"Butterton is a large village, on a steep declivity, nine miles NNW of Mayfield and five miles S of Longnor, comprising within its township and chapelry 388 inhabitants and about 1500 acres of land, forming a high moorland district, but well enclosed and mostly in pasturage. It has many scattered houses, and belongs to about 80 proprietors, who pay small chief rents to the Duke of Devonshire, the lord of the manor. The open fields and common were enclosed under an act passed in 1774. Near a small brook, at the foot of the village, is a sulpherous spring, said to be beneficial in scorbutic cases.
At Botstone, near the river Manyfold, about a mile west of Butterton, a lead mine was worked about fifteen years ago."
[From History, Gazetteer and Directory of Staffordshire, William White, Sheffield, 1851]