Burton on Stather (or "Burton upon Stather") is a parish in the north of Lincolnshire, four miles north of Scunthorpe, four miles west of Winterton and 165 miles north of London. A tiny portion of the parish borders on the River Trent. The parish covers about 3,500 acres and includes the hamlets of Normanby and Thealby within its borders.
The village of Burton on Stather is situated on the brow of a cliff on the east bank of the River Trent. The village is famed for its magnificent views. On a clear day, the towers of York Minster some thirty miles away are visible. Just north of the village is Alkborough Hill, providing viewing points over the rivers and surrounding countryside.
Parts of the parish are floodrisk areas. If you are planning a visit:
By automobile, take the B1430 Trunk Road north out of Scunthorpe.
Campsites are available near the river.
The tall, white sturcture that looks like a funnel, just north of the village, is a water tower.
The waterways bring birds, so birdwatching is a popular pasttime for locals.
In 1342, a Royal Order issued for the detention of spies names Burton on Stather as a port in the County of Lincoln. Historians tell us that Burton Stather was a busier port than Gainsborough, and may have been the busiest port on the River Trent. In 1315, steamers and ferries went back and forth from Hull and the town was developed as a trading port for North Lincolnshire complete with a market and two fairs. Around 1770, a large part of the town was destroyed in a storm and the banks of the river gave way, flooding the rest of the parish. On 20 Feb. 1777 the brig Phoenix caught fire and 20 barrels of gunpowder exploded, unroofing many houses in the village, and damaging the church. In 1836, the banks of the Trent gave way again.
In 1835, the Burton Stather Highway Accounts records there being four miles and 427 yards of road to maintain. In the early 1800's, the Wray and Son shipbuilding company built vessels up to 300 tons. In the 19th and 20th centuries bricks and tiles were made in Burton, and ironstone was mined at Thealby. In the mid 1920's, the Dugout Bus Company started operation in Burton on Stather. The buses had a dark green livery with a light green band, cream upperworks and gold lettering.
In 1987 the village pub, The Sheffield Arms, once owned by the SHEFFIELD family, celebrated its 300th anniversary. The pub, originally known as the Black Bull, had fallen into disrepair and disuse, and was rebuilt in 1903 and renamed in 1905 as the Sheffield Arms.
Richard CROFT has a photograph of the Sheffield Arms on Geo-graph, taken in 2008.
These are the names associated with the Sheffield Arms Hotel (or Black Bull Inn) in various directories:
Stephen SHORTER, vict.
Frederick BROWN, vict.
William STAMP. vict.
William W. TOMLINSON
Wm. W. TOMLINSON, propr.
Another long-established Public House was the Ferry Boat Inn (or Ferry House Inn).
The name Burton is common across England and is from the Old English Burh+tun, for "fortified farmstead". Stather, on the other hand, is from Old Scandinavian stothvar, for "landing places". Or, put together, "fortified farmstead by the landing places".
In the 1086 Domesday Book the parish appears as Burtone and in the 13th century as Burtonstather, close to the modern usage. A. D. Mills, "A Dictionary of English Place-Names," Oxford University Press, 1991
"The Stather" is an area going down the hill toward the Trent bank. There was, in the 1800s, a thriving shipyard building packets. Also a landing stage where the packet from Hull to Gainsborough used to call. There was also a Brickyard there and a ferry across the Trent to Amcotts and Garthorpe.