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"Scrooby Parish is within the North Soke of the archiepiscopal Liberty of Southwell and Scrooby, betwixt and near the confluence of the rivers Idle and Ryton. It contains 271 inhabitants, and 1,523 acres of land. The common was enclosed in 1775, when 160a 3p were alloted to the improprietor, and 34a 2r 22p to the vicar, in lieu of all the tithes of the parish, except those which are still paid on 319 acres of old enclosure.
Scrooby is a neat pleasant village on the south bank of the River Ryton, on the east side of the Great North Road and the Great Northern Railway, which has a small station here. It lies 1½ miles south of Bawtry, and now consists of a few farm houses and cottages, The church is dedicated to St Wilfred, and is a neat structure which possesses none of its ancient grandeur, except its lofty spire, which was greatly injured by lightning on Sunday, August 7th 1831, but has since been substantially repaired." [WHITE's "Directory of Nottinghamshire," 1853]



  • The parish was in the Gringley sub-district of the East Retford Registration District.
  • There are some THEAKER surnames in this parish. Some of these are record in this 1901 census extract website.
  • The table below gives census piece numbers, where known:
CensusYear Piece No.
1841 H.O. 107 / 851
1851 H.O. 107 / 2121
1861 R.G. 9 / 2412
1891 R.G. 12 / 2638


You can also perform a more selective search for churches in the Scrooby area that are recorded in the GENUKI church database. This will also help identify other churches in nearby townships and/or parishes. You also have the option to see the location of the churches marked on a map.

Church History

  • Many old Directories, like White's (below) refer to the Anglican parish hurch as Saint Wilfred. The currently accepted spelling is St. Wilfrid.
  • The church dates from the late medieval period.
  • Steve FAREHAM has a photograph of St. Wilfrid's Church on Geo-graph, taken in November, 2008.

Civil Registration

  • The parish was in the Gringley sub-district of the East Retford Registration District.
  • Civil Registration started in July, 1837.

Description and Travel

The BBC tells us: "Scrooby is only a sleepy little village, but for American historians this is the place where some of the guiding principles of the US political and judicial system hail from."

If you are planning a visit:

  • If traveling by car, mind the speed limits on the A638, which runs through the village. Residents of the village have complained to the local authorities and police about speeding motorists.
  • Look up bus and coach services on the Carlberry websire for local transportation.
You can see pictures of Scrooby which are provided by:


Historical Geography

You can see the administrative areas in which Scrooby has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.



  • See our Maps page for additional resources.
You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SK650900 (Lat/Lon: 53.402817, -1.023789), Scrooby which are provided by:

Military History

  • The Scrooby War Memorial stands in the churchyard of St. Wilfrid's Church.
  • There is a photograph of the War Memorial on the Scrooby Net site.

Names, Geographical

  • The name means "Skropi's farmstead". Taken from old Scandinavian 'by', or farmstead, and 'Skropi', a person's name.
  • The name Scrooby also appears as Scrubey.

Politics and Government

  • This place was long a Liberty (Southwell and Scrooby) in county Notingham.
  • The parish was in the ancient Bassetlaw Wapentake (Hundred) in the northern division of the county.

Poor Houses, Poor Law etc.

  • Bastardy cases would be heard at the Retford petty session hearings held in West Retford.
  • After the Poor Law Amendment Act reforms of 1834, this parish became a part of the East Retford Poor Law Union.


Year Inhabitants
1801 225
1851 271
1871 203
1881 196
1891 219
1901 181

Postal and Shipping Guides

The Postal code for Scrooby is DN10.