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Harworth

"Harworth Parish is situated at the western verge of the county, betwixt Blyth and Tickhill, and contains upwards of 7,000 acres of land and 1,198 inhabitants, although those who live in Styrrup and Oldcoates are all returned with Blyth parish, in which part of that township is comprehended. The hamlets of Hesley and Limpool, Martin and Serlby are all in this parish, and maintain their poor conjointly with Harworth, which is the only part of the parish exonerated from tithe at the enclosure in 1804, when 108a 1r 36p was awarded to the vicar, and 115a 3r 21p in lieu of the great tithes, appropriated to Shrewsbury Hospital, in Sheffield Park, of which the Duke of Norfolk is trustee. Harworth is a pleasant village, with a small stream running through it, 2 miles east-south-east of Tickhill, and 3 miles west-south-west of Blyth. It contains 595 inhabitants and 1,428a 3r 2p of land, principally belonging to Lord Galway. The church, dedicated to All Saints, is an ancient fabric, built about the 12th century, except the chancel, which was erected in 1672. In repairing the building in 1828, an arched recess was discovered in the wall, with a cupboard containing a garland, a cribbage board, and several other articales of a more sacred character. At the same time a handsome cross was found in the churchyard, and is now placed above the east window." [WHITE's "Directory of Nottinghamshire," 1853]

Cemeteries

Census

  • The parish was in the Carlton sub-district of the Worksop Registration District.
  • The table below gives census piece numbers, where known:
CensusYear Piece No.
1841 H.O. 107 / 849
1861 R.G. 9 / 2420
1891 R.G. 12 / 2645

Churches

You can also perform a more selective search for churches in the Harworth area that are recorded in the GENUKI church database. This will also help identify other churches in nearby townships and/or parishes. You also have the option to see the location of the churches marked on a map.

Church History

  • The Anglican parish church is dedicated to All Saints.
  • The church was built about the 12th century.
  • The church was rebuilt in 1869.
  • The church seats 400.
  • The church is a Grade II structure with British Heritage.
  • Richard CROFT has a photograph of All Saints' Church on Geo-graph, taken in January, 2006.
  • David KELLY has another view of All Saints' Church on Geo-graph, taken in September, 2002.
  • All Saints' Church, Harworth.

Church Records

  • The Anglican parish register dates from 1538.
  • The church was in the rural deanery of Retford No. 1.
  • The Wesleyan Methodists had a chapel built in Oldcotes in 1840.
  • The Methodist Church, Harworth.
  • The Catholic Church built a chapel in Oldcotes in 1871. There may have been a chapel that proceded this one.

Civil Registration

  • The parish was in the Carlton sub-district of the Worksop Registration District.
  • Civil Registration began in July, 1837.

Description and Travel

Harworth is a large village and a parish in the north-west of Nottinghamshire on the border with Yorkshire. It lies 150 miles north of London, 2 miles south-east of Tickhill and 9 miles north of Worksop. The River Idle flows through the parish. The parish covers 4,000 acres and includes most of the townships of Styrrup and Oldcotes (or Alcoates) and the hamlets of Norney, Plumtree, Serlby and Martin. Bircotes is a relatively new hamlet founded in the 1920s after the discovery of coal in the area.

If you are planning a visit:

  • By automobile, take the A1 between Doncaster and Blyth.
You can see pictures of Harworth which are provided by:

Directories

Historical Geography

You can see the administrative areas in which Harworth has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.

Manors

  • Serlby Hall was the seat of Viscount Galway, lord of the manor. It stood 2 miles north of the village.
  • Michael PATTERSON has a photograph of Serlby Hall on Geo-graph, taken in June, 2006.

Maps

  • See our Maps page for additional resources.
You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SK614917 (Lat/Lon: 53.418526, -1.077599), Harworth which are provided by:

Military History

  • J. THOMAS has a photograph of the War memorial on Geo-graph, taken in August, 2011.
  • Alan MURRAY-RUST has another photograph of the War memorial alongside the Main Street on Geo-graph, taken in November, 2014.
  • RAF Bircotes was built within the South Yorkshire border on land that had formerly been part of Nottinghamshire. The airfield opened in late 1941. The field closed in 1948.

Military Records

There are eleven names listed on the Harworth War Memorial. To see the list, go to the Nottinghamshire Gov. site.

Politics and Government

  • This place was an ancient parish in Nottinghamshire and became a modern Civil Parish when those were established.
  • The parish was in the Hatfield division of the ancient Bassetlaw Wapentake (Hundred) in the northern division of the county.
  • In April, 1935, this parish was reduced by 521 acres which went to Blyth Civil Parish.
  • The hamlet of Bircotes is part of this Civil Parish.

Poor Houses, Poor Law etc.

  • Bastardy cases would be heard in the Worksop petty session hearings.
  • The Hospital of St. Mary Magdalen was founded some time before 1316 by Robert MORETON. In 1635 it held two poor widows. The hospital had a chapel where the founder was buried.
  • After the Poor Law Amendment Act of 1834, this parish became part of the Worksop Poor Law Union.

Population

Year Inhabitants
1801 270
1831 526
1851 595
1861 925
1871 632
1881 549
1891 593
1901 554
1911 579
1921 865
1951 7,621

Schools

  • A National School was built in Harworth in 1700. Construction was funded by Robert BRAILSFORD.
  • Mrs. Mary SAUNDERSON funded the school above in 1724.
  • A National School was built in Oldcotes in 1836.
  • A Catholic School was built in Oldcotes prior to 1881.