1831, Topographical Dictionary of England, Samuel Lewis
FRAMLINGHAM, a market-town and parish in the hundred of LOES, county of SUFFOLK, 18 miles (N.E.byN.) from Ipswich, and 87 (N.E.) from London, containing 2327 inhabitants. This place is of very remote antiquity, having been one of the chief towns of the Iceni, a British tribe in alliance with the Romans, to whom their king, Prasatagus, bequeathed a part of his dominions, in the hope of securing to his queen, Boadicea, the undisturbed possession of the remainder. On the death of Prasatagus, the Roman procurator took possession of the whole, and on Boadicea's remonstrating, ordered her to be scourged like a slave, and violated the chastity of her daughters. Boadicea, in revenge for this outrage, excited the Trinobantes and other tribes to revolt, and heading her own forces with masculine intrepidity, obtained a victory over the Romans, of whom seventy thousand were slain in battle, though she was subsequently defeated and lost her life, or, as some say, took poison. At what time the castle was originally built is uncertain, but it is a very ancient structure, and it is known that a fortress existed here in the time of Redwald, third king of the East Angles, who occasionally retired to it from his court at Rendlesham. The castle was also the retreat of King Edmund the Martyr, who, when pursued by the Danes, fled from Dunwich, and took refuge within its walls, whence endeavouring to escape, when closely besieged, he was overtaken, and beheaded at Hoxne. In 1173, it became the temporary asylum of Prince Henry, whom Queen Eleanor, his mother, had incited to rebel against his father, Henry II. And upon the death of Edward VI., in 1553, Mary retired to this castle, where she was joined by the inhabitants of Suffolk and the neighbouring counties, who, to the number of thirteen thousand, accompanied her to London, to take possession of the crown. The castle was a spacious and noble structure, the surrounding walls including an irregular quadrilateral area of nearly an acre and a half; they were forty-four feet in height, and eight feet in thickness, defended by thirteen square towers of considerably greater elevation, of which, one towards the east, and one towards the west, were watch-towers: the whole was surrounded by a double moat, over the inner of which was a draw-bridge.