GORTON, a township and a chapelry in Manchester parish, Lancashire. The township lies on the Manchester and Sheffield railway, and on the Stockport canal, 3 miles ESE of Manchester; and has a station on the railway, and a post office under Manchester. Acres, 1,429. Real property, £23,030; of which £332 are in gas-works. Pop. in 1851, 4,476; in 1861, 9,897. Houses, 1,813. The increase of pop. arose from the establishment of railway works, and the erection of a cotton mill. There are hat manufactories, chemical works, gum-works, a tan-yard, and a stained paper manufactory. A city gaol of Manchester was erected here in 1856; and a zoological garden is maintained in connexion with the Bellevue inn. The railway here passes 20 feet under the canal. There is a reservoir, of upwards of 70 acres, belonging to the Manchester water-works. The chapelry was constituted in 1854, and curtailed in 1865. Pop. in 1861, 7,017; in 1866, 2,490. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Manchester. Value, £150. Patrons, the Dean and Chapter of Manchester. The church is a brick edifice in the Doric style. There are places of worship for Independents, Baptists, Wesleyans, and Unitarians, a national school, and an excellent boarding school.
John Marius Wilson, Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1870-72)