WALTON-ON-THE-HILL, a village and a township in West Derby district, and a parish partly also in Ormskirk district, Lancashire. The village stands near the Liverpool and Ormskirk railway, 3 miles N of Liverpool; and has a post-office under Liverpool, and a r. station. The township comprises 1,886 acres. Real property, £20,570; of which £100 are in quarries. Pop. in 1851, 2,469; in 1861, 3,598, of whom 679 were in Liverpool borough jail. Houses, 527. Villas are numerous, and in great variety. The Liverpool jail was erected between 1851 and 1861, and has capacity for 627 male and 429 female prisoners. A workhouse, on a site of 22 acres, was erected in 1864, at a cost of £33,000. A cemetery at Anfield comprises nearly 120 acres. The parish contains also Everton, Kirkdale, Bootle-cum-Linacre, Fazakerley, Kirkby, Simonswood, and Formby townships; includes considerable part of Liverpool borough; and is ecclesiastically divided into 36 sections, one of which is Walton-Breck in W. township, and the others of which are noticed in our articles on the other townships and on Edgehill and Liverpool. Acres, 29,233; of which 9,600 are water. Pop. in 1851, 46,302; in 1861, 85,058. Houses, 14,113. The head living, or St. Mary's, is a rectory and a vicarage, and the living of W.-Breck or Trinity is a p. curacy, in the diocese of Chester. Value of St. M., £1,300;* of T., £230. Patron of St. M., J. S. Leigh, Esq.; of T., J. Stock, Esq. St. Mary's church is Tudor; and that of Trinity is recent. There are several dissenting chapels, a Roman Catholic chapel, an endowed school with £47 a year, three national schools, and charities £309.
John Marius Wilson, Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1870-72)