles of Sheppey, Elmley, and Harty, from the mainland of county Kent. It extends about 17 miles in length, with a varying breadth of from half a mile to 1½ mile, and anciently joined the Wantsum channel, which formed the shortest passage from the Downs to the port of London, but which is now dry."

"TENTERDEN, a hundred in the lathe of Scray, county Kent, contains the parishes of Tenterden, Boveiste, Castwcasle, Dumborne, Shrubcote, and part of Ebony, comprising an area of 8,620 acres."

"TEY, a small stream of county Kent, joins the river Beult, near Staplehurst."

"TEYNHAM, a hundred in the lathe of Scray, county Kent, contains the parishes of Doddington, Linstead, and Teynham, comprising an area of 6,210 acres."

"THE DOWNS, a much frequented roadstead between the North and South Foreland, off the coast of Kent. It affords a safe shelter for shipping, the Goodwin Sands forming a natural breakwater. When the wind is contrary, several hundred vessels may frequently be seen at one time opposite Ramsgate, Sandwich, and Deal.

"TOLTINGTROUGH, a hundred in the lathe of Aylesford, county Kent, contains the parishes of Gravesend, Ifield, Luddesdown, Meopham, Milton, Northfleet, and Nursted; comprising an area of 13,110 acres."

"TONBRIDGE, a lowey in the lathe of Aylesford, county Kent, contains the market towns of Tonbridge and Tonbridge Wells, also the parishes of Hadlow and Tonbridge, with part of Caple or Capel, comprising an area of 20,660 acres."

"TWYFORD, a hundred in the lathe of Aylesford, county Kent, contains the parishes of West Farleigh, Hunton, Nettlestead, East Peckham, Teston, Wateringbury, and Yadling, comprising an area of 16,450 acres."

"WANTSUM, a channel forming the Isle of Thanet, county Kent. It passes between Richborough and the Reculvers, and was anciently the readiest passage to the port of London, but is now choked up by the sea, which is retiring on the eastern side."

"WASHLINGSTONE, a hundred in the lathe of Aylesford, county Kent, contains the parishes of Ashurst, Bidborough, Caple, Pembury, Speldhurst, and Tudeley; comprising an area of 12,330 acres."

"WELLAND, (or Walling), a division of Romney Marsh, between Rhee Wall and Lydd, county Kent. It is chiefly in pasture.

"WESTERHAM, a hundred in the lathe of Sutton-at-Hone, county Kent, contains the parishes of Ellenbridge and Westerham, comprising 11,030 acres."

"WESTGATE, a hundred in the lathe of St. Augustine, county Kent, contains the parishes of Dunkirk, St. Dunstan, St. Gregory, Hackington, Harbledown, Milton Chapel, Staplegate, Thanington, and part of Westgate Holy Cross, comprising about 8,890 acres."

"WHITSTABLE, a hundred in the lathe of St. Augustine, E. division of county Kent, contains the parishes of Blan, Seasalter liberty, and Whitstable, comprising 10,670 acres."

"WINGHAM, a hundred in the lathe of St. Augustine, county Kent, contains the parishes of Ash-next-Sandwich, Goodnestone, Nonington, Wingham, and Womenswold, comprising 16,590 acres."

"WORTH, a hundred in the lathe of Shepway, county Kent. It comprises part of Romney Marsh, containing the parishes of Blackmanstone, Burmarsh, Dymchurch, Eastbridge, and Orgarswick."

"WROTHAM, a hundred in the lathe of Aylesford county Kent, contains the parishes of Ightham, Shipbourne, Stanstead, and Wrotham, comprising 16,140 acres."

"WYE, a hundred in the lathe of Scray, county Kent, contains the parishes of Aluph Boughton, Crundale, Eastwell, Wye, and part of Brook, comprising 9,830 acres."

[Transcribed from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland 1868 by Colin Hinson ©2010]