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Horton

"Horton is a small village on an eminence, three miles WNW of Leek, comprising within its parish the two townships of Horton with Horton-Hay, and Blackwood-with-Crowborough, which support their poor conjointly, and comprise 4860 acres and 967 souls. The common or Hay was enclosed about 1815, and has a thin, black and meagre soil. The manor of Horton includes the whole parish and also Rushton-James, Bagnall, Endon, Longsdon and Stanley. Gibbs Crawford Antrobus, Esq, is the lord of the manor, and holds a Court Leet on the Thursday before the wake, which is on the nearest Sunday to Old Michaelmas day. Horton Hall, the property of Mrs Watt, is an ancient stone mansion, occupied by J Gaunt, Esq.
Miss Bostock, J Challenor, Esq, and many smaller owners, have estates here.
On the eastern side of the parish is Rudyard Station and Hotel, on the Churnet Valley line, near the south end of Rudyard Lake.
Blackwood and Crowborough are two hamlets, from one to two miles W of Horton, and near them is the hamlet of Gratton."
[From History, Gazetteer and Directory of Staffordshire, William White, Sheffield, 1851]

Bibliography

'The Reades of Blackwood Hill in the Parish of Horton, Staffordshire.
A Record of Their Descendents, with a full description of Dr Johnson's Ancestry
His Kinsfolk and Family Connexions.'

by Aleyn Lyell Reade
Published 1906, by AL Reade, London.

Census

The population of Horton parish was as follows:
1801 -- 752
1831 -- 970
1841 -- 967

Church History

"Horton Church, St Michael, is an ancient fabric, and the benefice is a perpetual curacy, in the incumbency of the Rev William Forster, BA, and patronage of GC Antrobus, Esq.
The parish has a Wesleyan and two small Primitive Methodist Chapels."
[From History, Gazetteer and Directory of Staffordshire, William White, Sheffield, 1851]

Church Records

Church of England Registers
The parish register of the parish church of St Michael commences in 1653. The original registers for the period 1653-1980 (Bapts), 1653-1992 (Mar) & 1653-1966 (Bur) are deposited at Staffordshire Record Office.
Bishops Transcripts, 1673-1872 (with many gaps) are deposited at Lichfield Record Office.

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Description and Travel

A transcription of the section on Horton from A Topographical History of Staffordshire by William Pitt (1817

Maps

A map showing the pre-1850 boundaries of Horton Parish

Poorhouses, Poor Law etc

Horton parish became part of Leek Union following the Poor Law Amendment Act of 1834.

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