Area, 32,760 acres. Pickering Lythe wapentake. -Population, 3,346 *1; Church-room, 1,500; Net value, £143. -The lordship of Pickering was parcel of the possessions of Morcar, Earl of Northumberland.
In the 13th Edward I., the manor, castle, and forest of Pickering were granted to Edmund, Earl of Lancaster, and so became parcel of the Duchy of Lancaster.
In the 19th Edward I., Edmund, Earl of Lancaster, obtained a charter for a fair yearly at his manor of Pickering, upon the eve, day, and morrow after the exaltation of the Holy Cross.
This Church was given by King Henry I., with the soke thereof, and all the Chapels and tithes, to the Deanery of York, and a Vicarage was ordained therein, 2 Id. November, A.D. 1252, and the Dean is still the patron and impropriator.
Mr. Torre's list of Vicars is very imperfect.
The Vicarage is valued in Pope Nicholas's taxation, at £6. 13s. 4d.; in the King's Books, at £8. 3s. 8d.; and in 1818, at £140 per annum *2.
Augmented in 1770, with £200, to meet benefaction of £200 from W. Mitchelson, Gent.
Chantry. -In 1337, Sir William Bruys, Knight, granted unto Richard de Barton, Chaplain, and his successors duly celebrating in the Church of Pickering, for the health of his soul and of Maud his wife, and of the souls of Adam his father and Maud his mother, and of Magrs William and Robert de Pickering, his ancestors and heirs, uncles and aunts, and also of Sir William and Alexander de Bergh, &c. certain lands and rents, for which the said Richard and his successors shall say all Vespers, and Matins, and Canonical Hours in the Church of Pickering, and every day the Office of the Dead besides Our Lady's Mass on Saturdays, and on every Sunday and double festivals, the mass of the day in the same Church, and on every other day Placebo dirige with their appurtenances, for his soul and the souls of them before specified.
And reserved the presentation to himself and his heirs for ever.
Inclosure Acts were passed 25th and 36th Geo. III.
The glebe house is fit for residence.
The Register Books commence in 1559 ; the first book is imperfect.
There was anciently an Hospital at Pickering dedicated to St. Nicholas, which was in the gift of the King.
The Free School -origin unknown. Endowment ; about twenty-six acres of land-about 150 free scholars, thirty-two are taught reading, writing, and arithmetic, and the rest are taught reading.
Thomas Mitchelson's gift, by will, dated 3rd October, 1765. Interest of £50 for school books for the poor ; and his son Thomas, by will, dated 14th August 1792, gave £70 more, which with an additional sum, were laid out in the purchase of £150. Navy Fives, the dividends on which are applicable as above. -Vide 7th Report, page 743.
A Post town.
Torre's MS. (Peculiars), page 733. Abp. Sharp's MS., vol. iii. page 106. Nonce Rolls, page 242. Bawdwen's Domesday Book (Pickeringa), page 11 ; (Nenuetune), 11; (Chinetorp). Burton's Monasticon, page 362. Eastmead's Rievallensis, page 286. Young's Whitby, pages 734. 750. Gent's Ripon, page 59. Grose's Antiquities, vol. viii. page 143 (castle plate).
*1 Viz. Goatland, 326 ; Kingthorpe, 47; Mar-rishes, 207; Newton, 211 ; Pickering, 2,555-decrease of 209 since 1821. In 1834, the Population was returned at 2,809, exclusive of Newton.
*2 In the Parliamentary Survey, vol. xvii. pages 193-199, it is said; "The Vicar bath small tithes of Pickering, the Marishes, Blansby Parke, Kinthrop, and Newton." >A decree in the Exchequer in Hilary Term, 30th Car. IL, as to tithes, is not reported. >"The Rector is not entitled to the tithes of the lands called Weeldale Rigg, for they are not within the parish. -Osborne v. Breckon." 1 Wood, page 279. >Marishes, A.D. 1220, a composition was made as to the tithes of Keke Mareys and Loft Mareys, places within the parish of Pickering.