The House of Correction in the Burgage part of the town served as a "Bridewell" for the whole county. A new structure went up in 1808 on the site of the old one, and a new wing was added in 1868. Altogether there were 118 cells with officer and warders' quarters. The wole prison could accomodate 132 males and 18 females in 1881.
It is unknown if any rosters of prisoners were archived, but court and petty session records may show if any of your relatives were inmates here. The Census returns are the likliest places to find individual incarcerated between 1841 and 1901.
Southwell is a parish, a township and a market town. The town sits on high ground on the western bank of the little River Greet, a tributary of the River Trent. The parish is 132 miles north of the city of London, 7 miles west of Newark, 14 miles north of Nottingham city and covers 5,645 acres.
If you are planning a visit:
The A1 motorway used to run through the village but a modern bypass now skirts the place.
You can see pictures of Southwell which are provided by:
This place was an ancient parish in county Nottingham and it became a modern Civil Parish when those were established.
The parish was in the southern division of the ancient Thurgarton Wapentake (Hundred) in the southern division of the county.
The town was divided into five constablewicks: High Town, Burgage, East Thorpe, West Thorpe and Normanton. The town had four "parks": Hexgrave, Stockerton, Norwood and Southwell. These "parks" had been the property of the Archbishop of York and were enclosed and cultivated as farms.
Between 1836 and 1837, the parish was in the Southwell and Scrooby Liberty.
In October, 1877, this parish gave up Upper and Lower Hexgrave to enlarge Farnsfield Civil Parish.