GENUKI Home page Contents GENUKI
Contents
Gazetteer Lancashire
Gazetteer
THE
LANCASHIRE
GAZETTEER

an
ALPHABETICALLY ARRANGED
ACCOUNT
of the
Hundreds, Market Towns, Boroughs, Parishes, Townships, Hamlets, Gentlemens' Seats, Rivers, Lakes, Mountains, Moors, Commons, Mosses, Antiquities, &c.
in the
County Palatine of Lancaster;

Together with
HISTORICAL DESCRIPTIONS
OF THE CHIEF PLACES,
with their
Fairs, Markets, Local and Metropolitan Distances, Charters, Church Livings, Patrons, &c

By JOSEPH ASTON, Author of "The Manchester Guide."
1808

Printed in Manchester by J. Aston;
And sold in London, by Longman, Hurst, Rees, and Orme;
and in the County of Lancaster, by all Booksellers.
Entered at Stationers' Hall

TO THE
RIGHT HONOURABLE
EDWARD SMITH STANLEY

EARL of DERBY,
LORD STANLEY, ONE OF HIS MAJESTY'S MOST HONOURABLE
PRIVY COUNCIL,

THIS
LOCAL GAZETTEER,
DESCRIPTIVE OF THE COUNTY,
OF WHICH
HIS LORDSHIP
IS
LORD LIEUTENANT,

AND IN WHICH,
DERIVING FROM
AN
ILLUSTRIOUS ANCESTRY
HIS LORDSHIP,
HAS
SO GREAT
AN
INTEREST,
IS
MOST RESPECTFULLY INSCRIBED,
BY
HIS LORDSHIP'S
OBEDIENT, HUMBLE SERVANT,

JOSEPH ASTON.

PREFACE

The hint of the utility of a "Lancashire Gazetteer," and a polite representation of the capability of the Author for the undertaking, were pointed out to him by a Gentleman, whose good opinion is an honor, and whose sanction is ample acquittal of any charge of temerity, for venturing on the task.

[Here Aston has placed a table of distances, which is too large to fit on a web page. Send an email to J.M.T. to obtain a copy.]

The suggestion was promptly adopted, and the work commenced. It is now submitted to the public, in the full hope, that the inhabitants of the county it describes, will overlook or pardon any accidental omission or erroneous statement, which the want of a complete local knowledge of every corner of the county, (which no individual can possess) has occasioned. The Author is sensible, that there must be errors in the following work, which would have required the united powers of an extensive literary association, in conjunction with the authorised functionaries of the county, to have rendered perfectly correct. Instead of these advantages, it grew under the hand of an individual, amidst the interruptions of the thousand imperious calls, to which a man of business is perpetually liable. He however trusts, that his labours will not be useless, nor overlooked by his Countrymen; and, that they will, at least, say, "Tho he has not done all that could have been wished, yet with his document, and in his situation, he has done all that could, reasonably, be expected.

It remains now to state, that Mr. Yates' large Map of Lancashire, drawn from actual survey, has furnished data for the relative situations and bearings - for the latitudes and longitudes - and, in those instances, where more accurate and minute information could not be obtained, for the distances, and the orthography of the various places described or mentioned. The author deeming it but candid, to place a reliance on the accuracy of the labours of a man like Mr. Yates, who traversed the county, in every direction, for the purpose of furnishing one of the largest and most accurate county maps, which the kingdom can boast.

With a view to greater perfection, in some future edition, (if the public reception of the present should sanction another) the Author respectfully solicits the corrections, or additions, of such of his readers, whose local, or official situations, may enable them to add to the stock of information contained in this little volume. Such information will be most gratefully received; but to prevent a multiplicity of letters, and to assure their interest, they must come to him free of postage.

[Here Aston has placed a table describing the County, which is too big to fit on a web page. Send an email to J.M.T. to obtain a copy.]

INTRODUCTION

Lancashire derives its name from Lancaster, the county town (the Alauna of the Romans) and was by the Saxons denominated Loncasterscyre. It is a maritime County; the second in point of consequence and population in the kingdom. It is the County immediately N. of Cheshire, by which it is bounded on the S. and SW; by Yorkshire on the E. and NE; by Westmorland on the N.; by Cumberland on the NW.; and by the Irish Sea on the W. Its greatest length, according to Mr. Yates's map, is 74 miles, and its greatest breadth 441/2 miles. Its circumference, crossing the mouth of the Ribble, is 342 miles; and it contains 1765 miles, and 1,129,600 acres, of which Mr. Yates calculated, there were, in 1786, not less than 26,500 acres of moss land; and 482,000 acres of moor, common, and marshe, lands; making, together, 508,500 acres, very much of which is capable of improvement. This quantity, (nearly one half of what the county contains,) of, comparatively, unprofitable land, is altogether astonishing, when the population of the county, exhibited on the table inserted in this work, is considered.

The Towns, Rivers, Parishes, &c. contained in the county, are described in the following Gazetteer. Other particulars will be found in the tables annexed, which the Author trusts will prove useful and amusing to his fellow countrymen - the Lancastrians.

Lancashire is divided into six Hundreds, viz. Amounderness, Blackburn, Leyland, Lonsdale, Salford and West Derby; particulars respecting which may be found under their respective heads, in the alphabetical arrangement of the Gazetteer.

The respective Hundreds are divided into the following independent* townships of which further particulars may be learned by a reference to the main body of this work.

*Many considerable villages, which on the division of the hundreds, were not of sufficient consequence to be denominated townships, but which are now governed by their own Constable, will be found marked as townships, in the Gazetteer; but the list of townships here introduced, contains only those which were originally recognized as such, and to which the high Constables on the hundreds issue precepts; the others being subordinate to their original townships.

AMOUNDERNESS HUNDRED, contains the following Townships, viz.

Alston, with Hothersall,

Claughton,

Ashton,

Clifton,

Barton,

Eccleston (Great)

Bilsborough,

Eccleston (Little) with Larbreck

Bispham, with Norbreck,

 

Bleasdale Forest,

Elston,

Broughton,

Elswick,

Brining, with Kellemergh,

Fishwick,

Carleton,

Freckleton,

Catterall,

Garstang,

Goosenargh,

Outer Rawcliffe,

Greenhalgh, with Thistleton,

Poulton,

Grimsargh, with Brockholes,

Preesall, with Hackinsall,

Haighton,

Preston,

Hambleton,

Ribbleton,

Hardhorn, with Newton,

Ribby, with Wray,

Inskip with Sowerby,

Singleton, Great and Little,

Kirkham,

Stalmin, with Staynall,

Layton, with Warbreck,

Thayles,

Lea,

Thornton,

Lytham,

Upper Rawcliffe,

Marton,

Warton,

Medlargh, with Wesham,

Westby, with Plumpton,

Myerscough Forest,

Weeton, with Preese,

Newton, with Scales,

Wood Plumpton,

 

Whittingham.

 

BLACKBURN HUNDRED, contains the following Townships, viz.

Aighton, Bailey and Chardgley,

Clayton-in-le-Moors,

Altham,

Clayton-in-le-Dale,

Balderstone,

Clitheroe,

Billington,

Cliveger,

Blackburn,

Colne,

Bolland Forest,

Cuerdale,

Brerecliff, with Extwistle,

Dutton,

Burnley,

Downham,

Chatburne,

Foulrigg,

Chipping,

Great Harwood,

Church,

Hapton,

Haslingden,

Pendleton, Great and Little,

Heyhouses,

Pleasington,

Huntcoat,

Read,

Ighton Hill Park,

Ribchester, with Dilworth,

Little Harewood,

Rishton,

Livesay, with Tockholes,

Rossendale,

Marsden,

Sailsbury,

Mearley,

Samlesbury,

Mellor, with Eccleshill,

Simonstone,

Mitton, Henthorne, and Cole Coats,

Thornley, with Wheatley,

Nether Darwen,

Twiston,

New Accrington,

Walton-in-le-dale,

Old Accrington,

Whalley,

Osbaldiston,

Whitton,

Oswaldtwistle,

Whilpshire, with Dinkley,

Over Darwen,

Wiswall,

Padiham,

Worsthorne,

Pendle Forest,

Worston.

 

LEYLAND HUNDRED, contains the following Townships, viz.

Bindle,

Croston, and Rufford,

Bretherton and Ulveswalton,

Duxbury, and Adlington,

Charnock Richard,

Eccleston, and Heskin,

Chorley,

Euxton,

Clayton, Cuerdon, and Whittle-in-the-Woods,

Farrington, and Howick

Copull, and Worthington,

Heath Charnock, and Anderton,

Hesketh, and Beconsall,

Skevington, and Welch Whittle,

Hoghton, Withnall, Wheelton, and Heapey,

Standish, with Langtree,

Leyland,

Tarleton, Much Hoole, and Little Hoole,

Longton,

Wrightington, and Parbold.

Mawdsley, with Brispham,

 

Penwortham, and Hutton,

 

 

LONSDALE HUNDRED, contains the following Townships, viz.

Aldingham,

Heaton, with Oxcliff,

Alithwaite, Lower,

Heysham,

Alithwaite, Upper,

Holker,

Arkholme, with Cawood,

Hornby,

Ashton,

Kirkby Ireleth,

Bolton,

Lancaster,

Broughton,

Leck,

Buck, with Aldcliff,

Leece,

Burrow,

Melling, with Wreaton,

Cansfield,

Middleton,

Carnforth, and Burnwick,

Nether Kellet,

Caton, with Claughton,

Overton,

Cockerham,

Over Kellet,

Dalton, with Hutton,

Pennington,

Dalton, with Furness,

Poulton, Bare, and Torrisholme,

Ellel,

Quarn Moor,

Farleton,

Scotforth,

Gressingham,

Skirton,

Halton,

Warton,

Slyne, with Hest

Wennington,

Tatham, with Ireby,

Whittington,

Thurnham,

Wray,

Tunstall,

Wyersdale,

Ulverston,

Yealand, with Silverdale.

Urswick,

 

 

SALFORD HUNDRED, contains the following Townships, viz.

Ashton-under-Line,

Hulton, magna,

Barton,

Hulton, parva,

Blackrod, with Aspull,

Hulton, middle,

Bolton, with Hamlets,

Hundersfield,

Bury, with Hamlets,

Manchester,

Butterworth,

Oldham,

Castleton,

Pendleton,

Chadderton,

Pendlebury,

Cheetham,

Pilkington,

Chorlton Row,

Prestwich,

Clifton,

Radcliff,

Crompton,

Reddish,

Edgworth, with Hamlets,

Rivington, Lostock, and Anglezark,

Farnworth, Rumsworth, and Kearsley,

Royton,

Flixton,

Salford,

Harwood, with Hamlets,

Spotland,

Heaton Norris,

Stretford,

Heaton, Horwich, and Halliwell

Tottington,

Urmston,

Turton, with Longworth,

West Houghton,

Withington,

 

Worsley.

 

WEST DERBY HUNDRED, contains the following Townships, viz.

Allerton,

Garston,

Altcar,

Great Woolton,

Ashton, in Makerfield,

Haigh,

Astley,

Hale and Halewood,

Atherton,

Hallsall,

Aughton,

Haydock, and Golbourne,

Bedford,

Hindley, and Abram,

Bickersteth, and Skelmersdale,

Holland, and Dalton,

Billinge, Orrel, and Winstanley,

Huyton and Robey,

Bootle, and Linacre

Ince Blundell, and Little Crosby,

Bold,

Ince, and Pemberton,

Burscough,

Kirkdale,

Burtonwood,

Knowsley,

Childwall,

Latham,

Cuerdley, and Cronton,

Leigh, and Pennington,

Culcheth,

Little Woolton,

Derby, commonly called "West Derby,"

Litherland, Ayntree, Orrel, and Ford,

Ditton, and Penketh,

Liverpool,

Down Holland,

Lowton, and Kenyon,

Eccleston,

Lydiate,

Everton,

Maghull,

Formby,

Melling,

Newton,

Speak,

North Meols, Crosby, and Birkdale,

Sutton,

Ormskirk,

Tarbock,

Parr,

Thornton, and Great Crosby,

Prescot,

Tildesley, with Shackerley,

Rainhill,

Walton, and Fazackerley,

Rainford,

Warrington,

Rixton, and Glassbrook,

Wavertree,

Sankey,

West Leigh,

Scarisbrick,

Whiston,

Sephton, Netherton, and Lunt,

Widness, and Appleton

Southworth, Croft, Middleton, and Arbury,

Wigan,

 

Windle,

 

Winwick, and Hulme,

 

Woolston, and Poulton.

 

E C C L E S I A S T I C A L   J U R I S D I C T I O N.

Lancashire is a part of the Province of York, in the Diocese of Chester, and in the Archdeaconries of Chester and Richmond; and is divided into Deanries and Parishes, in the following manner, viz.

ARCHDEACONRY OF CHESTER.

Deanry of Manchester, contains the following Parishes, viz.

Ashton-under-line, Rectory

of which the Fellows are Rectors, and the Chaplains are Vicars

Bolton-le-moors, Vicarage

Middleton, Rectory

Bury, Rectory

Prestwich, with Oldham, Rectory

Dean, Vicarage

Radcliff , Rectory

Eccles, Vicarage

Rochdale, Vicarage

Flixton, perpetual Curacy; a prebend of Litchfield.

 

Manchester, Collegiate Church

 

 

Deanry of Warrington, contains the following Parishes, viz.

Aughton, Rectory

Prescot, Vicarage

Childwall, Vicarage

Sephton, Rectory

Hallsall, Rectory

Walton, Rectory in the hands of lay impropriators; the incumbent is Vicar

Huyton, Vicarage

Warrington, Rectory

Leigh, Vicarage

Wigan, Rectory

Liverpool, St. Peter's, Rectory St. Nicholas', Rectory

Winwick, Rectory.

North Meols, Rectory

 

Ormskirk, Vicarage

 

 

Deanry of Blackburn, contains the following Parishes, viz.

Blackburn, Vicarage

Whalley, Vicarage

 

Deanry of Leyland, contains the following Parishes, viz.

Brindle, Rectory

Hoole, Rectory

Croston, Rectory and Vicarage

Leyland, Vicarage

Eccleston, Rectory

Standish, rectory

 

ARCHDEACONRY OF RICHMOND.

Deanry of Amounderness, contains the following Parishes, viz.

Bispham, perpetual Curacy

Lytham, perpetual Curacy

Chipping, Rectory and Vicarage

Poulton, Vicarage

Cockerham, Vicarage

Preston, Rectory

Garstang, Vicarage

Ribchester, Vicarage

Kirkham, Vicarage

St.Michael's-le-Wyre, Vicarage.

Lancaster, Vicarage

 

 

Deanry of Furness and Cartmel, contains the following Parishes, viz.

Aldingham, Rectory

Kirkby Ireleth, Vicarage

Cartmel, perpetual Curacy

Pennington, perpetual Curacy

Coulton, perpetual Curacy

Ulverston, perpetual Curacy

Dalton, Vicarage

 

Hawkshead, perpetual Curacy

 

 

Deanry of Kirkby Lonsdale, contains the following Parishes, viz.

Claughton, Rectory

Tunstall, Vicarage

Melling, Vicarage

Whittington, Rectory

Tatham, Rectory

 

 

Deanry of Richmond, contains the following Parishes, viz.

Bolton, in the Sands, Vicarage

 

 

POPULATION OF THE COUNTY OF LANCASTER,

Ascertained by the Census of 1801.

HUNDREDS
and
DIVISIONS.

HOUSES

PERSONS

EMPLOYED

TOTAL of persons

 

Inhabited

containing families

Uninhabited

Males

Females

In trade

In agriculture

 

Amounderness

7348

7828

271

19115

20483

6768

8783

39598

Blackburn

15527

16469

534

43177

45326

42463

4274

88503

Leyland

5413

5746

119

15017

15444

9442

3383

30461

Lonsdale, North Sands

3524

3694

178

8548

9239

2842

4627

17787

Ditto, South Sands

4701

5267

135

12001

13189

4279

5756

25190

west derby

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ormskirk Division

3070

3388

66

8209

8509

1752

6620

16718

Prescot Division

17410

23404

517

50195

60070

16722

5961

110265

Warrington Division

11696

12405

218

30009

32735

30704

4044

62744

Salford

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bolton Division

12060

12412

326

32894

34686

42880

2072

67580

Manchester Division

21615

28603

485

66366

73041

76065

4420

139407

Middleton Division

12330

12780

563

36696

37696

38544

1429

74392

 

114694

131996

3412

322227

350418

272461

51369

672645

 


This gazetteer has been provided by John Turner, Email: JohnMTurner@compuserve.com