"Lichfield, an ancient but well-built city, with about 7,000 inhabitants, and many handsome modern houses and public buildings, is the See of an extensive Diocese, and head of a Poor Law Union and County Court District. It forms, with its precincts, a county of itself, though locally situated in the South Division of Offlow Hundred, in a fine open vale, near the line of the Roman Icknield Street, the Wyrley & Essington Canal, and the South Staffordshire and Trent Valley Railways. It has commodious wharfs and railway stations, and is distant sixteen miles SE by E of Stafford, and sixteen miles N by E of Birmingham. Few places are more interesting to the antiquary than Lichfield, with its noble Cathedral, and other antiquities, or to the admirers of genius, talent and learning, from its association with such names as Johnson, Garrick, Darwin, Ashmole, Seward, Addison, etc.
The Cathedral Close, occupies the highest and most attractive part of the town, and is skirted by many handsome houses, and separated from the city by a brook, which expands into a fine pool, and is crossed by several bridges. The city is divided into three parishes, St Mary's, in the central part of the city, St Chad's, in the north and west, and St Michael's, in the south and east, and they have several townships lying beyond the limits of the County of the City, which is co-extensive with the municipal and parliamentary limits, which now comprise the Close, the Friary, and parts of Pipe Hill and Freeford. The Corporation are lords of the manor, but the principal owner of land and buildings in the city is the Earl of Lichfield. The out-townships of Lichfield are, Curborough & Elmhurst, Fisherwick, Freeford, Haselour, Streethay, Burntwood Edjall & Woodhouses, Hammerwich, Pipe-Hill and Wall.
Curborough & Elmhurst, have 2080 acres and 227 inhabitants, and are two hamlets forming a township of scattered houses, extending from one to two miles N by E of Lichfield. Curborough lies within a mile of the city, beyond Pones Mill, formerly a carpet and worsted manufactory, but now unoccupied. It was anciently a member of the Bishop's barony, and is now the property of the Levett family and the Marquis of Anglesey, but the Earl of Lichfield is lord of the manor. Elmhurst, two miles from Lichfield, near Uttoxeter Road, is mostly the property of CJ Smith, Esq, who resides at the Hall. It comprises about 860 acres, and includes the hamlet of Stitchbrook. Curborough Hall, now a farmhouse, is very ancient and was formerly the seat of the Levett family.
Fisherwick township, in the vale of the Tame, four miles E of Lichfield, contains 86 inhabitants, and about 1130 acres of rich land, of which two-thirds belongs to the Hon Mrs Howard, of Elford, the lady of the manor. Hademore, on the SW side of the township, is a large estate belonging to Sir Robert Peel.
Freeford, two miles SE of Lichfield, is an ancient hamlet, in the County of the City, containing only 50 inhabitants. The manor comprises 500 acres of rich and well wooded land, belonging to Captain Dyott, who resides at the Hall, which, with the demesne around it, forms an extra-parochial liberty of 27 souls.
Haselour, seven and a half miles E of Lichfield, is an extra-parochial manor of 570 acres, containing only 5 houses, 29 inhabitants, and a deserted chapel, which is a prebend of Lichfield Cathedral. John Neville, Esq, is lord of the manor, and resides at the Hall. The inhabitants have church room at Harlaston, a neighbouing chapelry.
Streethay is a township of scattered houses, on and near the Burton road, two miles E by N of Lichfield. It contains 850 acres and 125 souls. The Marquis of Anglesey is lord of the manor, but the soil belongs to the Peel, Holland, Bailye, Woodcock, and other families. At Dernford, in a picturesque valley near the canal, is a large corn mill, and at a short distance is Fulfen, an extra-parochial farm, anciently belonging to the Fulfen family, of whom it was purchased by Sir Richard Dyott, in 1639. It now belongs to Captain Dyott.
Pipe-Hill is a pleasant hamlet and township on the Walsall road, one to two and a half miles SW of Lichfield, with 110 inhabitants. The Marquis of Anglesey is lord of the manor, but the soil belongs to the Earl of Lichfield, JH Bradburne, Esq, Richard Hinckley, Esq, and a few smaller owners. Near a public house called Muckley Corner, the turnpike road crosses the Roman Watling Street, and enters Cannock Chase.
Wall, a hamlet and township of 91 inhabitants, occupying a lofty eminence, two miles S of Lichfield, is intersected by Watling Street, and is the ancient Roman Station, Etocetum, of which vestiges may still be traced in the walls. John Mott, Esq, and the Rev T Owen Burnes Floyer, are joint lords of the manor and owners of most of the soil, but the rest belongs to T & J Bradburne, Mrs Jackson, and a few smaller owners. Aldershaw, the seat of the Rev TOB Floyer, stands on a commanding eminence, one and a half miles S of Lichfield."
Burntwood, Edjall and Woodhouses Township formed a chapelry to Lichfield and details can be found on the Burntwood page.
Hammerwich Township formed a chapelry to Lichfield and details can be found on the Hammerwich page.
[From History, Gazetteer and Directory of Staffordshire, William White, Sheffield, 1851]