"Uttoxeter is undoubtedly of great antiquity, and was probably a British settlement, and afterwards occupied by the Romans. Leland calls it 'Uttok-Cester', and says 'the menne of the towne usith grasing, for there be wonderful pastures on Dove. It longith to the erledom of Lancaster, and has a free school, founded by a priest, Thomas Alleyne, who founded another at Stone, in the reign of Queen Mary.'
At the Norman Conquest, the manor belonged to the King, but it was afterwards given to Henry de Ferrers, whose descendents were subsequently created Earls of Derby, one of whom forfeited it in the rebellion against Henry III, who bestowed it, with the honour of Tutbury, upon his younger son, Edmund, Earl of Lancaster, from whose family it passed to the Crown, with the other possessions of the Duchy of Lancaster, but the manorial claims of the Crown were satisfied, early in the 17th century, by an allotment made of the forest enclosure.
In 1252, Earl Ferrers granted the burgesses a charter of various privileges, and in 1308, they obtained from the Earl of Lancaster a charter for a market every Wednesday, and a fair on the eve, day, and morrow of St Mary Magdalen.
During the civil wars of the 17th century, Uttoxeter was much harrassed by the forces of the contending parties, and large sums were levied on the inhabitants, both by the Royalists and Parliamentarians. The King was here several times, and the loyalty of the town was evinced by the ringing of the church bells during his presence.
In 1646, the town was visited by the plague. In 1672, most of the lower part of the town was consumed by an accidental fire. At the glorious Revolution of 1688, the town partook of the general alarm which was raised throughout the country by the enemies of the Catholics.
The late distinguished Admiral Lord Gardner was born here in 1742, and died at Bath in 1810. Another eminent native was Sir Simon Degge, an antiquary, well known for his manuscript notes on Plot's Natural History of Staffordshire."
[From History, Gazetteer and Directory of Staffordshire, William White, Sheffield, 1851)