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ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY.

Data from the 'Collectio Rerum Ecclesiasticarum' from the year 1842.

The place: GREAT AYTON.     Church dedication: ALL SAINTS.     Church type: Perpetual Curacy.

Area, 5,740 acres. Langbarugh liberty, W.D. -Population, 1,296 *2; Church-room, 340; Net value, 82. -The manor of Ayton was held by Nigel of the fee of Moreton ; it was afterwards granted to Robert de Stutevill, and passed, by marriage, to the Wakes, and by them to the Earls of Kent, and afterwards to the Earls of Westmoreland, when, by attainder, it became forfeited to the Crown, and was granted by James I. to Sir David Foulis, who sold it to Christopher Coulson, dyer, from whose family it descended to the Scottows, who sold it in 1801 to Henry Richardson, Esq.

The Wakes, in the reign of Edward I., claimed a weekly market here, and the right of trying felons within the market.

The manor of Little Ayton was part of the possessions of the Malbys, and afterwards of the Lords Eure, and after divers alienations came to Henry Richardson, Esq.

The manor of Nunthorpe was part of the fee of Brus, and descended to Marmaduke de Thweng, of whom William de Percy held one knight's fee.

From the Percies the manor descended to the Conyers, Constables, and Bradshaws. The estates were subsequently sold to different purchasers.

Certain lands at Nunthorpe were given by Ralph de Neville to the Nuns at Basedale.

The manor of Tunstall was held by the Meynells of Peter de Mauley, and he of the King.

The Tunstalls and Pennymans held this manor.

The Church was given in 1123 by Robert and Gertrude Meynell to the Abbot and Convent of Whitby, to which Monastery it was appropriated.

The patronage was granted, at the Dissolution, to the Duke of Suffolk, and in 28th Elizabeth came by purchase to the Marwoods, who have nominated ever since.

The minister of Ayton was one of the Curati Conductivi from the Monastery of Whitby.

The Priory of Gisburne had also lands here.

Present patron and impropriator, the Rev. G. Marwood.

The Church was valued in Pope Nicholas's taxation, at 20; Nova Tax, 9; in 1707, the Curacy was certified at 14; and in 1818, at 70. 10s. 10d. per annum *3.

Augmented in 1772, with 200; in 1786, with 200, ; in 1792, with 200; 1813, with 600; and in 1822, with 200 both from the Parliamentary grant -and all by lot.

The Church is an ancient structure, decent and commodious.

Mr. Graves gives a catalogue of the Curates.

15th July 1743, faculty granted to erect a gallery.

30th July 1759, ditto to remove a loft, and build pews.

14th May 1760, confirmation granted of allotment of pews.

25th April 1788, faculty to rebuild the steeple of the Church.

No glebe house.

The Register Books commence in 1666.

Charities:
John Coulson's charity, by will, dated 18th July 1674. rent charge of 35s. per annum, given in bread.

TOWNSHIP OF GREAT AYTON. William Young's gift, by will, dated 13th January 1678. rent charge of 6 per annum. Half for buying clothes for the poor, and the other half for putting a poor man's child apprentice.

Scarbrough Poor Land. Rent of 3a. of land at Falsgrave, said to have been left by Elizabeth Bulson for the poor. 4. 10s. per annum is paid to a schoolmaster, and the residue of the rent is applied in aid of the poor's rate.

The School, built on the site of a cottage and room formerly left to the parish by Michael Postgate for the purposes of a school. Eight free scholars. In addition to the 4. 10s. mentioned above, the township pays 5. 16s. per annum as interest for money left to the poor, and taken by the parish. -Vide Graves's Cleveland, and 7th Report, page 712.

Post town: Stokesley.


References:
Torre's MS., page 33. Abp. Sharp's MS., vol. iii. page 142. Mon. Ang., vol. i. page 421. Graves's Cleveland, page 194. Burton's Monasticon, pages 70. 71. 341. Nonae Roll, page 234.


Notes:
*1 Or Ayton Magna

*2 Viz. Great Ayton, 1,103; Little Ayton, 68; and Nunthorpe, 125.

*3 "The Rector is entitled to a modus of 6s. 8d. a year, in lieu of the tithes of a mulcture water corn-mill. - Marwood v. Lowther." 1 Wood, page 376.


Other information:
LITTLE AYTON. -(Parish of Ayton Magna.) -Here was anciently a Chapel, built by Sir William Malbys about 1215. It was afterwards ceded to the mother Church. No remains of the Chapel are now visible.


From the original book published by
George Lawton in 1842..
OCR and changes for Web page presentation
by Colin Hinson. 2013.


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