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Caunton

"Caunton is a large but indifferently built village and parish, upon a small rivulet, 5 miles north-east by north of Southwell, and 6 miles north-west of Newark. Its parish has 539 inhabitants and 2,961 acres of land, of which 1,600 acres are in Caunton, 800 acres in Beesthorpe, and 500 in Knapthorpe. These form three separate manors, containing about 176 acres of woods. Lord Middleton and Samuel Hole Esq. are the principal owners of Caunton, and the latter is lord of the manor, and resides in the Manor House, a handsome modern mansion. The church, dedicated to St Andrew, is a vicarage, valued in the King's books at £4 2s 1d, now £140, with Beesthorpe annexed. The Bishops of Ripon and Manchester are joint patrons of the living, the latter of which has the next presentation. The Rev. Samuel Reynolds Hole B.A. is the incumbent. The church is an ancient structure with nave, chancel, aisles and tower, in which are three bells. A stone coffin, dug up in the church-yard a few years ago, stands in the vestry. At the enclosure in 1793, 171 acres of land was awarded to the appropriator, and 124 to the vicar, in lieu of tithes." [WHITE's "Directory of Nottinghamshire," 1853]

Cemeteries

Census

  • The parish was in the Kneesal sub-district of the Southwell Registration District.
  • There exists an 1846 "census" of 125 families done by Richard BRETT, the schoolmaster. Copies are in the Kew Archives. These may only be families with children, but the purpose of his list is not known.
  • The table below gives census piece numbers, where known:
CensusYear Piece No.
1841 H.O. 107 / 865
1861 R.G. 9 / 2474
1891 R.G. 12 / 2709

Churches

You can also perform a more selective search for churches in the Caunton area that are recorded in the GENUKI church database. This will also help identify other churches in nearby townships and/or parishes. You also have the option to see the location of the churches marked on a map.

Church History

  • The Anglican parish church is dedicated to Saint Andrew.
  • The church was originally constructed in the late 12th century, but has been extensively reworked since then.
  • This church was restored and repewed in 1869.
  • The church seats 307.
  • The church is a Grade I listed building with British Heritage.
  • Richard CROFT has a photograph of St. Andrew's Church on Geo-graph, taken in October, 2006.

Church Records

  • The Anglican parish register dates from 1709 for all entries.
  • The Anglican parish register from 1564 to 1709 is missing.
  • The church was in the rural deanery of Southwell.
  • The Wesleyan Methodists had a chapel built here before 1858.
  • The Primitive Methodists had a chapel here before 1858.

Civil Registration

  • The parish was in the Kneesal sub-district of the Southwell Registration District.
  • Civil Registration began in July, 1837.

Description and Travel

Caunton is both a village and a parish about 129 miles north of London, 5 miles north-west of Newark and 7 miles south-east of Ollerton. The parish covers just over 3,100 acres. Beesthorpe and Knapthorpe are hamlets in the parish. Beesthorpe is a manor about a mile west of Caunton village.

Caunton village is on the road between Newark and Ollerton. If you are planning a visit:

  • By automobile, take the A616 arterial road north-west out of Newark. Caunton will be on your right.
You can see pictures of Caunton which are provided by:

Historical Geography

You can see the administrative areas in which Caunton has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.

Manors

  • Beesthorpe Hall was the residence of Captin POLLARD, RN, in 1881, but the property of Samuel Boteler BRISTOWE,

Maps

  • See our Maps page for additional resources.
You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SK745600 (Lat/Lon: 53.131946, -0.887943), Caunton which are provided by:

Military History

  • Peter TURNER has a photograph of the War Memorial by the church entrance on Geo-graph, taken in August, 2012.
  • Inside the church on the south wall there are two framed illuminated Rolls of Honour listing all the men and women of the parigh who served in the two World Wars.
  • In addition there is a brass tablet to a sailor lost in the Boer War.

Military Records

To see the names on the above memorials, see the Southwell Churches History Project site.

Politics and Government

  • This place was an ancient parish in Nottingham county and became a modern Civil Parish when those were established.
  • The parish was in the northern division of the ancient Thurgaton Wapentake (Hundred) in the southern division of the county.

Poor Houses, Poor Law etc.

  • The Common Lands were enclosed here in 1793.
  • As a result of the 1834 Poor Law Amendment Act reforms, this parish became part of the Southwell Poor Law Union.
  • Bastardy cases would be heard in the Newark petty session hearings every other Wednesday.

Population

Year Population
1801 366
1841 539
1851 611
1861 596
1881 401
1901 345

Schools

  • A Parocial School was built here in 1840.
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