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Lytham

LYTHAM, a small town, a parish, and a sub-district, in Fylde district, Lancashire. The town stands on the N shore of the Ribble estuary, at the meeting-point of two branch railways from respectively the Preston and Wyre railway and the town of Blackpool, 8 miles SSE of Blackpool, and 12 W of Preston; is a sub-port to Preston, a watering-place, and a seat of petty sessions; presents a new, neat, and clean appearance; enjoys fine amenities of beach, environs, and climate; has undergone many improvements by a board of commissioners under a local act; and has a post office under Preston, a railwaystation with telegraph, a neat market-house of 1848, a county constabulary station, assembly-rooms, public baths, billiard-rooms, several first-class hotels, a number of respectable lodging-houses, two churches, three dissenting chapels, a Roman Catholic chapel, two endowed schools, two national schools, several good private and boarding schools, a long marine parade, and a long steamboat pier. St. Cuthbert's or the parochial church was rebuilt in 1834; is a neat structure of red brick; consists of nave, aisles, and chancel, with porch and tower; and contains monuments of the Clifton family. St. John's church stands on the E beach; was built in 1850; and is a stone edifice in the early English style. The Independent chapel stands in Westby-street, and is a handsome recent structure. The marine parade was formed by levelling the beach; is 2 miles long; and commands a fine view across the estuary. The pier was constructed in 1865; is 914 feet long; and, besides serving for steamboats from Blackpool, Southport, and other places, forms a splendid promenade. The branch railway from the Preston and Wyre line was opened in 1846; and that from Blackpool was opened in 1863. Lytham Pool, about a mile E of the town, serves as an entrepôt to Preston; accommodates large vessels for the discharging of their cargoes into smaller crafts; and has a graving dock for building and repairing vessels. A custom-house is on the E beach; and a lifeboat station is near. The parish comprises 5,177 acres of land, and 10,365 of water or foreshore. Real property, £15,425; of which £135 are in gas-works. Pop in 1851, 2,698; in 1861, 3,194. Houses, 552. The increase of pop. arose mainly from the attractions of the town as a watering-place. The manor, with Lytham Hall, belongs to Col. John Talbot Clifton. The hall stands on the NW side of the town; was erected between 1757 and 1764: and is a spacious mansion. A Benedictine priory, a cell to Durham abbey, was founded on or near the site of the Hall, in the time of Richard I., by Roger Fitz-Roger; and some remains of it are included in the Hall. A portion of the parish which had a pop. of 1,579 in 1861 was constituted a separate charge, under the name of L. St. John, in 1851. The head living is a vicarage, that of St. John a p. curacy, in the dio. of Chester. Value of the head living, £131: * of St. John, £60.* Patron of both, Col. J. T. Clifton. The sub-district contains also the Poulton-le-Fylde hamlet of Little Marton. Pop., 3,627. Houses, 620.

John Marius Wilson, Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1870-72)

Archives and Libraries

Lytham Library,
Clifton Street,
Lytham
FY8 5EP

Further Local Studies information is held at

St. Annes Library,
254 Clifton Drive South,
St.Annes on Sea
FY8 1NR

Bibliography

The following books contain useful information about the history of Lytham and the surrounding area.
  • The History of the Fylde of Lancashire. John Porter 1876, reprinted by S.R. Publishers Ltd. 1968 SBN 85409 532 2.
  • Sand Grown, The Lytham St Annes story. Kathleen Eyre 1960. Weaver & Youles (Printers) Ltd.
  • Fylde Folk. Kathleen Eyre 1970. SBN 9501373 0 8. J.Brewer & Son.
  • The Clifton Chronicle. John Kennedy 1990. Carnegie Publishing Ltd. ISBN 0 948789 54 9
  • Windmill Land. Allen Clarke 1933. W. Foulsham & Co. Ltd.

Cemeteries

Census

Churches

You can also perform a more selective search for churches in the Lytham area that are recorded in the GENUKI church database. This will also help identify other churches in nearby townships and/or parishes. You also have the option to see the location of the churches marked on a map.

Civil Registration

The Register Office covering the Lytham area is Blackpool & Fylde.

Description and Travel

Information about Lytham in 1850, Lytham in 1907, and Lytham St Annes in 1924

One of the major events in Lytham is the annual Club Day.

You can see pictures of Lytham which are provided by:

Gazetteers

Ask for the gazetteer for a calculation of the distance from Lytham to another place.

Gazetteers

1831, Topographical Dictionary of England, Samuel Lewis

LYTHAM, a parish in the hundred of AMOUNDERNESS, county palatine of LANCASTER, 6 miles (S.W. by W.) from Kirkham, containing 1292 inhabitants. The living is a perpetual curacy, in the archdeaconry of Richmond, and diocese of Chester, endowed with £800 and a rent-charge of £7 private benefaction, £600 royal bounty, and £600 parliamentary grant, and in the patronage of John Clifton, Esq. The church is dedicated to St. Cuthbert. There is a Roman Catholic chapel. A free school was established in 1704, with the produce of various benefactions, which, with others of a later date, yield an income of £104. 18. per annum; the number of scholars varies from seventy to one hundred and twenty. A Sunday school affords instruction to about one hundred children. Lytham is situated on the western coast, on the northern shore of the estuary of the Ribble, and is much resorted to for sea-bathing. Some improvement has taken place within the last few years, by pulling down an extensive range of old buildings, and, after leaving an opening from the Clifton's Arms hotel to the beach, erecting several new houses, among which is a billiard-room. Part of the beach has also been levelled, and a public walk formed along it, affording a pleasing view of the scenery on the southern side of the estuary. About a mile eastward is Lytham pool, a large natural basin, where vessels bringing corn, &c., to the port of Preston, discharge their cargoes into smaller craft; at its northern extremity is a graving dock, for building or repairing vessels. A few of the inhabitants are employed in fishing. Lytham Hall comprises, in its kitchens and out-offices, a portion of the buildings of a Benedictine priory, founded, as a cell to the monastery at Durham, by Richard Fitz-Roger, in the latter part of the reign of Richard I., and dissolved, with the smaller monasteries, by Henry VIII.

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1887, Gazetteer of the British Isles, John Bartholomew

Lytham, town and par. with ry. sta., N. Lancashire, on estuary of the Ribble, 7 miles SE. of Blackpool and 14 miles W. of Preston - par. (containing the greater part of St Annes on Sea), 5310 ac. and 9872 foreshore, pop. 5268; town, pop. 4122; P.O., T.O., 3 Banks, 1 newspaper. Lytham is situated on the N. shore of the estuary of the Ribble, and is a great resort during the spring and summer months. The pier (1864) is 900 ft. long, and there is a splendid beach, also a promenade and marine drive. About a mile to the E. is Lytham Pool, an anchorage of vessels for the port of Preston. The trade of the town is connected with the supply required by visitors.

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1868 - The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland

"LYTHAM, a parish in the hundred of Amounderness, county palatine of Lancaster, 6 miles S.W. of Kirkham, 8 N. of Southport, and 14 W. of Preston, its post town. It is situated on the N. bank of the estuary of the river Ribble, and is the terminus of a branch line of the West Lancashire and Yorkshire railway. The village is mostly modern, and has some good houses. It is well lighted with gas, and possesses every accommodation for the comfort of its numerous visitors, the place being much resorted to in the summer months for its salubrity and facilities for sea-bathing. About a mile to the E. is Lytham Pool, a large natural basin, where ships transfer their merchandise to lighter vessels, to be conveyed up the river to the port of Preston. At the northern extremity of the basin is a graving-dock for building and repairing vessels. Many of the people are engaged in the fisheries. The National Life Boat Institution has a station in the vicinity. A portion of the beach has been levelled, and a public promenade formed along it, affording a view of the scenery on the S. side of the estuary. The tithes have been commuted for a rent-charge of £568. The living is a perpetual curacy* in the diocese of Manchester, value £131. The parish church is a neat edifice of red brick, with a tower, dedicated to St. Cuthbert. There is also the district church of St. John, the living of which is a perpetual curacy,* value £60. The church of St. John is a modern structure. The charities, including the endowment of the free school, produce about £110 per annum. The Baptists, Wesleyan Methodists, and Roman Catholics have places of worship; and, in addition to the free school, there is a good National school, and one belonging to the Roman Catholics. Here are some remains of a priory, founded about the 12th century. Lytham Hall is the principal residence. Colonel Clifton is lord of the manor. Saturday is the principal market day."

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1868 - The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland

"MOSS-SIDE, a hamlet in the parish of Lytham, hundred of Amounderness, county Lancaster, 2 miles N.E. of Lytham, and 6 S.W. of Kirkham. It is situated near the river Ribble's mouth. It is a station on the Lytham branch of the Lancashire and Yorkshire railway."

N.B. The gazetteer is incorrect, Moss Side has never been in the parish of Lytham, it was in Kirkham parish.

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Historical Geography

In the Domesday book the name of the town and parish appears as Lidun, and by the time of King John it then appears as Lethum. The name is now Lytham.

There are now there distinct areas lying within the original Lytham parish, Lytham, St.Annes-on-Sea and Ansdell & Fairhaven. St.Annes is a relatively new town built for the then new fashion of seaside holidays in the western part of the parish. The first stone was in fact formally laid by the squire of Lytham, John Talbot Clifton on 31 March 1875. Ansdell & Fairhaven lies between Lytham and St.Annes.

Details of the administrative areas of which Lytham has been a part can be seen in a Vision of Britain, which contains details of historic boundaries, and more about the place.

You can see the administrative areas in which Lytham has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.

History

The following Facebook groups discuss the past and contain old pictures:

Maps

View maps of Lytham and places within its boundaries.

A modern map showing Lytham in relation to other places in the Fylde.

You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SD366271 (Lat/Lon: 53.736414, -2.962634), Lytham which are provided by:

Probate Records

For probate purposes prior to 1858, Lytham was in the Archdeaconry of Richmond, in the Diocese of Chester. The original wills for the Archdeaconry of Richmond are held at the Lancashire Record Office.

Schools

The records of King Edward VII and Queen Mary schools are held in the AKS Archives. You can browse the archive catalogue to see what is held.

You can also see Family History Societies covering the nearby area, plotted on a map. This facility is being developed, and is awaiting societies to enter information about the places they cover.