Nottingham, St Mary
"St Mary's parish is the largest of the three parochal divisions of the town,
and county of the town of Nottingham, as it contains about four-fifths of the
buildings and population, and the whole of the forest and burgess lands. It
includes all the buildings and land on the south side of the Leen, betwixt the
Trent and the parishes of Sneinton and Lenton, and all that part of the town on
the north side of the Leen, lying east of Sussex Street, Middle Hill, Market
Street and Fletchergate; whence the boundary turns westward, and includes all
the buildings north of Bottle Lane, Poultry, Timber Hill, Beastmarket Hill,
Chapel Bar and the Park, until it joins the parish of Radford. Its principal
streets are the High Pavement, St Mary's Gate, Stoney Street, Carlton Stret,
George Street, Pelham Street, Clumber Street, Parliament Street, Derby Road and
Mansfield Road. Its most important public buildings consist of the Exchange,
the Post Office, the Town Hall, the churches of St Mary, St Paul, Trinity and
St John; St Barnabas Catholic Church, Wesleyan Chapel, and many other
dissenting places of worship; the Dispensary, the Theatre, the Grammar,
National, Lancasterian and British Schools; Town Gaol and House of Correction
&c.&c. The County Hall and Prison are within the boundary, but the ground on which they stand is exempted from the jurisdiction of the town, by a charter of Henry VI."
[White's "Directory of Nottinghamshire," 1853]
- The table below gives census piece numbers, where known:
||H.O. 107 / 870
||R.G. 9 / 2463
- The Anglican parish church is dedicated to Saint Mary.
- The national grid reference is SK 5641.
- You'll want an Ordnance Survey Explorer map, which has 2.5 inches to the mile scale.
- See our Maps page for additional resources.
- St Mary's parish set up workhouse in 1723 on land between York Street and Mansfield Road.
- By 1808, the building had deteriorated and the parish began to plan for a new workhouse. Initially, a larger site on Dog Kennel Hill was considered, but eventually the replacement was built on the old site at a cost of more than £5,000.
- In 1819, in the midst of a depression and high unemployment in Nottingham, the parish appointed Absalom BARNETT as its full-time Overseer. Barnett introduced a variety of new measures in the parish's treatment of the poor. He ended all wage supplements, allowances for large families, or the payment of rents. Able-bodied unemployed were offered relief through entry into the workhouse.
- Under Barnett's plan, the workhouse capacity of 400 was quickly exceeded and the able-bodied soon were offered employment outside the workhouse. The work was low-paid.
- After the Poor Law Amendment Act reforms of 1834, this parish became a part of the Nottingham Poor Law Union.
- The York Street workhouse was demolished in 1896 to make way for the Victoria Station.
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[Last updated: 19-October-2011 - Louis R. Mills]