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Clayworth

"Clayworth Parish comprises the two townships of Clayworth and Wiseton, which together contain 3,170 acres of land and 627 souls. It is intersected by the Chesterfield Canal, and bounded on the west by the River Idle. The two townships maintain their poor separately, and have both a fertile soil, that of Clayworth being a rich clay, and that of Wiseton a fine red sandy mould. Clayworth is a good village on the east side of the canal, 6 miles north by east of Retford. It contains a population of 474 inhabitants, and 2,076 acres of land. The heirs of the late Peter B. Dickenson Esq. and lords of the manor, and the principal owners are the Rev. John Otter, G.C. Fox Esq., H.B. Simpson Esq., and Mrs Davenport. The church, dedicated to St Peter, is an ancient edifice with a tower, and contains many old monumental inscriptions. The living is a rectory valued in the King's books at £26 10s 10d, now at £604, in the patronage of the Dean of Lincoln, and now enjoyed by the Rev. Thomas Henry Shepherd M.A." [WHITE's "Directory of Nottinghamshire," 1853]

Cemeteries

  • The Cemetery in Clayworth on Church Lane appears to be an extension of St. Peter's churchyard.
  • Jonathan THACKER has a photograph of the Cemetery Lych Gate on Geo-graph, taken in December, 2011.

Census

  • The parish was in the Gringley sub-district of the East Retford Registration District.
  • The table below gives census piece numbers, where known:
CensusYear Piece No.
1841 H.O. 107 / 849
1861 R.G. 9 / 2412
1881 R.G. 11 / 3299
1891 R.G. 12 / 2638

Churches

You can also perform a more selective search for churches in the Clayworth area that are recorded in the GENUKI church database. This will also help identify other churches in nearby townships and/or parishes. You also have the option to see the location of the churches marked on a map.

Church History

  • The Anglican Parish Church is dedicated to Saint Peter.
  • Portions of the church fabric show Saxon origins. Most of the building appears to be 12th or 13th century Norman work.
  • The church was extensively restored in 1874 - 1875.
  • The church is a Grade 1 historical building.
  • Richard CROFT has a photograph of St. Peter's Church on Geo-graph, taken in July, 2006.

Church Records

  • The Anglican Parish register dates from 1540.
  • There is a Rector's book with entries from March 27th, 1676 through 1701, written by Rev. William SAMPSON. The entries continue until 1901, written by various other clerics.
  • The church was in the rural deanery of Retford.
  • The Wesleyan Methodists had a chapel here in 1834.
  • Jonathan THACKER has a photograph of the Former Wesleyan Chapel on Geo-graph, taken in December, 2011.

Civil Registration

  • The parish was in the Gringley sub-district of the East Retford Registration District.
  • Civil Registration started in July, 1837.

Description and Travel

Clayworth is a village, a township and a parish bounded on the west by the River Idle. The parish is 6 miles north of East Retford and 8 miles west of Gainsborough, Lincolnshire. The parish covers 3,080 acres and inclues the hamlet of Wiseton.

If you are planning a visit:

  • The Chesterfield Canal (the River Idle) runs past the western side of the village.
  • Take the A631 trunk road between Gainsborough and Bawtry. Turn south onto the B1403 at Gringley, which will deliver you into Clayworth after about 1 mile.
You can see pictures of Clayworth which are provided by:

Directories

Historical Geography

You can see the administrative areas in which Clayworth has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.

Ask for a calculation of the distance from Clayworth to another place.

History

  • A Roman road ran from Bawtry ran through Scaftwort and Everton to Wheatley and Sturton. St. Peter's Church stands close to the path of the old road.
  • Do you recognize the Clayworth Challenge Cup? What can you tell us about this goblet? Contact the site co-ordinator via the "Find help" link at the bottom.

Clayworth Challenge Cup

Clayworth Challenge Engraving

  • There were several Public Houses in Clayworth over time, like the Brewer's Inn, the White Swan and the White Hart in the 1800s.
  • Richard CROFT has a photograph of the Brewer's Arms Pub on Geo-graph, taken in July, 2006.
  • Richard CROFT has a photograph of the recently closed Blacksmith's Arms Pub on Geo-graph, taken in June, 2011.
  • The Pub appears to have re-opened in 2012. They have their own website, but at last look it was very, very slow. Here are the names of the proprietors or victuallers that appear in avarious directories for the Blacksmith's Arms:
Year  Person
1853 -- not listed --
1869 -- not listed --
1881 Mrs. Jane PARKINSON
1904 Mrs. Jane PARKINSON
1912 Geo. JOHNSON

Maps

  • See our Maps page for additional resources.
You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SK729880 (Lat/Lon: 53.383812, -0.905447), Clayworth which are provided by:

Politics and Government

  • Clayworth and Wiseton were ancient Townships in the parish of Clayworth.
  • This place was an ancient parish in Nottingham county and Clayworth became a modern Civil Parish in December, 1866. At that time, Wiseton township was created as a separate Civil Parish.
  • The parish was in the North Clay division of the ancient Bassetlaw Wapentake (Hundred) in the northern division of the county.
  • You may contact the local Clayworth Parish Council regarding civic or political issues, but they are NOT funded to do family history searches for you.
  • District governance is provided by the Bassetlaw District COuntil.

Poor Houses, Poor Law etc.

  • Bastardy cases would be heard at the Retford petty session hearings held in West Retford.
  • The poor of the parish received a small dole at Easter and Christmas from rent-charges on local land.
  • After the Poor Law Amendment Act reforms of 1834, this parish became a part of the East Retford Poor Law Union.

Population

Year Clayworth Wiseton
1801 420 123
1841 627 -
1851 474 127
1871 434 133
1901 410 154
1991 285 102

Schools

  • The Parochial School was endowed in 1702 by the Rev. Willaim SAMPSON.
  • Clayworth County Primary School is on Church Lane in Clayworth.
  • The primary school is now closed and has been converted to a private dwelling. Children attend Clarborough Junior School.