"ABBOTS-HALL, near Stowmarket, in the hundred of Stow, and county of Suffolk 12 miles from Ipswich, and 81 from London by East Union railway. It receives the first affix of its name from having been given by Henry II. to St. Osyth's Abbey."
"BABERGH HUNDRED, one of the 21 hundreds or subdivisions of the county of Suffolk, situated in the western division, and bounded on the N. by the hundreds of Thingoe and Thedwestry; on the E. by the hundred of Cosford; on the S. by the county of Essex; and on the W. by the hundred of Risbridge. It contains the borough of Sudbury and the following parishes:-Acton, Alpheton, Assington, Boxted, Brent-Eleigh, Cavendish, Chilton, Cockfield, Great Cornard, Little Cornard, Edwardstone, Glemsford, Groton, Hartest, Lavenham, Lawshall, Long Melford, Milden, Monks-Eleigh, Nayland, Newton, Polstead, Preston, Shimpling, Somerton, Stanstead, Stoke-by-Nayland, Great Waldingfield, Little Waldingfield, and Wiston; with portions of Boxford and Bure. The hundred comprises an area of about 68,380 acres."
"BACK, a hamlet within the limits of the borough of Ipswich, in the county of Suffolk, near Ipswich."
"BEDFORD LEVEL, an extensive tract of flat marshy ground, also called the Fens, on the eastern coast of England, comprising parts of the six counties of Lincoln, Northampton, Huntingdon, Cambridge, Norfolk, and Suffolk. It is situated to the south of the Wash, extending from the river Welland, in the south-east part of Lincolnshire, to Milton, in Cambridgeshire; and from Peterborough, on the river Nen, in Northamptonshire, to Brandon, on the little Ouse, in Suffolk. It is about 40 miles in length from N. to S., and the same in its greatest breadth. The Level is divided into three parts, the North, Middle, and South Levels. The first is the district lying between the rivers Welland and Nen; the second, that between the Nen and the old Bedford river; and the third, that which lies to the south-east of the old Bedford river. The area of the Level is estimated at about 400,000 acres. Above half of that area is comprised in the Isle of Ely. When the Romans invaded Britain, the whole of this district, it is believed, was a great marsh, and its surface was considerably lower than at present. Roman ways were formed across its site, one of which is still to be seen. Writers of the 12th century describe the Fens as being at that time a most fruitful and agreeable country, with lakes and many rivers, woods, and orchards. But in the following century it was all changed; for in the year 1236, on occasion of a fierce storm which lasted above a week, the sea broke in and spread destruction over the country. Similar calamities occurred several times in subsequent years; the natural drainage was stopped, and the whole district again became a morass. In some parts it was covered with stagnant water above ten feet deep, and boats were necessary for communication between the towns and villages. In the 15th century, the first attempts were made to drain the Fens. One of these was Bishop Morton's Cut, from Peterborough to Guyhirn, 40 feet in width, and now forming part of the river Nen. After several other failures, the task was undertaken afresh in the reign of Charles I., by Francis, Duke of Bedford. A charter was granted to the company formed under the presidency of that nobleman, and in three years their proposed works were completed. It was in honour of this important undertaking for the drainage of the Fens that they have since been called the Bedford Level. Fresh works, however, soon became necessary, and in 1664 the company received a charter of incorporation, with all necessary powers and regulations for maintaining and improving them. They are styled the Corporation of Bedford Level, and consist of a governor, 6 bailiffs, 20 conservators, and a commonalty. The principal cuts formed under their management are, the Old and New Bedford Rivers, Bevil's River, Sam's Cut, Peekirk, South-eau, and other great drains, besides many smaller ones. The most important recent works are the following:-A new channel; 6½ miles long, for the outfall of the Nen, by which a larger area has been reclaimed, and the Wisbeach navigation much improved; a new communication opened between Lincolnshire and Norfolk by a bridge over that channel, and a long bank across the sands at Sutton Wash; a new drain for the waters of the North Level; a new cut, 11 miles long, for the drainage of the Middle Level; and works for the drainage of Whittlesea Mere. The cost of the Nen outfall was £200,000; that of the new drain for the North Level, £150,000. The Old and New Bedford rivers, which run parallel to each other, are 21 miles in length and 1 mile apart. The former is 70, the latter 100 feet wide. They extend from Earith in Cambridgeshire, to near Downham in Norfolk."
"BISHOP WYCKS, a hamlet in the liberty of the borough of Ipswich, in the county of Suffolk, near Ipswich."
"BLACKBOURN HUNDRED, one of the 21 hundreds or subdivisions of the county of Suffolk, situated in the western division of the county, and bounded on the N. by the county of Norfolk, on the E. by the hundred of Hartismere, on the S. by the hundreds of Stowe, Thingoe, and Thedwestry; and on the W. by the hundred of Lackford. It contains the following parishes:- Great Ashfield, Badwell-Ash, Bardwell, Barnham, Barningham, Culford, Elmswell, Euston, Fakenham Magna, Hepworth, Hinderclay, Honington, Hopton, Hunton, Ingham, Ixworth, Knettishall, Langham, Livermere Parva, Norton, Rickinghill Inferior, Sapiston, Stanton, Stowlangtoft, West Stow, Thelnetham, Thorpe-by-Ixworth, Troston, Walsham, Wattisfield, Coney Weston, Market Weston, and Wordwell, with part of Rushford. The hundred extends over an area of about 67,370 acres."
"BLYTHING HUNDRED, one of the 21 hundreds or subdivisions of the county of Suffolk, situated in the east division of the county, and bounded on the N. by the hundreds of Wangford and Mutford and Lothingland, on the E. by the North Sea, on the S. by the hundred of Plomesgate, and on the W. by the hundred of Hoxne. It comprises the following parishes: Aldringham, Binacre, Blythburgh, Blytheford, Bramfield, Brampton, Chediston, Cookley, South Cove, Cratfield, Darsham, Dunwich, Easton-Bavents, Frostenden, Halesworth, Heveningham, Holton, Huntingfield Knodishall, Leiston, Linstead, Linstead Parva, Middleton, North Hales, Peasenhall, Reydon, Rumburgh, Sibton, Sotherton, Southwold, Spexhall, Stoven, Theberton, Thorington, Ubbeston, Uggleshall, Walberswick, Walpole, Wangford, Wenhaston, Westhall, Westleton, Wissett, Wrentham, and Yoxford, with parts of the parishes of Henstead and Henham. The hundred extends over an area of about 83,850 acres. This hundred, with the additional parishes of Carlton and Kelsale, is constituted a Poor-law Union. The Union house is at Bulcamp, in the parish of Blythburgh."
"BOSMERE AND CLAYDON HUNDRED, one of the 21 hundreds or subdivisions of the county of Suffolk, situated in the eastern division of the county, and bounded on the N. by the hundreds of Hartismere and Thredling, on the E. by the hundred of Carlford, on the S. by the liberty of Ipswich, and the hundred of Samford, and on the W. by the hundreds of Cosford and Stow. It contains the following parishes: Akenham, Ash Bocking, Badley, Barham, Barking, Battisford, Baylham, Great Blakenham, Little Blakenham, Great Bricett, Claydon, Coddenham, Creeting All Saints, Creeting St. Mary, Creeting St. Olave, Crowfield, Flowton, Gosbeck, Helmingham, Helmingstone, Henley, Mickfield, Nettlestead, Offton, Ringshall, Somersham, Stoneham Aspall, Earl Stoneham, Little Stoneham, Swilland, and Willisham, with parts of the parishes of Westerfield, Whitton, and Bramford. The small lake (mere) from which this hundred took its name is in the neighbourhood of Needham Market. The union of the two hundreds of Bosmere and Claydon took place in 1765. This hundred has been constituted a Poorlaw Union; but the limits of the latter do not exactly coincide with those of the former. The Union house is at Barham. The hundred comprises an area of about 60 640 acres."
"CARLFORD HUNDRED, one of the 21 hundreds or subdivisions of the county of Suffolk, situated in the east parliamentary division of the county, and bounded on the N. and N.W. by the hundred of Bosmere and Claydon; on the E. by the hundreds of Loes and Wilford; on the S. by the hundred of Colneis; and on the W. by the liberty of Ipswich. It contains the parishes of Great Bealings, Little Bealings, Brightwell, Burgh, Clopton, Culpho, Foxhall, Grundisburgh, Hasketon, Kesgrave, Martlesham, Newbourne, Otley, Playford, Tuddenham, Waldringfield, and Witnesham, and part of the parish of Rushmere. The hundred extends over an area of about 22,500 acres."
"COLNEYS, a hundred in the S.E. portion of the county of Suffolk; contains the parishes of Felixstowe, Hemley, Bucklesham, Falkenham, Kirton, Levington, Nacton, St. Martin's Trimley, St. Mary's Trimley, and Walton, comprising 17,460 acres. It gives name to a deanery in the archdeaconry of Suffolk and diocese of Norwich."
"COSFORD, a hundred in the southern division of the county of Suffolk, contains the parishes of Challesworth, Aldham, Hadleigh, Elmsett, Bildeston, Brettenham, Hitcham, Lindsay, Kettlebaston, Kersey, Layham, Nedging, Naughton, Morieux Thorpe, Semer, Whatfield, Wattisham, and part of Boxford, comprising 30,640 acres. It gives name to a Poor-law Union and superintendent registration district."
"HARTISMERE, a hundred in the county of Suffolk. It contains the parishes of Aspall, Bacton, Braiseworth, Brome, Burgate, Cotton, Eye, Finningham, Gislingham, Mellis, Mendlesham, Oakley, Occold, Palgrave, Redgrave, Redlingfield, Rickinghall Superior, Rishangles, Stoke Ash, Stuston, Thorndon, Thorham Magna, Thornham Parva, Thrandeston, Thwaite, Westhorpe, Wetheringsett, Wickham Skeith, Wortham, Wyverstone, and Yaxley, comprising 55,240 acres. It gives name to a deanery in the archdeaconry of Suffolk and diocese of Norwich; also to a Poor-law Union and superintendent registry district."
"HOXNE, a hundred in the county Suffolk, contains the parishes of Athelington, Badingham, Bedton, Bedingfield, Brundish. Carlton, Denham, Dennington, Fressingfield, Hoxne, Norham, Kelsale, Laxfield, Metfield, Monk-Soham, Saxtead, Southolt, Stradbroke, Syleham, Tannington, Weybread, Wilby, Wingfield, Withersdale, Worlingworth, and part of Mendham, comprising an area of 53,070 acres."
"LACKFORD, a hundred in county Suffolk, contains the parishes of Barton-Mills, Brandon, Cavenham, Downham-Santon, Elveden, Eriswell, Exning, Freckenham, Herringswell, Icklingham, Lakenheath, Mildenhall, Newmarket St. Mary, Tuddenham, Wangford, Worlington, and part of St. Cuthbert, comprising 79,800 acres."
"LARKE, a river rising near Rushbrook, in county Suffolk, and joining the Ouse near Ely, in Cambridgeshire."
"LOES, a hundred, being one of the 23 subdivisions of county Suffolk. It is situated in the south-eastern part of the county, and is bounded on the N. by the hundred of Carlford, on the E. by the river Deben, on the S. by the hundred of Colners, and on the W. by the liberty of Ipswich. It includes the parishes of Brandeston, Butley, Campsey, Ash, Charsfield, Cretingham, Earl Soham, Easton, Eyke, Framlingham, Hacheston, Hoo, Kenton, Kettleburgh, Letheringham, Marlesford, Monewden, Rendlesham, and Woodbridge, comprising an area of 33,290 acres."
"LOTHINGLAND WITH MUTFORD, a subdivision of county Suffolk, consisting of the two hundreds united. It is situated in the north-eastern part of the county, and bounded on the N. by Breydon Water, on the E. by the German Ocean, on the S. by the hundred of Blything, and on the W. by the hundred of Wangford, county Norfolk, and river Waveney. It includes the borough of Yarmouth, and the parishes of Ashby, Barnby, Belton, Blundeston, Bradwell, Burgh Castle, Carlton Colville, Corton, Flixton, Fritton, Gisleham, Gorleston, Gunton, Herringfleet, Hopton, Kessingland, Kirkley, Lound, Lowestoft, Mutford, Oulton, Pakefield, Rushmere, and Somerleighton, comprising an area of about 32,960 acres.
"MUTFORD AND LOTHINGLAND, a hundred in the county of Suffolk, contains the borough of Yarmouth, and the parishes of Ashby, Barnby, Belton, Blundeston, Bradwell, Burgh-Castle, Carlton-Colville, Corton, Flixton, Fritton, Gisleham, Gorleston, Gunton, Herringfleet, Hopton, Kessingland, Kirkley, Lound, Lowestoft, Mutford, Oulton, Pakefield, Rushmere, and Somerleighton, comprising an area of 32,960 acres. It gives name to a Poor-law Union embracing the hundred, and to a superintendent registry district."
"ORFORDNESS, a promontory on the coast of county Suffolk, in N. lat. 52° 5', and E. long. 1° 34', 2 miles E. of Orford. It is marked by the Orfordness lights, and is the point where the tides of the North Sea and English Channel meet, with sands to the N. and S."
"ORWELL, the navigable part of the river Gipping below Ipswich, county Suffolk. It falls into the sea at Harwich, and has on its bank Orwell Park, the seat of the late Admiral Vernon, Viscount Orwell."
"PEDDER'S WAY, the name given to the Roman or British road from Ixworth, in county Suffolk, to Hunstanton on the Wash."
"PLOMESGATE, a hundred in the county of Suffolk, contains the parishes of Aldeburgh, Benhall, Blaxhall, Bruisyard, Chillesford, Cransford, Earnham, Friston, Great Glemham, Little Glemham, Hazlewood, Iken, Orford, Parham, Rendham, Saxmundham, Snape, Sternfield, Stratford St. Andrew, Sudbourne, Swefling, Tunstall, and Wantisden; comprising an area of 41,390 acres."
"RISBRIDGE, a hundred in the county of Suffolk, contains the parishes of Barnardiston, Great and Little Bradley, Chedburgh, Clare, Cowling, Dalham, Denardiston, Denham, Depden, Gazeley, Hawkedon, Haudon, Kentford, Lidgate, Moulton, Ousden, Poslingford, Stansfield, Stoke, Stradishall, Great and Little Thurlow, Whixoe, Whickhambrook, Whithersfield, Great and Little Wratting, and parts of Haverhill and Kedington; comprising an area of 59,160 acres."
"RIVER DEBEN, (or River Thredling) rises near Debenham, in the county of Suffolk, and runs about 24 miles S.E. to the sea at Bawdsey Haven.
"SAMFORD, a hundred in the county of Suffolk, contains the parishes of Bentley, Belstead, East Bergholt, Brantham, Burstall, Capel St. Mary, Chattisham, Chelmondiston, Copdock, Erwarton, Freston, Harkstead, Higham, Hintlesham, Holbrook, Holton St. Mary, Raydon, Shelley, Shotley, Stratford St. Mary, Stutton, Tattingstone, Washbrook, Great and Little Wenham, Wherstead, Woolverstone, and part of Sproughton, comprising an area of 44,620 acres. It gives name to a deanery in the archdeaconry of Suffolk and diocese of Norwich; also to a Poor-law Union and superintendent registry district."
"STOW, a hundred and district, county Suffolk, contains the parishes of Buxhall, Combs, Creeting St. Peter, Great and Little Finborough, Harleston, Haughley, Old Newton, Onehouse, Shelland, Stow Upland, Stowmarket, and Wetherden, comprising an area of 22,010 acres. It gives name to a deanery in the diocese of Norwich."
"THEDWESTRY, a hundred, county of Suffolk, contains the parishes of Ampton, Great Barton, Beyton, Combust-Bradfield, Bradfield St. Clare and St. George, Drinkstone, Felsham, Fornham St. Genevieve and St. Martin, Gedding, Hessett, Livermere Magna, Pakenham, Rattlesden, Rougham, Rushbrooke, Stanningfield, Thurston, Timworth, Tostock, Great and Little Whelnetham, and Woolpit, comprising an area of 39,820 acres. It gives name to a deanery in the archdeaconry of Sudbury and diocese of Ely."
"THINGOE, a hundred in county Suffolk, contains the town of Bury St. Edmund's, and the parishes of Barrow, Brockley, Chevington, Flempton, Fornham All Saints, Hargrave, Hawstead, Hengrave, Horningsheath, Ickworth, Lackford, Nowton, Rede, Risby, Great and Little Saxham, Westley, and Whepstead, comprising 31,850 acres, exclusive of Bury St. Edmund's. It gives name to a deanery in the archdeaconry of Sudbury and diocese of Ely."
"THREDLING, a hundred in county Suffolk, contains the parishes of Ashfield, Debenham, Framsden, Pettaugh, and Winston, comprising an area of about 7,630 acres."
"WANGFORD, a hundred in county Suffolk, contains the parishes of Bursham, Beccles, Bungay Holy Trinity and St. Mary, North Cove, Ellough, South Elmham All Saints, South Elmham St. Cross, South Elmham St. James, South Elmham St. Margaret, South Elmham St. Michael, South Elmham St. Nicholas, South Elmham St. Peter, Flixton, Homersfield, Ilketshall St. Andrew, Ilketshall St. John, Ilketshall St. Margaret, Ilketshall St. Lawrence, Mettingham, Redisham, Ringsfield, Shadingfield, Shipmeadow, Sotterley, Weston, Willingham, Worlingham, and part of Henstead; comprising an area of 35,540 acres."
"WAVENEY, a river of counties Norfolk and Suffolk, rises at Brettenham, close to the source of the Little Ouse, and joins the Yare at Yarmouth."
"WILFORD, a hundred in the S.E. division of county Suffolk, contains the parishes of Alderton, Bawdsey, Boulge, Boyton, Bredfield, Bromeswell, Capel St. Andrew, Dallinghoo, Debatch, Hollesley, Melton, Petistree, Ramsholt, Shottisham, Sutton, Ufford, and Wickham Market, comprising 30,180 acres."
From The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868)
Transcribed by Colin Hinson ©2003