Parish register entries start in 1564, but Bishop's transcripts reputedly go back another three years to 1561.
The LFHS has published several marriage and burial indexes for the Horncastle Deanery to make your search easier.
The Wesleyan Methodists had a small chapel here, built in 1834. That chapel was converted into a parochial school around 1860. For information and assistance in researching these chapels, see our non-conformist religions page.
Roughton is both a village and a parish in the Wold hills, 4.5 miles south of Horncastle and 102 miles north of London. Dalderby parish lies to the north-east, Kirkby on Bain parish to the south and Haltham parish across the River Bain to the south-east. The parish covered about 1,020 acres in 1815 (part of this was a fen allotment in Wildmore Fen).
Roughton village overlooks the vale of the River Bain to the east as it travels south from Horncastle. On OS maps, the river appears as the "Horncastle Canal". If you are planning a visit:
Take the B1191 south out of Horncastle or east out of Woodhill Spa. Turn south toward the village when you see the signs.
There are camping and caravan park areas south-west of the village.
The name derives from the Old English ruh+ton or Old Scandinavian and Old English combined rugr+ton, meaning either "rough farm" or "rye farm". It appeared in the 1086 Domesday Book as Rocstune. [A. D. Mills, "A Dictionary of English Place-Names," Oxford University Press, 1991].
The Wesleyan Chapel was converted to a school around 1860 and was enlarged in 1872 to meet the requirements of the "Elementary Education Act" of 1870. Another enlargement took place in 1879. In 1882, about 80 children attended, including students from Dalderby, Haltham and Martin parishes.
The school was closed in 1946 due to declining enrollments.