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Nottingham

"Nottingham, the principal seat and emporium of the lace and hosiery manufactures, is an ancient, populous and well-built market and borough town, as well as being the capital of the shire and archdeaconry to which it gives its name, It is in the diocese of Lincoln, and in the midland circuit of England. It occupies a picturesque situation on a sandy rock, which rises in broken declivities, and in some places in precipitous, above the north bank of the little River Leen which, at a short distance to the south-east, falls into the River Trent, near the opposite locks of the Grantham and Nottingham canals, and a little below that magnificent and noble structure, the Trent bridge, which is connected to Nottingham by a flood road, raised at great expense above the intervening meadows, which are often subject to inundation. There is great reason to believe that anciently the River Trent covered all the vale, and that the tide flowed up to Nottingham, which certainly is one of the most ancient towns in England, but its origin is hid in the impenetrable gloom which is cast over the aborigines of Britain.
The town holds a central situation betwixt Newcastle-upon-Tyne and Portsmouth to the north and south, and betwixt Newcastle-under-Lyne and Boston to the west and east. It is in the south-western division of Nottinghamshire, at the junctions of the hundreds of Broxtow, Thurgarton and Rushcliffe, at a distance 125 miles north-west of London, 80 miles south of York, 20 miles south-west by west of Newark, 14 miles south of Mansfield, 15 miles north by east of Derby, 27 miles north of Leicester, and 39 miles south by east of Sheffield, and is at 53 degrees north latitude, and at 1 degree 13 minutes west longitude from the meridian of Greenwich."
[White's "Directory of Nottinghamshire," 1853]

Archives and Libraries

The Local Studies Library has family history resources:

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Cemeteries

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Census

Census
Year
Piece No.
1841 H.O. 107 / 869 - 871
1861 R.G. 9 / 2457
1871 R.G. 10 / 3513
1881 R.G. 11 / 3351
1891 R.G. 12 / 2692
1901 R.G. 13 / 3180 thru 3187
& 3191
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Church Records

There were three Anglican parishes in Nottingham (taken from White's 1853 Directory and provided by [John MELLORS]:

  1. St Mary's Parish - largest of the three parochial divisions of the Town, and county of the Town of Nottingham as it contains about four fifths of the buildings and population. It includes all of the buildings and land on the south side of the (River) Leen, betwixt the Trent and the parishes of Sneinton & Lenton; and all that part of the town on the North Side of the Leen, lying east of Sussex St, Middle Hill, Market St, & Fletchergate; whence its boundary turns westward, and includes all the buildings north of Bottle Lane, Poultry, Timber Hill, Beast Market Hill, Chapel Bar, and the Park until it joins the parish of Radford.

  2. St Nicholas Parish - averages about 500 yds in length and 250 in breadth. It is bounded on the West by Brewhouse Yard, the Castle Wall, Standard Hill, the General Infirmary and Park Row; and on the North by Chapel Bar, Angel Row & Beast Market Hill; whence its boundary, including the greater part of Friar Lane passes in an irregular line behind the Friends Meeting House and Independent Chapel across Castle Gate to Greyfriar Gate down which it passes to the Leen; which forms the southern limit of the parish.

  3. St Peter Parish - the smallest of the 3 is encompassed by St Mary & St Nicholas parishes and averages about 450 yards in length and 200 yards in breadth. It extends from Timber Hill, the Poultry, and Bottle Lane to the North Bank of the Leen and is bounded on the east by Sussex St, Middle Hill, Middle Pavement and the buildings behind Market St & Fletcher Gate; and on the West by Grey Friar Gate, the Independent Chapel and Friends Meeting House and the North end of Friar Lane.

Holy Trinity parish was formed in 1842. The church is in Milton Street.

All Saints parish was created out of St. Mary's parish in November, 1864. The church was in Raleigh Street. It will seat 830.

Saint Ann's parish was created out of St. Mary's parish in May, 1865 and extends part-way into Basford parish. The church was in St. Ann's Well Road and was built in 1864. It will seat 1,200.

Emmanuel parish was created out of St. Ann's parish in 1886. The church was on Woodborough Road and was built in 1884-85.

Saint Bartholomew's parish was created out of St. Ann's parish in 1905. The church was on Blue Bell Hill and was built in 1902.

Saint Matthew's parish was created out of St. Mary's parish in 1856. The church was in Talbot Street and opened in 1853.

Saint Paul's parish was created out of St. Mary's parish in February, 1839. The church was in George Street, built in 1822. The register dates from 1839.

Saint Philip's parish was created out of St. Luke's parish in February, 1880. The church was in Pennyfoot Street, built in 1879. The register dates from 1880.

Saint Saviors parish was created out of St. Mary's parish in May, 1865. The church was in Arkwright Street, built in 1865.

Saint Stephen's parish was created out of St. Mary's and St. Matthew's parishes in April, 1869. The church was in Lower Parliament Street and was rebuilt in Bobbers Mill road in 1898.

Saint Thomas's parish was created out of St. Matthew's, St. Niocholas and St. Peter's parishes in 1873. The church was in Park Row.

In the late 1800s an additional parish, St. George in the Meadows, opened down by the River Trent. Construction started in 1887 and the church opened for services in 1888. The chancel was added in 1897 and the Lady Chapel in 1911. This church is now a Grade II listed structure by British heritage. The parish is on the south side of the city, but north of the River Trent, in the area known as "The Meadows".

There is a copy of the BADDER & PEAT 1745 map which shows the streets. For more detail, see:

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Civil Registration

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Correctional Institutions

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Description and Travel

Nottingham is a city and unitary authority in the East Midlands of England. Nottingham is famed for its links to the legend of Robin Hood.

If you are planning a visit:

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Directories

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Genealogy

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Maps

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Medical Records

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Military History

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Military Records

David LITCHFIELD contributes this William Crane School list of students who went off to World War II.

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Newspapers

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Occupations

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Politics and Government

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Poorhouses, Poor Law, etc.

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Schools

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