Ashton under Lyne

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ASHTON-UNDER-LYNE, a town, a parish, and a district, on the SE border of Lancashire. The town stands on the river Tame, at a convergence of canals and railways, 6½ miles E by N of Manchester. Its site is a rising-ground, from 30 to 40 feet high, on the N bank of the river; its environs are a low flat tract, reclaimed from the condition of a marsh, overlying rich strata of coal and sandstone, and studded with factories, villages, and mining-shafts; and many parts of both site and environs, previous to the introduction of the cotton trade in 1769, were bare, wet, and almost worthless. Pop. in 1841, 22,678; in 1861, 33,917. Houses, 6,460. The municipal borough includes also part of the parochial division called Audenshaw. Pop. in 1851, 30,676; in 1861, 34,886. Houses, 6,647. Electors in 1868, 967. Direct taxes, 14,798. Real property, 113,703. The parish consists of the four divisions of Ashton Town, Audenshaw, Knott-Lanes, and Hartshead; and includes the hamlets of Lees, Crossbank, Alt, Altedge, Althill, Taunton, Knott-Lanes, Wood-Park, Hazlehurst, Heyrod, Smallshaw, and Hartshead, the villages of Hooleyhill, Walkmill, Audenshaw, Littlemoss, Wood houses, North-Street, Hurst, Hurstbrooks, Mossley, and Mossley-Brow, and part of the town of Stalybridge. Acres, 9,300. Real property, 233,117. Pop. in 1841, 46,304; in 1861, 66,801. Houses, 12,962. The Earl of Stamford has about 2,030 tenants within the manor; and draws from it an income of upwards of 30,000. more...

John Marius Wilson, Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1870-72)

Archives and libraries

Local Studies information is held at
Central Library,
Old Street,
Ashton under Lyne

They have made available a summary of the records, and finding aids that they hold.


The following books contain useful information about the history of Ashton and the surrounding area.



Details about the census records, and indexes for Ashton under Lyne.

Church History

Church Records

You can also perform a more selective search for churches in the Ashton under Lyne area that are recorded in the GENUKI church database. This will also help identify other churches in nearby townships and/or parishes. You also have the option to see the location of the churches marked on a map.

Civil Registration

Tameside Register Office holds records of births, marriages and deaths since 1837.

Description and Travel

Tameside Metropolitan Borough Council provide a range of information about the town.

A description of the town with a good selection of pictures.

You can see pictures of Ashton under Lyne which are provided by:



Ask for the gazetteer for a calculation of the distance from Ashton-under-Lyne to another place.

Historical Geography

In 1889 Stayley became part of Cheshire. In 1974 Ashton became part of Tameside Metropolitan Borough.

The division of Knott Lanes is bounded on the north by the parishes of Oldham and Saddleworth; by the division of Hartshead, in this parish, on the east; and by the said division, and the division of Audenshaw, on the south and west. It is in length from Birks, near Austerland in Saddleworth, to New Market below Taunton Fold, in the parish of Ashton-u-Lyne, about five miles: and in it's greatest breadth, from Boardmans edge to Fitton Hill, about two miles and a half. It contained about 1060 acres in 1618.
Taken from James Butterworths, Town and parish of Ashton-u-lyne,written in November 1823.


A description of Ashton under Lyne in the 19th century.

Ian Rhodes is providing an archive of The Way We Were section from the Ashton Reporter.


View maps of Ashton under Lyne and places within its boundaries.

You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SJ938991 (Lat/Lon: 53.488566, -2.094917), Ashton under Lyne which are provided by:


Ian Rhodes provides extracts from the Yesterdays column in the Ashton Reporter Group of newspapers describing events that took place 50 and 100 years ago.

Poor Houses, Poor Law

The Workhouse site has an interesting description of Ashton workhouse.

Probate Records

For probate purposes prior to 1858, Ashton was in the Archdeaconry of Chester, in the Diocese of Chester. The original Lancashire wills for the Archdeaconry of Chester are held at the Lancashire Record Office.


The Manchester & Lancashire FHS.

You can also see Family History Societies covering the nearby area, plotted on a map. This facility is being developed, and is awaiting societies to enter information about the places they cover.