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Newark on Trent

"Newark-Upon-Trent is an ancient and well-built market town, borough and parish, pleasantly situated in the middle of a fertile district, at the junction of the Great North Road with the turnpikes from Lincoln, Nottingham, Sheffield &c., and on the lines of the Great Northern and Midland Railways, both of which have neat and convenient stations. It is 124 miles north by west of London, 8 miles east of Southwell, 21 miles north-east by east of Nottingham, 20 miles south-south-wast of Retford, and 16 miles south-west of Lincoln, and is the capital of the hundred and deanery to which it gives name. In 1851 it contained 11,330 inhabitants and 2,080 acres of land. The trade of the town consists principally in making malt, ale, flour, linen and smock frocks, to a considerable extent. There are in the town and neighbourhood several breweries, 20 corn mills, and a considerable number of malt kilns, and an extensive linen manufactory (Hawton Mills), where fine linen is bleached after the irish manner. The malt made in 1851 amounted to 88,065 quarters." [WHITE's "Directory of Nottinghamshire," 1853]

Cemeteries

  • The Newark Cemetery was formed in 1856 on the London Road. IT was enlarged in 1878 and again in 1901. It had two mortuary chapels and covered about 17 acres by 1912.
  • The Cemetery is managed by a burial board of the Newark Corporation.

Census

  • The parish was in the Newark sub-district of the Newark Registration District
  • The table below gives census piece numbers, where known:
CensusYear Piece No.
1841 H.O. 107 / 868
1851 H.O. 107 / 2137
1861 R.G. 9 / 2478 - 2480
1871 R.G. 10 / 3542
1881 R.G. 11 / 3376
1891 R.G. 12 / 2713 & 2714

Churches

You can also perform a more selective search for churches in the Newark on Trent area that are recorded in the GENUKI church database. This will also help identify other churches in nearby townships and/or parishes. You also have the option to see the location of the churches marked on a map.

Church History

  • The Anglican parish church is dedicated to Saint Mary Magdelene.
  • The church was built in the 15th century.
  • The church was restored in 1855.
  • The church seats 1,700.
  • The parish was also served by the Anglican church of Christ Church in Lombard Street, which opened in 1846 and its ecclesiastical parish was formed in 1847.
  • Saint Leonard's at North Gate ecclesiastical parish was formed from St. Mary Magdelene in March 1873. The church was erected near the site of the older church of the same name.
  • Saint Leonard's seats 600.
  • Saint Augustine's is a Mission Room of St. Mary Magdalene, erected in 1886.

Church Records

  • The Anglican parish register dates from 1600.
  • The Anglican church register for St. Leanard's dates from 1873.
  • The Anglican church was in the rural deanery of Newark.
  • The Catholic Church was on Parliament Street and dedicated to the Holy Trinity.
  • The Baptist Chapel was on Albert Street and the original 1737 chepel was rebuilt in 1875.
  • The Particular Baptist Chapel was on Victoria Street.
  • The Congregational Chapel was on Lombard Street, erected in 1826.
  • The Methodist New Connexion Meeting Hall was at Barnby Gate.
  • The Primitive Methodist chapel was on Parliament Street and was rebuilt in 1878.
  • The Wesleyan Methodist chapels were at Barnby Gate and North Gate.
  • The Unitarian chapel was on King's Road and was rebuilt in 1884.
  • For those interested in more detail on various places of worship, check out Jim Fisher's website.

Civil Registration

  • Civil Registration started in July, 1837.
  • The parish was in the Newark sub-district of the Newark Registration District

Description and Travel

Newark is a municipality, a township, a market town and a parish. It sits on the Trent River, 15 miles south-west of the city of Lincoln in neighboring Lincolnshire, 17 miles north-east of Nottingham and 124 miles north of London by road. The parish covers 1,889 acres, but the Municipality is much larger than that.

If you are planning a visit:

  • Check out the town at Jimella's site.
  • Newark was once a rail hub for passenger service, but the number of trains and railroads has deminished in the last 70 years.
  • By automobile, take the A46 trunk road southwest out of Lincoln or take the A1 northwest out of Grantham.
You can see pictures of Newark on Trent which are provided by:

Directories

Historical Geography

You can see the administrative areas in which Newark on Trent has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.

History

  • The British tribe that lived here was the Corelitauvi (formerly called the Coritani). They occupied the area of the East Midlands in a loose federation. The Iceni tribe was to the south-west.
  • The Romans maintained a station here for some centuries. They called it :"Sidnacester".
  • When the Viking destroyed the old town, the name of "New Work" was given to the place erected on its site.
  • It is thought that Egbert, King of the West Saxons, built the castle here and called this place the "Key of the North."
  • King John died in Newark Castle on 19 October 1216.

Maps

  • See our Maps page for additional resources.
You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SK790530 (Lat/Lon: 53.068388, -0.822418), Newark on Trent which are provided by:

Medical Records

  • The Town and District Hospital, established in 1813 and rebuilt in 1881 on the London Road, had 33 beds.
  • In 1912 a children's ward was added with 8 beds.
  • It is unknown what patient records may exist in the Archives office. Hospitalws were not required to archive patient records. Administrative and Financial records are archived, as are some photographs.

Military History

  • In 1912, Newark was the head quarters of the 4th Battalion (Reserve) of the Sherwood Forresters. The Territorial Force stationed in the town was A Squadron of the Nottingham Yeomanry and the B Company of the 4th Battalion SherFor.

Politics and Government

  • This place was an ancient parish in Nottingham and it became a modern Civil Parish when those were established.
  • The parish was in the southern division of the ancient Newark Wapentake (Hundred) in the southern division of the county.

Poor Houses, Poor Law etc.

  • The Bede Houses were founded in 1556 and contained 9 aged men and 11 women in 1912.
  • St. Leonard's Hospital is actually six almshouses erected in 1890 in Northgate.
  • Bastardy cases would be heard in the Newark petty session hearings held twice each week at the Town Hall.
  • After the Poor Law Amendment Act reforms of 1834, the parish became the centre of the Newark Poor Law Union.

Population

Year Population
1801 6,730
1841 10,220
1851 11,330
1871 12,187
1881 14,083
1891 14,571
1901 14,992

Schools

  • The Grammar School at Appleton Gate was founded in 1529 by Thomas MAGNUS.
  • Christ Church School for Boys on Albert Street was built in 1843.
  • Christ Church School for Girls was on Portland Street.