Wigan

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WIGAN, a town, a township, a parish, and a district, in Lancashire. The town stands on the river Douglas, at a convergence of railways, and on the Leeds and Liverpool canal, 15½ miles S by E of Preston; is described to have been, in the time of Henry VIII., "as big as Warrington, but better built;" was the scene, in 1651, of the Earl of Derby's defeat by Lilburne; was visited, in 1745, in his march southward, by Prince Charles Stuart; numbers among its natives Bishop Woolton, who died in 1573, and Dr. Leland, the author of "Deistical Writers;" was chartered by Henry III.; sent members to parliament twice in the time of Edward I., and has sent two since the time of Edward VI.; is governed, under the new act, by a mayor, 10 aldermen, and 30 councillors; is a seat of sessions and county courts, and a polling place; publishes two weekly newspapers; is famous for a great and rich coalfield around it; exports vast quantities of coal and other minerals and merchandise, both by railway and by canal; carries on cotton-spinning in numerous factories, some of them among the largest in England; carries on also the manufacture of calicoes, checks, stripes, ginghams, table-cloths, and other cotton fabrics; has likewise some extensive linen-works, several iron-forges, iron and brass foundries, and manufactories of spades, picks, and edge-tools; occupies several acclivities; consists partly of old, irregular, narrow, crooked streets, and partly of new and well-aligned streets, with many good houses; comprises a main-street nearly 1½ mile long, with streets diverging from it to the right and to the left; and has a head post-office,? two r. stations with telegraph; three banking offices, five chief inns, several bridges, a town hall of 1720, a moot-hall, a public-hall, handsome public offices of 1864, a corn exchange, a theatre, a monumental pillar to Sir T. Tyldesley, a fine ancient parochial church restored in 1856, a handsome church of 1841 with tower and lofty spire, a beautiful church of 1864 with pinnacled tower, two other churches, three Independent chapels, three Baptist chapels, four Methodist chapels, two other dissenting chapels, three Roman Catholic chapels, a mechanics' institution and reading rooms, an endowed grammar-school with 229 a year, a national and blue-coat school, five other national schools, seven other public schools, an infirmary founded in 1869 and estimated to cost about 30,000, a dispensary, a workhouse of 1857 with capacity for 800 inmates, charities 1,199, markets on Mondays and Fridays, and fairs on Holy Thursday, 27 June, and 28 Oct. Acres, 2,161. Real property, in 1860, 107,134; of which 23,538 were in mines, 80 in quarries, and 1,200 in gasworks. Amount of property and income tax charged in 1863, 10,183. Corporation income, about 3,380. Electors in 1833, 423: in 1863, 845. Pop. in 1851, 31,941; in 1861, 37,658. Houses, 6,696. more ...

John Marius Wilson, Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1870-72)

Archives and Libraries

The Wigan Heritage Service provides Archives, Museums and Local History Services for the Wigan area.

Wigan Library, Reference Department, Rodney Street, WIGAN WN1 1D Tel: 0942 827619

Wigan Record Office, Town Hall, Leigh, Lancs WN7 2DY - Tel: 01942 672421 ext 266

Cemeteries

Census

Details about the census records, and indexes for Wigan.

Church History

St Patrick's R.C. church.

Church Records

You can also perform a more selective search for churches in the Wigan area that are recorded in the GENUKI church database. This will also help identify other churches in nearby townships and/or parishes. You also have the option to see the location of the churches marked on a map.

Civil Registration

The Register Office covering the Wigan area is Wigan and Leigh.

Description and Travel

Some more pictures and information about the town.

You can see pictures of Wigan which are provided by:

Directories

Extracts from directories.

Gazetteers

Ask for the gazetteer for a calculation of the distance from Wigan to another place.

Genealogy

ENG-LAN-WIGAN is an e-mail list for Wigan genealogy.

Historical Geography

In 1835 the parish of Wigan contained the townships of Wigan, Haigh, Aspull, Ince in Makerfield, Hindley, Dalton, Upholland, Orrell, Pemberton, Billinge, Winstanley and Abram.

Maps

View maps of Wigan and places within its boundaries.

You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SD581056 (Lat/Lon: 53.545350, -2.633815), Wigan which are provided by:

Occupations

The Maypole Pit disaster 1908.

Poor Houses, Poor law etc.

Poor Law records held at Wigan Archives.

The Workhouse site has an interesting description of Wigan workhouse.

Probate Records

For probate purposes prior to 1858, Wigan was in the Archdeaconry of Chester, in the Diocese of Chester. The original Lancashire wills for the Archdeaconry of Chester are held at the Lancashire Record Office.

Societies

You can also see Family History Societies covering the nearby area, plotted on a map. This facility is being developed, and is awaiting societies to enter information about the places they cover.