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Salisbury

"SALISBURY, (or New Sarum) comprising the parishes of St. Martin, St. Thomas, and St. Edmund, it is a city, market town, municipal and parliamentary borough, having separate civil jurisdiction, but locally in the hundred of Underditch, county Wilts, 82 miles S.W. of London, and 28½ from Winchester. It has stations on the Basingstoke section of the London and South-Western and Salisbury and Warminster branch of the Great Western railways, communicating directly with the metropolis, and another an the Bishopstoke branch of the South-Western, connecting it with the port of Southampton.

 

This city owes its origin to the decline of Old Sarum, which is believed to have been a seat of the Belgæ prior to the Roman invasion of Britain, and was selected by the latter people as a station on the highway to the W., the three roads to Winchester, Silchester, and Dorchester branching off at this point, and probably three others to Bath, Ilchester, and a station on the Kennet; but these last are only traceable in certain localities: numerous coins of the several Roman emperors have also been found within its area. Under the West Saxons it first became the seat of a bishopric, founded by Ina in 704, but for a time resident at Sherborne, in Dorsetshire, whence the see was removed in 905 to Wilton, in Wilts, and afterwards to Old Sarum, or the ancient Salisbury, which William of Malmesbury describes as more properly a castle than a city, being situated on a barren hill, and encompassed with a high wall."

[Description(s) from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868) - Transcribed by Colin Hinson ©2003]

 

Bibliography

  • Chandler, John - Endless Street A History of Salisbury and its People, first published in 1983, reprinted with corrections in 1987, new edition Sept 2001, 400 pages including 48 pages of illustrations with six chapters covering Nativity, Maturity, Working, Travelling, Governing & Living, the cover is a vast canvas of life in Salisbury and Old Sarum over the past millennium. Published by Hobnob Press, PO Box 1838, East Knoyle, Salisbury SP3 6FA. Available by credit card from Devizes Books, Handel House, Sidmouth St, Devizes, Wilts, SN10 1LD, and from Wiltshire FHS.

Cemeteries

Churches

You can also perform a more selective search for churches in the Salisbury area that are recorded in the GENUKI church database. This will also help identify other churches in nearby townships and/or parishes. You also have the option to see the location of the churches marked on a map.

Church Records

  • Common to all parishes is a Key to Abbreviations and a description of Church Records and Indexes for Wiltshire, including a complete Marriage Index for the county.

  • Indexes and registers of Salisbury, Particular Baptist church at Brown Street:

    • Registers at PRO, piece RG4 2064, 1433
    • IGI Bir 1763-1837 Batch C093221
  • Indexes and registers of Salisbury, Independent church at Endless Street:
    (founded 1806, re-united with Scot's Lane Independent 1860)

    • Registers at PRO, piece RG4 1906, 2898
    • IGI Chr 1807-1837 Batch C077961
  • Indexes and registers of Salisbury, Independent church at Scot's Lane:
    (rebuilt in Fisherton St, 1879)

  • Indexes and registers of Salisbury, Presbyterian church at Salt Lane:

    • Registers at PRO, piece RG4 3118
    • IGI Chr 1723-1785 Batch C077931

Description and Travel

You can see pictures of Salisbury which are provided by:

Gazetteers

Historical Geography

You can see the administrative areas in which Salisbury has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.

History

Maps

You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SU144300 (Lat/Lon: 51.069094, -1.795875), Salisbury which are provided by:

Population

  • Population 9,876 in 1831, 32,911 in 1951.

 

Societies

You can also see Family History Societies covering the nearby area, plotted on a map. This facility is being developed, and is awaiting societies to enter information about the places they cover.