"Rushton Spencer is a village and township, five miles NW by N of Leek. Its chapelry (to Leek & Lowe parish) includes Rushton James and Heaton townships. The manor of Rushton Spencer is in five moities, belonging to the Johnson, Webb, Hardware, and Yardley families, and one belonging to the freeholders. Rushton Spencer township contains 355 souls and 1500 acres and includes the village of Rushton Marsh, on the turnpike, half a mile S of the chapel. Here is a railway station, on the Churnet Valley Branch of the North Staffordshire Railway, which is sometimes thronged with visitors to Rudyard Lake.
Rushton James is a hamlet and township of 283 souls and 1000 acres, five miles NW of Leek, in GC Antrobus's manor of Horton.
Heaton is a hamlet and township of 2300 acres and 405 souls, four miles NW by N of Leek. William Brocklehurst, Esq, is lord of the manor, but a great part of the soil belongs to the Earl of Macclesfield, Thomas Yardley, Esq, Mrs Gaunt and a few smaller owners. On the river Dane, which separates this county from Cheshire, is a small cotton mill. Swithamley Hall, the ancient seat of the Traffords, is now the property of William Brocklehurst, Esq, of Macclesfield. Heaton House, the neat modern residence of James Robins, Esq, stands on a commanding eminence, where the high moorland heath has been much improved by him and Josiah Gaunt, Esq, and embellished with thriving plantations. "
[From History, Gazetteer and Directory of Staffordshire, William White, Sheffield, 1851]