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Cromwell

"Cromwell is a small well-built village and parish, on the Great North Road, five miles north of Newark, and contains 190 inhabitants and 1,350 acres of land, which were exonerated from tithe at the enclosure in 1772, when 240 acres were awarded to the rector in lieu of tithes.
It was anciently the seat of the Cromwell family, one of who was the Lord Tresaurer Cromwell, who lived in great splendour at Tattershall Castle, in Lincolnshire, in the reign of Henry VI. The Duke of Newcastle is the principal owner, lord of the manor, and patron of the rectory, which is valued in the King's books at £13 2s 3½d, now £420. The Rev. Charles John Fiennes Clinton is the incumbent, for whom the Rev. Samuel Turner officiates. The church is an ancient structure, with a tower and three bells, and has a neat rectory house near. There is a small school in the village, supported by the rector. The feast is on the first Sunday after the 12th of September." [WHITEs "Directory of Nottinghamshire," 1853]

Cemeteries

  • St. Giles, Great North Road, Church of England

Census

  • The parish was in the Kneesal sub-district of the Southwell Registration District.
  • The table below gives census piece numbers, where known:
CensusYear Piece No.
1841 H.O. 107 / 865
1861 R.G. 9 / 2474
1891 R.G. 12 / 2710

Churches

  • St. Giles, Great North Road, Church of England

You can also perform a more selective search for churches in the Cromwell area that are recorded in the GENUKI church database. This will also help identify other churches in nearby townships and/or parishes. You also have the option to see the location of the churches marked on a map.

Church History

  • The Anglican parish church is dedicated to Saint Giles.
  • The church was thoroughly restored in 1873.
  • The church seats 200.
  • Chris ALLEN has a photograph of the Church of St. Giles on Geo-graph, taken in January, 2011.
  • Christine HASMAN has a photograph of the Church of St. Giles on Geo-graph, taken in March, 2004.
  • Richard CROFT has a photograph from the other end of St. Giles Church on Geo-graph, taken in October, 2006.

Church Records

  • The Anglican parish register, which is in fair condition, dates from 1650 for baptisms, 1654 for marriages and 1653 for burials.
  • The London Family History Centre has the Marriages at Cromwell, 1654 - 1837 on microfilm #0496705.
  • The Bishop's transcripts go back to 1626.
  • The church was in the rural deanery of Collingham.

Civil Registration

  • The parish was in the Kneesal sub-district of the Southwell Registration District.
  • Civil Registration began in July, 1837.

Description and Travel

This village and parish are 130 miles north of the city of London and 5 miles north of Newark-on-Trent. The parish covers 1,170 acres

If you are planning a visit:

  • The A1 motorway passes through the edge of the village, just north of Newark-on-Trent.
  • Richard CROFT has a photograph of the Village Hall on Geo-graph, taken in July, 2012. Stop in and ask for a schedule of forth-coming events.
You can see pictures of Cromwell which are provided by:

Historical Geography

You can see the administrative areas in which Cromwell has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.

Maps

  • See our Maps page for additional resources.
You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SK798617 (Lat/Lon: 53.146458, -0.808322), Cromwell which are provided by:

Politics and Government

  • This place was an ancient parish in Nottingham county, and it became a modern Civil Parish when those were established.
  • The parish was in the ancient Thurgarton Wapentake (Hundred) in the northern division of the county.

Poor Houses, Poor Law etc.

  • Bastardy cases would be heard in the Newark petty session hearings every other Wednesday.
  • The Common Lands were enclosed here in 1772.
  • After the Poor Law Amendment Act reforms of 1834, this parish became a part of the Southwell Poor Law Union.

Population

Year Inhabitants
1801 203
1851 190
1901 111