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ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY.

Data from the 'Collectio Rerum Ecclesiasticarum' from the year 1842.

The place: EASINGWOLD.     Church dedication: ALL SAINTS.     Church type: Discharged Vicarage.

Area, 10,070 acres. Bulmer wapentake. - Population, 2,381 *1; Church-room, 500; Net value, 205. - The borough of Easingwold belonged to the monastery of Durham.

At the time of the Domesday Survey, here was a Church, with a priest.

The Church was given to the Archdeaconry of Richmond, to which it was appropriated, and a Vicarage ordained therein, in 1293.

The patronage is now in the Bishop of Chester, in consequence of the Archdeaconry of Richmond being annexed to that see.

Mr. Torre does not give the endowment. His first Vicar was instituted in 1293.

The Vicarage is valued in Pope Nicholas's taxation, at 5; Nova Tax, 4; and in the King's books, at 12. 11s. per annum, after deducting 5 to the Archdeacon of Richmond, and 7s. 6d. for Synodals and Procurations *2.

26th July 1771, faculty granted to build a gallery.

An Inclosure Act was passed 48th Geo. III.

The glebe house is fit for residence.

The Register Books commence in 1599.

Charities:
The Rev. Ralph Stringer's charity, or Foss Bridge House. This house, in the Long-street, was given in 1599 to the Vicar and churchwardens, and their successors, for the use of two poor people. About twenty years previous to the Report, the house was taken down, and four small tenements were erected on the site of it, at an expense to the township of between 80 and 100. The tenements are occupied by four poor persons, rent-free.

The Rev. George Wilson's charity, by will, in 1666. Rent of a close, called North Moors, containing 5A. 2a.; one-half to be applied in bringing fuel for Foss Bridge House, and the remainder to be given away by the churchwardens to the most needy poor.

Poor's Estate. 11a. 0r. 5p. of land, of which 7a. were purchased in 1712 and 1713. by means of a fund then existing, and conveyed to the Vicar and churchwardens, and their successors, in trust for the use of the poor, the rents to be distributed according to the discretion of the Vicar and churchwardens ; and the residue was an allotment on the inclosure made in lieu of lands formerly devised to the use of the poor. The whole are under the management of the Vicar and churchwardens.

John Foster's rent charge of 10s. per annum, by will, in 1640, out of land at Highthorn, the property of Lord Dundas. Distributed along with the rents of the poor's estate.

Nathaniel Wilson's rent charge of 30s. per annum, by will, in 1726, out of lands, called York Waths, near Shire's Bridge ; 20s. thereof to be distributed among the poor, and 10s. to the Vicar, for preaching a sermon on the 5th November.

Ann Cobb's gift, by will, in 1728. Rent of two closes, called Whitebread's Closes, containing together 4a. 3r. 37p. (after paying 40s. per annum to the poor of Sutton), to be laid out in the purchase of bread, to be divided every Lord's-day among twelve of the poorest inhabitants of Easingwold as should constantly come to the Church. It is not known in whom the legal estate is now vested. The minister and churchwardens act as trustees.

GeorgeWesterman's gift, by will, dated 30th July 1783. Dividends on 200 old south sea annuities, vested, in 1783, in the names of the then Vicar and churchwardens. A sum of 15s. or 16s. is reserved for the repair of the testator's tomb, and a mahogany board, with the inscription thereon ; one shilling's worth of bread, in penny and twopenny loaves, is distributed every Sunday to poor persons attending Church ; and the rest is disposed of in bread, which is given away at Christmas and Whitsuntide, in sixpenny and shilling loaves, to poor persons of the parish, at the discretion of the minister and churchwar-dens-a preference to be given to such poor resident in the parish as should have sprung from Sarah, the wife of John Todd the elder, John May, Richard May, and Edward May.

John Raper's charity, by will, dated 24th August 1798. Dividends on 100 three per cent. consols, standing, at the time of the Report, in the name of Mars Smith, as surviving trustee. 2 is divided among four poor labouring housekeepers, who have no trade, and have not received parochial relief; and the remaining 1 is paid to the teacher of a Sunday school, provided such teacher goes to the Church with the children, to hear both morning and evening service.

The Rev. William Comber's charity, by will, proved in London May 1810. Dividends on 50 navy fives, standing, at the time of the Report, in the name of the late Rev. H. R. Whytehead, of Thormanby. The dividends to be distributed at Christmas among widows or poor housekeepers by the minister or churchwardens, with the advice of any part of Mr. Whytehead's family, but not to be thrown into the common fund forthepoor.

William Hitchin's rent charge of 10s. per annum, by will, dated in 1761, out of an allotment, called the Tofts, in the Church Field, for teaching one poor boy, to be chosen by the minister and churchwardens.

William Driffield's gift, by will, dated 8th November 1788. Interest of 50, for teaching four poor children to read, write, and sew.

Thomas Raines's gift. 2 per annum, applied to teaching five poor children reading, writing, and arithmetic. It is said, in the inscription on the testator's monument, that he left the rent of his Hardilgate Close for ever to the schoolmaster, for teaching five poor children, to be named by his niece Salvin, or her heirs, and for want of such, by the minister. The close is now called the School Close. -The lessees of the great tithes were, as the time of the Report. in possession of the close, and the Commissioners had met with no evidence to prove that the land itself belonged to the charity.

Eleanor Westerman's charity, by will, dated 24th August 1781. Dividends on 2,500 reduced annuities. 54. 12s. is paid to a schoolmaster, who must be a member of the Church of England, to teach thirty boys Latin, the English grammar, reading, writing, arithmetic, and book-keeping, and also to teach thirty girls reading, writing, and arithmetic ; 10 for house-rent, coals, and candles ; 8. 8s. for books, pens, ink, and stationery ; 20s. to the minister, for preaching a sermon on the 26th May, before the children, on the benefit of early piety, and another, on the 1st September, on some moral subject. The schoolmaster to attend with the children upon these days, and also on Sundays, Wednesdays, and Fridays, in every week, at the parish Church. The children to be nominated by the minister, churchwardens, and overseers -a preference to be given to the families of Westerman and May, excluding the descendants of Joseph May.

Alice Smith's rent charge, by will, dated in 1698. 40s. per annum, out of Thinklane Closes, for the yearly placing out a poor child apprentice.

Francis Driffield's charity, by will, dated 10th April 1676. A small tenement in Easingwold, for the residence of four poor women, members of the Church of England-widows to he preferred-to be nominated by the minister and churchwardens, and admitted by his heirs. The testator also left twelve acres of land to the minister and churchwardens, a moiety of the rent to be given to the said poor women towards their support, and the other moiety to be applied in placing out poor children apprentices-relatives and namesakes to be preferred.

William Coopland's charity, by will, dated in 1759. Interest of 10 towards clothing two poor boys.

Thomas Wray's charity, given in 1738. Interest of 20 among four poor widows.

Lost charity. One Margaret Taylor paid 10s. a year to the minister and churchwardens for the poor, till 1803. The payment was afterwards made by her nephew, Edward Taylor, in pursuance, as understood, of her recommendation, out of the profits of a close, called Howes. Mr. Taylor died about six or seven years before the Report, since which time the payment has been discontinued ; and the Commissioners found nothing to show that the payment could be enforced. -Vide 6th Report, page 597.

A post town.


References:
Torre's MS., page 559. Abp. Sharp's MS., vol. iii. page 31. Bawdwen's Domesday Book (Eisicewalt), page 9 ; (Raschel), 26. Mon. Ang., vol. i. page 233. Nonae Roll, page 243.


Notes:
*1 Viz. Easingwold, 1,922; and Raskelfe, 459. -In 1834, the population of Easingwold was returned at 1,991.

*2 The Valor Ecc. specifies tithes and mansion.


From the original book published by
George Lawton in 1842..
OCR and changes for Web page presentation
by Colin Hinson. 2013.


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