St Mary and St John Southworth, Samlesbury - Roman Catholic
St Mary and St John Southworth,
Preston New Road,
Several members of the Roman Catholic Southworth family trained for the priesthood, but the most noteworthy was St. John Southworth, (1592-1654), who may have been born at Lower Hall.
After training at the English college in Douai, Flanders he worked both in England and Brussels. However, his most arduous job would be amongst the plague-stricken families of London in 1636, when 12,102 people died. He helped them regardless of their denomination and despite being imprisoned on a number of occasions, was given considerable freedom and managed to raise money for charitable causes, including 800 crowns for the poor one winter.
His final arrest came in 1654 and although he was found guilty of being a priest, the judges tried for two days to save his life. Vigorous efforts were made to gain him a reprieve, but he was executed at Tyburn during a thunderstorm. John was the last priest to die for his faith in England and the only one to suffer under Cromwell. His shrine is in St. Mary and St. John Southworth's RC Church, Samlesbury and he was canonised in 1970. He now rests in Westminster Cathedral.
Samlesbury must be one of the most venerable names in Salford diocese, associated as it is with centuries of Catholic history, especially in the time of persecution, and with the names of martyrs and confessors. The Southworth family of Samlesbury Hall are remembered for the prisons and fines endured by Sir John Southworth, and for the martyr Blessed John Southworth. The Venerable Edward Osbaldeston belongs to this neighbourhood.
Probably for greater safety the Catholic chapel seems to have been transferred early from the Old Hall to Lower Hall. St. Chad's chapel was at the rear of this. From 1620 this house was the property of the Walmsleys of Dunkenhalgh.
In the worst period of persecution Mass was said in Bessa Wood, no doubt after such outbursts as the priest-hunting that followed the 1745 rebellion. Until recent times traces of the altar, hiding-holes, and look-out holes in the vestry were visible. A tradition that has come down from persecution days says that on one occasion the priest had to swim the Ribble in his Mass vestments.
From the seventeenth to the nineteenth century the mission was served by members of the Franciscan Order. Fr. Michael Harden or Hawarden was here in 1690. During his term of office the Vicar of Blackburn complained in 1709 that Bishop James Smith had held visitation in 1704 and 1709. On the last occasion when the Bishop held a Sunday confirmation, crowds of people went to it. "My curate at Salmesbury chapel tells me he saw multitudes goe that way past his house, some on foot, some on horseback, most of them with little children under their arms." According to the same writer the neighbouring Protestants took no notice.
The following priests served this ancient mission: Richard Collingridge, died here 1732; William Tootell 1749; Robert Painter 1753-1770; Alexius Whalley to 1785; Richard Angelus Ravenhill to 1792; Edward Andrew Weetman to 1798; William Ignatius Casemore to 1802 (in 1801 Fr. Wm. Leo Pilling came to teach in the school but died shortly); John Waring to 1816. Then followed two temporary appointments, Fr. John Bernardine Davison, O.S.F., and Fr. John Turner, O.S.B. At this period a new church was undertaken by the generosity of Squire Heatley of Brindle, to whom the diocese owes several churches. 1818-1828 Fr. John Bell; 1828-1847 Fr. Wm. Carter; 1847-1875 Fr. Wm. Fayer; 1876-1901 Fr. Rd. Gerrard; 1901-1929 Mgr. Wm. Hill. Fr. Gurd, Fr. H. Wearden, Fr. A. Baron, Canon Osmund Woods, Dean Linehan, and Fr. E. A. Byrne have served the parish in recent years.
Taken from "Salford Diocese and its Catholic past", a survey by Charles A. Bolton, a Priest of the above Diocese. Published 1950 on the First Centenary for the Diocese of Salford.
- 1793-1856 held by Lancashire Record Office RCSA
- 1830-1855 held by Lancashire Record Office RCSA
Copies of Original Registers
- 1753-1837 Catholic Record Society held by Lancashire Record Office CRS 23 - Printed
- 1753-1856 held by Lancashire Record Office Searchroom - Printed
- 1793-1856 held by Lancashire Record Office MF 9/203 - Microfilm
- 1950-1962 held by Lancashire Record Office RCSF 2
- 1754-1810 Catholic Record Society held by Lancashire Record Office CRS 23 - Printed
- 1754-1811 held by Lancashire Record Office Searchroom - Printed
- 1830-1837 Catholic Record Society held by Lancashire Record Office CRS 23 - Printed
- 1830-1837 held by Lancashire Record Office Searchroom - Printed
- 1830-1855 held by Lancashire Record Office MF 9/203 - Microfilm
- 1961-1962 held by Lancashire Record Office RCSF 2
- 1831-1989 held by Lancashire Record Office Searchroom - Transcript
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