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Help and advice for Newark on Trent

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Newark on Trent

"Newark-Upon-Trent is an ancient and well-built market town, borough and parish, pleasantly situated in the middle of a fertile district, at the junction of the Great North Road with the turnpikes from Lincoln, Nottingham, Sheffield &c., and on the lines of the Great Northern and Midland Railways, both of which have neat and convenient stations. It is 124 miles north by west of London, 8 miles east of Southwell, 21 miles north-east by east of Nottingham, 20 miles south-south-wast of Retford, and 16 miles south-west of Lincoln, and is the capital of the hundred and deanery to which it gives name. In 1851 it contained 11,330 inhabitants and 2,080 acres of land.
The trade of the town consists principally in making malt, ale, flour, linen and smock frocks, to a considerable extent. There are in the town and neighbourhood several breweries, 20 corn mills, and a considerable number of malt kilns, and an extensive linen manufactory (Hawton Mills), where fine linen is bleached after the irish manner. The malt made in 1851 amounted to 88,065 quarters."
[WHITE's "Directory of Nottinghamshire," 1853]

Cemeteries

  • The Newark Cemetery was formed in 1856 on the London Road. It was enlarged in 1878 and again in 1901. It had two mortuary chapels and covered about 17 acres by 1912.
     
  • The Great War Bulletin for November 23rd, 1914 tells us that the half-dead, decayed and cracked trees by the cemetery entrance were to be removed.
     
  • Richard CROFT has a photograph of one of the Newark Cemetery lanes on Geo-graph, taken in March, 2012.
     
  • Richard CROFT also has a photograph of a Cemetery chapel on Geo-graph, taken in March, 2012. The chapels are no longer used for mortuary services.
     
  • The Cemetery is managed by a burial board of the Newark Corporation.
     

Census

  • The parish was in the Newark sub-district of the Newark Registration District.
     
  • The table below gives census piece numbers, where known:
     
Census
Year
Piece No.
1841 H.O. 107 / 868
1851 H.O. 107 / 2137
1861 R.G. 9 / 2478 - 2480
1871 R.G. 10 / 3542
1881 R.G. 11 / 3376
1891 R.G. 12 / 2713 & 2714

Church History

  • The Anglican parish church is dedicated to Saint Mary Magdalene.
     
  • The church was built in the 15th century.
     
  • The church was restored in 1855.
     
  • The church seats 1,700.
     
  • The parish was also served by the Anglican church of Christ Church in Lombard Street, which opened in 1846 and its ecclesiastical parish was formed in 1847.
     
  • Saint Leonard's at North Gate ecclesiastical parish was formed from St. Mary Magdalene in March 1873. The church was erected near the site of the older church of the same name.
     
  • Saint Leonard's seats 600.
     
  • Saint Augustine's is a Mission Room of St. Mary Magdalene, erected in 1886.
     

Church Records

  • The Anglican parish register dates from 1600.
     
  • The Anglican church register for St. Leanard's dates from 1873.
     
  • The Anglican church was in the rural deanery of Newark.
     
  • The Catholic Church was on Parliament Street and dedicated to the Holy Trinity.
     
  • The Baptist Chapel was on Albert Street and the original 1737 chapel was rebuilt in 1875.
     
  • The Particular Baptist Chapel was on Victoria Street.
     
  • The Congregational Chapel was on Lombard Street, erected in 1826.
     
  • The Methodist New Connexion Meeting Hall was at Barnby Gate.
     
  • The Primitive Methodist chapel was on Parliament Street and was rebuilt in 1878.
     
  • The Wesleyan Methodist chapels were at Barnby Gate and North Gate.
     
  • The Unitarian chapel was on King's Road and was rebuilt in 1884.
     
  • For those interested in more detail on various places of worship, check out Jim Fisher's website.
     

Civil Registration

  • Civil Registration started in July, 1837.
     
  • The parish was in the Newark sub-district of the Newark Registration District.
     

Description and Travel

Newark is a municipality, a township, a market town and a parish. It sits on the Trent River, 15 miles south-west of the city of Lincoln in neighboring Lincolnshire, 17 miles north-east of Nottingham and 124 miles north of London by road. The parish covers 1,889 acres, but the Municipality is much larger than that.

If you are planning a visit:

  • Check out the town at Jimella's site.
     
  • Newark was once a rail hub for passenger service, but the number of trains and railroads has diminished in the last 70 years.
     
  • By automobile, take the A46 trunk road southwest out of Lincoln or take the A1 northwest out of Grantham.
     
  • Bob DANYLEC has a photograph of the Newark Arcade on Geo-graph, taken in October, 2006. Obviously he'd like to see more tourists there..
     

You can see pictures of Newark on Trent which are provided by:

Directories

Gazetteers

Ask for a calculation of the distance from Newark on Trent to another place.

Historical Geography

You can see the administrative areas in which Newark on Trent has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.

History

  • The British tribe that lived here was the Corelitauvi (formerly called the Coritani). They occupied the area of the East Midlands in a loose federation. The Iceni tribe was to the south-west.
     
  • The Romans maintained a station here for some centuries. They called it "Sidnacester".
     
  • When the Viking destroyed the old town, the name of "New Work" was given to the place erected on its site.
     
  • It is thought that Egbert, King of the West Saxons, built the castle here and called this place the "Key of the North."
     
  • Richard CROFT has a photograph of Newark Castle on Geo-graph, taken in October, 2013.
     
  • King John died in Newark Castle on 19 October 1216.
     
  • The Newark Great War Bulletin for August 17, 1914 tells us that young Henry GAINSLEY drowned in the Trent while playing Hide and seek with his brother.
     
  • The Newark Great War Bulletin for June 14th, 1915 tells us that the St. Barnabas Girls' Home in Newark was celebrating its 21st year of operation.
     
  • The Newark Great War Bulletin for August 9th, 1915 tells us that Ellen Martha HENSE was sentenced to hard labour for 6 months as an "alien enemy." It seems that Ellen had been following the military camps without a proper travel permit.
     
  • The Ram Hotel on the Great North Road was a popular spot for travellers passing through Newark.
     

Medical Records

  • The Town and District Hospital, established in 1813 and rebuilt in 1881 on the London Road, had 33 beds.
     
  • In 1912 a children's ward was added with 8 beds.
     
  • It is unknown what patient records may exist in the Archives office. Hospitals were not required to archive patient records. Administrative and Financial records are archived, as are some photographs.
     
  • J. HANNAN-BRIGGS has a photograph of the present Newark Hospital on Geo-graph, taken in November, 2011.
     
  • The Barnby Road TB (Isolation) Hospital was built in the 1906 (technically in Balderton). The property was sold in 1953.
     

Military History

Newark has a Memorial for the Boer War volunteers (1899 - 1902). It was unveiled in late May, 1915 and in the loggia of the Town Hall.

Some people were interned if they were in the wrong country at the wrong time. Walter STANGER was a 43-year-old ship's stoker in the Royal Navy, left behind in the failed attempt to block German intrusion into Antwerp. He was interned in the great internment camp at Kroningen in Holland.

Local volunteers were lucky enough prior to World War One to drill with real, functional weapons. Most other volunteer units often had to use wooden rifles for drill and practice, but the Sherwood Foresters had rifles, shotguns and carbines donated by local farmers and gentry. The use of real weapons made them more effective when they went into battle.

The Great War Bulletin for August 10, 1914 tells us that the young men were lining up to face the enemies, and that local men had "captured" 30 German miners at Harworth.

The Great War Bulletin for December 7, 1914 tells us that:

"MISS STELLA FREEMAN reluctantly returned home on Saturday to her parents at The Chilterns, The Park, Newark, after working for two years in the American Embassy in Hamburg. The 26-year-old said that she left only because the German Government insisted on the removal of all allies who had not been interned; and she wished she had had a more adventurous journey home! Her father, James Rogers Freeman, aged 58, is also a Civil Servant: he is a Customs and Excise supervisor."

Newark contributed to the Great War effort in a number of ways. A local company, Ransome’s Stanley Works, began making ball bearings for airplane engines and other military equipment and were recognized for the fine quality of the bearings they produced. The Great War Bulletin for May 10th, 1915 includes a photograph of the bearing shop.

Newark was also one of the Deport cities and training centers for the Royal Engineers. Alas, the enlisted men had to camp in tents on the Sconce Hills (on the western edge of Newark) and were often cold and damp. Newark officials negotiated a contract with the War Department to be paid for the temporary use of the area. The Great War Bulletin for May 24th, 1915 has a £2. per week quoted in the headline, but the article tells us it was £2 1s and 8p per month.

  • In 1912, Newark was the head quarters of the 4th Battalion (Reserve) of the Sherwood Foresters (Notts Militia). The Territorial Force stationed in the town was A Squadron of the Nottingham Yeomanry and the B Company of the 4th Battalion Sherwood Foresters.
     
  • The Great War Bulletin for December 7, 1914 tells us that two men of West Newark, W. W. STEVENS and H. H. BUTT, had been appointed as "Special Constables" to assist the police force in the event of a German invasion.
     
  • In June, 1915, the town council forbade married men from enlisting. They insisted that single men should be the first to enlist, regardless of occupation.
     
  • Trevor RICKARD has a photograph of the Polish servicemen cemetery portion of Newark Cemetery on Geo-graph, taken in January, 2012.
     
  • David DIXON has a photograph of the Warsaw Air Bridge Memorial at Newark Cemetery on Geo-graph, taken in September, 2013.
     
  • David DIXON also has a photograph of the Polish War Memorial in Newark Cemetery on Geo-graph, taken in September, 2013.
     
  • David DIXON has a photograph of the World War I Memorial in Newark Cemetery on Geo-graph, taken in September, 2013. This is also called the Cross of Sacrifice.
     

Military Records

The Great War Bulletin for September 28, 1914 tells us that:

"Drummer Rowland James BAKER, aged 22, from Albert Street died in hospital in Luton of blood poisoning. He was determined to avoid being sent back home for a blister from marching, so he did not report for medical attention until his pain became unbearable."

The Great War Bulletin for October 12, 1914 tells us that:

Trooper William McLEOD, aged 22, of the 14th Hussars had died of wounds received in the Battle of the Aisne. He was the youngtest son of the widow Sarah Ann McLEOD. Also, Thomas BOWERS of Eldon Place had died while guarding the tubular bridge over the Trent River. He had been hit by an express train. Thomas was 43 years old.

The Great War Bulletin for December 28, 1914 tells us that:

"THERE was only Christmas anguish for Henry and wife Tacey of 102 Northgate, Newark, who have five sons fighting in the British forces around the world. They received a letter from one of them, Fred, on the morning of Christmas Eve to say he was wounded and a prisoner in Germany. They already knew he had been shot through both thighs during the Battle for Mons at the outset of this conflict."

The Great War Bulletin for January 4th, 1915 tells us that:

"Mrs. Annie KIRK of 167 Barnbygate received a letter over Christmas from her 21-year-old son Arthur, an Ordinary Seaman on HMS Glasgow, It was dated 8 November and addressed to both Annie and her husband Herbert Joseph, a boiler man in a maltster’s brewhouse.

“I am still alive and quite all right in every way.“

"No doubt before you receive this letter you will have read about the engagement we had in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of Chili (Chile) and have been a bit anxious to hear whether I was all right or not.“

"I am very sorry to say that we lost the fight but we were not disgraced, thank God as we fought superior ships and were out-numbered by five to three – the Good Hope, Monmouth and Glasgow – and we are the only one left to tell the tale. When we look back on it, it seems a miracle that we were not blown to smithereens as when the other two ships went down, all the five German boats concentrated their fire on the good old Glasgow, and we owe our salvation to our speed, which enabled us to leave the enemy ships behind when they chased us.“

"All aboard our ship wept like children, and the Captain also, when we fell-in next morning to read prayers..."

The Great War Bulletin for October 12, 1914 tells us that William Sergeant GOY ("Sergeant" is his middle name), aged 22, of the Royal Flying Corps was promoted to First-Class Airman Mechanic only two months after joining the Corps.

The Great War Bulletin for June 7th, 1915 tells us that private John William SHAW of the 5th Btln. Lincolnshire Regt. was granted compassionate leave from the front lines to come home to Newark and to tend to his sick wife and their five children. However, once here he caught double pneumonia and died. His wife Louise was well enough to lead the mourners at his funeral.

The Newark Great War Bulletin for June 14th, 1915 reveals that another Royal Engineer trainee, driver Joseph Henry NEVINS, drowned in the River Trent. Also reported was the death of stoker first-class Samuel ASMAN, age 28. He was the son of Richard (deceased) and Mary ASHMAN. The death of private Alfred JOYNES who died at Gallipoli while serving in the Royal Marine Light Infantry was also reported.

The Newark Great War Bulletin for June 28th, 1915 tells us that Mr. and Mrs. Harry REVELL lost their son Robert, age 28, of the 1st Btln. Border Regt. while fighting in Turkey. They will lose another son, Harold, in 1917.

The Newark Great War Bulletin for August 2nd, 1915 reveals that another Royal Engineer sapper's body, Dennis MURPHY, age 36, was recovered from the River Trent.

Officials and Employees

Former Mayor of Newark, Dr. Harry STALLARD, served as a surgeon in World War One in a Field Hospital near the front lines in 1914 and 1915. He was in the Army Medical Corps, but was attached to the 8th Btln, Sherwood Foresters during his tour of duty.

Dr. STALLARD was promoted to Major ten years after being commissioned as Sugeon-Captain of the 8th Battalion Sherwood Foresters.

Politics and Government

  • This place was an ancient parish in Nottingham and it became a modern Civil Parish when those were established.
     
  • The parish was in the southern division of the ancient Newark Wapentake (Hundred) in the southern division of the county.
     
  • You may contact the Newark Town Council regarding civic and political matters, but they are NOT funded to help you with family history searches.
     

Poor Houses, Poor Law etc.

  • The Bede Houses were founded in 1556 and contained 9 aged men and 11 women in 1912.
     
  • St. Leonard's Hospital is actually six almshouses erected in 1890 in Northgate.
     
  • Bastardy cases would be heard in the Newark petty session hearings held twice each week at the Town Hall.
     
  • After the Poor Law Amendment Act reforms of 1834, the parish became the centre of the Newark Poor Law Union.
     

Population

 Year Population
1801 6,730
1841 10,220
1851 11,330
1871 12,187
1881 14,083
1891 14,571
1901 14,992

Schools

  • The Grammar School at Appleton Gate was founded in the 13th century and endowed in 1529 by Thomas MAGNUS. It became a Secondary School under the Board of Education. In 2014 this would become the Magnus Church of England Academy.
     
  • Christ Church School for Boys on Albert Street was built in 1843.
     
  • Christ Church School for Girls (and infants) was on Portland Street.
     
  • The Newark Borough School of Art and Science was in the London Road. It was a red brick structure with a stone portico. In 1912, it had about 200 students.
     
  • In 1838, the Mount School (mixed & infants) opened. It was reconstructed in 1911.
     
  • In 1854, the Portland School for girls & infants opened.
     
  • In 1896, the Victoria Street Infants School (for 180 infants) was opened.
     
  • In 1899, the Lovers' Lane School (mixed & infants) was opened.
     
  • In 1910, the High School for Girls and Pupil Teachers was erected on the London Road.
     
  • There was a Wesleyan School for 390 boys and girls and 350 infants here by 1911, but the date of construction is unkown.
     
  • Holy Trinity Catholic School was on Parliament Street.