LEYLAND, a village, a township, a sub-district, a parish, and a hundred, in Lancashire. The village stands near the river Lostock, ¾ of a mile W of the Northwestern railway, and 5 miles S of Preston; is a seat of petty sessions; and has a post office under Preston, and a station on the railway. Fairs are held on 24 March and 26 Oct.; and an agricultural and horticultural meeting is held in Sept. The township comprises 3,651 acres. Real property, 13,658. Pop., 3,755. Houses, 748. The manor belonged, in the time of Edward the Confessor, to the Crown; had then a royal hall and court of justice; and, with Worden Hall, belongs now to the Misses Farmington. Worden Hall stands about ½ a mile S of the village, in a park of more than 300 acres; and is approached through a handsome modern arch-way adjacent to the village. Golden-Hill House is the seat of T. M. Shuttleworth, Esq.; Wellfield is the seat of John Eccles, Esq.; and the Old Hall is a Tudor mansion, now converted into a farm-house. Many of the inhabitants are employed in cotton mills. The sub-district contains the townships of Leyland, Euxton, Cuerden, Clayton-in-le-Woods, and Whittle-in-le-Woods. Acres, 10,182. Pop., 8,768. Houses, 1,739. The parish contains all the sub-district, also the townships of Hoghton, Withnell, Wheelton, and Heapey; and is in Chorley district. Acres, 19,091. Real property, 49,914; of which 556 are in quarries. Pop. in 1851, 13,710; in 1861, 13,684. Houses, 2,667. The ecclesiastical arrangement divides the area into Leyland-St. Andrew, Leyland-St. James, Euxton, Whittle-in-le-Woods, Withnell, Hoghton, and Heapey; but Leyland-St. James includes also a small portion of Croston parish; and it was separately constituted in 1855. Pop. of the whole of this section in 1861, 1,427; of the Leyland portion of it, 1,147. The living of L. St. Andrew is a vicarage, and that of L. St. James is a p. curacy, in the diocese of Manchester. Value of St. A., 1,200;* of St. J., 168. Patron of St. A., the Rev. T. R. Baldwin; of St. J., Miss Farmington. The parochial church, or church of St. Andrew, was mainly rebuilt in 1817; is in the early decorated English style; retains, in its chancel, a fine arch of the previous edifice, together with sedilia and a piscina; includes a chantry chapel of the Ffaringtons, containing brasses and handsome monumental tablets of that family; and has, at the W end, a fine massive tower. The churchyard contains tombstones with crosses of the 13th or 14th century, and others with inscriptions of the 17th. The p. curacies of Euxton, Withnell, Whittlein-le-Woods, Hoghton, and Heapey are separately noticed. Chapels for Independents, Wesleyans, and Roman Catholics are in Leyland township; and dissenting chapels and national schools are in some of the other townships. The Roman Catholic chapel is a plain but spacious edifice of 1846. A grammar school swands at the extremity of the parochial churchyard; is an ancient building; and has an endowed income of 28, transferred to it, by Queen Elizabeth, from the Farmington chantry. A charity school, founded in 1784, is at Golden Hill; and has an endowed income of 21. Alms houses, for six persons, were founded in 1649, and rebuilt in 1849; five modern cottages are near them, the rents of which are appropriated to them; and alms houses for six aged women were founded by Osbaldeston, and have an endowed income of 118. The total yearly value of charities is about 600. The hundred contains Leyland parish and ten other. parishes. Acres, 86,270. Pop. in 1851, 53,641; in 1861, 58,622. Houses, 10,909.

John Marius Wilson, Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1870-72)