"The parish of Wolverhampton is about 30 miles in circuit, but several of its townships lie detached from the rest, and were annexed to it in monastic times, as prebends of the collegiate church. It comprises 10 townships, Bilston, Bentley, Featherstone, Hatherton, Hilton, Kinvaston, Pelsall, Wednesfield, Willenhall,
Wolverhampton, the most populous borough and market town in Staffordshire, is of considerable antiquity, and is the head of a large and populous parish, a poor law union, county court district, petty sessional division, rural deanery, and parliamentary borough. The town has more than 47,000 inhabitants and 3,200 acres of land, and its parish about 90,000 inhabitants and 16,560 acres. It is fourteen miles NW by W of Birmingham, sixteen miles S of Stafford, and six miles W of Walsall.
The town of Wolverhampton stands on the summit and declivities of a bold gravelly eminence, in the central part of Wolverhampton township, which comprises a number of suburban hamlets, neat mansions, and coal and iron works, etc. The town and western portion of the township are in the Deanery & Prebendal manor, of which the Duke of Cleveland is lessee lord, and the rest is in the manor of Stow Heath, which comprises also parts of Bilston and Willenhall, and is held by the Duke of Sutherland and TW Giffard, Esq. The other principal landowners in the township are Ralph Gough, R & WF Fryer, and G Holyoake, Esqrs, and Miss Hinckes.
The villages and hamlets in Wolverhampton township are as follows:
Chapel Ash, half a mile W, a small village and district having several neat villas, including The Oaks, the seat of John Hartley, Esq, and Chapel House, the residence of George Edwardes, Esq, surgeon.
Catchem's Corner, one and a half miles SE, and Ettingshall Lane, one mile E, are districts partly in Bilston township.
Dunstall is an estate of 200 acres, one mile N by W, with an ancient castellated mansion called Dunstall Hall, formerly the demesne of the Wightwicks, and now the residence of Captain Annesley.
Goldthorn Hill, one and a half miles S, is a high district of scattered houses, extending into the parishes of Sedgley and Penn. The large reservoir of the new Water Works were constructed here in 1850-1. Rough-hills colliery is located here.
Graisley, one mile S by W, is the estate and seat of Frederick Sparrow, Esq, and includes an ancient place called the Lea, which was for many generations the seat of the Waring family. Near it are the hamlets of Straw Hill and the Rookery.
Merridale, or Meredale, one mile W by S, is an estate mostly belonging to the Petit family, and formerly held by the Heyricks. Here is situated the large General Cemetery.
Monmore Green, half a mile SE, is a populous suburb, on the prebendal estate of Monmore, where there is a mine of coal and ironstone, now nearly exhausted.
New Bridge, half a mile NW, is an estate belonging to F Holyoake, Esq.
Seven Houses, half a mile S, is an increasing suburb, with many new houses.
Slade Hill, a farm, etc, one and a half miles NW, on the Tettenhall road.
Stow Heath, a manor anciently held by the Crown, and now by the Duke of Sutherland, and TW Gifford, Esq.
Vauxhall, three quarters of a mile NW, is a large modern village, with several neat residences.
Bentley, four and a half miles E of Wolverhampton, is a township comprising about 1470 acres of land. Its population increased from 104 in 1831, to 428 in 1841, owing to the coal and iron works commenced here in 1832 by the Earl of Lichfield, who is lord of the manor and owner of the soil. Bentley Hall, the ancient manor house of the Lanes, is memorable as the residence of Colonel Lane, who, with his sister Jane, concealed Charles II, after his defeat at the battle of Worcester, and assisted him in effecting his escape out of the kingdom. This hall is a neat building, now occupied by the Rev GH Fisher, MA, incumbent of St Giles, Willenhall, to which church district Bentley belongs. The Anson Arm Canal extends to the iron furnaces here, which have not been worked during the last seven years.
Featherstone is a small detached township, five miles N by E of Wolverhampton, and gave name to a prebend in the collegiate church of that town. The Duke of Cleveland is lessee lord of the manor, which comprises 34 inhabitants, and 550 acres of land. This place was formerly the residence of Huntbach, the antiquary.
Hatherton, another small village and detached township, nine miles NNE of Wolverhampton, and forms part of the deanery manor of that town, held on lease by the Duke of Cleveland, but the land belongs chiefly to the Hon Edward R Littleton, MP, whose relative, the late Morton Walhouse, Esq, rebuilt the Hall, in 1817, in the Gothic style. The township comprises 378 inhabitants, and 1200 acres of land, including several farms, part of Calf-heath Common, and the hamlet of Four Crosses, where there is a good inn, on the Roman Watling Street, within two miles SW of Cannock. The inhabitants use Cannock church.
Hilton, a township of 500 acrs and 57 souls, five miles NNE of Wolverhampton, is a prebendal and tithe free estate, consisting of three farms, and Hilton Park, the beautiful seat of Major General Henry Charles W Vernon, which is a large structure of brick and stone, surmounted by a moat, erected in 1700.
Kinvaston township and prebendal estate of 200 acres and 21 souls, is another small detached member of Wolverhampton parish, eight and a half miles N of the town, and two and a half miles S of Penkridge. It consists of a single farm, occupied by Mr Charles Wotton."
Bilston Township formed a chapelry to Wolverhampton parish and details can be found on the Bilston page.
Pelsall Township formed a chapelry to Wolverhampton parish and details can be found on the Pelsall page.
Wednesfield Township formed a chapelry to Wolverhampton parish and details can be found on the Wednesfield page.
Willenhall Township formed a chapelry to Wolverhampton parish and details can be found on the Willenhall page.
[From History, Gazetteer and Directory of Staffordshire, William White, Sheffield, 1851]