"Darlaston is one of the largest villages in Staffordshire, situated near the Birmingham canal, one mile NW of Wednesbury, four and a half miles E by S of Wolverhampton and three miles WSW of Walsall. Its parish, which includes only 901 acres of land, increased its population from 3812 in 1801, to 8224 in 1841 and it has long been famous for the manufacture of gun-locks, stirrups, buckles, nails, bed & wood screws, bolts, latches, cast iron articles &c.
Here are also extensive coal and iron works, the largest of which are the Darlaston Green Iron and Steel Works, which employ nearly 1000 hands, and the Rough-Hay Works, which employ about 500 hands. Bar, rod and sheet iron is manufactured here, and steel is converted and refined at the first named works. The parish abounds in excellent beds of coal, ironstone and free stone. Amongst the ironstone are found great quantities of very hard limestone, called peldon, which, after being burnt, are ground down and used as Roman cement.
Lord Gower, Thomas Blakemore, Saml. Smith, Saml. Miles and David Jones, Esqrs., are the principal landowners, but there are about 400 small freeholds in the parish, most of which were enfranchised by Lord Crewe, a late lord of the manor, about 60 years ago, for an electioneering purpose, but his descendent, the present Lord Crewe, is still nominal lord of the manor"
[From History, Gazetteer and Directory of Staffordshire, William White, Sheffield, 1851]