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AYSGARTH:
Geographical and Historical information from the year 1868.

"AYSGARTH, a parish, and village in the western division of the wapentake of Hang, in the North Riding of the county of York, 3 miles to the S.E. of Askrigg. It is situated in Wensley Dale, on the banks of the river Ure, or Yore. The district abounds in striking scenery, rugged hills, chasms, torrents, and waterfalls, not without intermixture of fine pasture lands. The parish is probably the largest in England being about 25 miles in length, and comprises the chapelries of Askrigg, Hardrow, with Lunds, Hawes, and Stalling-Busk, all of which have churches of their own, and the townships of Abbotside (High and Low), Bainbridge, Bishopdale, West Burton, with several others. Coal and lead occur here in small quantities. Aysgarth Force is the finest waterfall in Yorkshire. The river Ure precipitates itself over a lofty ridge of rock, not far from the church. A single arch 70 feet in span crosses the river above the fall. From this bridge the view is very impressive, embracing several falls gleaming among the rocks and trees, and the picturesque tower of the church rising quietly above a wood. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Ripon, value 137, in the patronage of the Master and Fellows of Trinity College, Cambridge. The church is in the early English style, possesses a beautiful screen, and is dedicated to St. Andrew. There is a free grammar school at Yorebridge, founded in 1601, by Anthony Beeson, with an income from endowment of 100. The parish enjoys several other charitable endowments, amounting to above 100 per annum."


"APPERSETT, a hamlet in the chapelry of Hawes, and parish of Aysgarth, western division of the wapentake of Hang, in the North Riding of the county of York, 4 miles to the S.W. of Hawes. It is situated near the source of the river Ure, at the foot of Cam Fell, which rises to the height of above 1,900 feet."


"ASKRIGG, a market town and chapelry in the parish of Aysgarth, western division of the wapentake of Hang, in the North Riding of the county of York, 50 miles to the N.W. of York, and 246 miles from London by road, or 284 by railway. It occupies a hill on the north bank of the river Ure, near the head of Wesley Dale. The surrounding moorland district abounds in fine scenery and picturesque waterfalls. Mill Gill Force, half a mile from the town, has a fall of 60 feet, and Whitfield Force, a little higher up, has a fall of 100 feet. Newbiggin, Nappa, and Woodhall, are hamlets included in this parish The living is a perpetual curacy in the diocese of Ripon, value 100, in the patronage of the Vicar of Aysgarth. The ancient church, which is dedicated to St. Oswald, has been recently restored. There is a chapel belonging to the Wesleyan Methodists. The free grammar school of Yorebridge was founded and endowed in the latter part of the reign of Queen Elizabeth, by Anthony Benson. It has a revenue of 65 a year. There are almshouses for six poor widows of this township and Low Abbotside, each of whom receives 10 per annum. This charity was founded by Christopher Alderson, in 1807. Thursday is the market day, and fairs are held, principally for the sale of cattle, on the 11th May, the first Thursday in June, the 11th and 12th July, and the 28th October."


"BAINBRIDGE, a township in the parish of Aysgarth, western division of the wapentake of Hang, in the North Riding of the county of York, 2 miles to the S.W. of Askrigg. It is situated in Wensley Dale, on the banks of the river Bain (a branch of the Ure), which rises in Ray Dale side and flows through Seamer Water, a beautiful lake two miles above Bainbridge, to the Ure. This place has traces of a Roman road, and is supposed to be the site of the Roman station, Bracchium."


"BIRK RIGGS, a hamlet in the chapelry of Holbeck Lunds, and parish of Aysgarth, in the wapentake of Hang, North Riding of the county of York, near Hawes"


"BISHOP DALE, a township in the parish of Aysgarth, and wapentake of Hang, in the North Riding of the county of York, 4 miles to the S.E. of Askrigg. It lies in a district abounding in beautiful scenery, on the banks of a small stream, a-branch of the river Ure. There are some picturesque waterfalls."


"BLEAN, (High and Low) hamlets in the township of Bainbridge, and parish of Aysgarth, wapentake of Hang, in the North Riding of the county of York, not far from Askrigg."


"BOW BRIDGE, a hamlet in the township of Low Abbotside, and parish of Aysgarth, wapentake of Hang, in the North Riding of the county of York, near Askrigg."


"BURTERSETT, a hamlet in the chapelry of Hawes, and parish of Aysgarth, in the wapentake of Hang, North Riding of the county of York, 1 mile from Hawes."


"BURTON, (or West Burton), a township united with Walden, in the parish of Aysgarth, wapentake of West Hang, in the North Riding of the county of York, 5 miles to the S.E. of Askrigg. It is situated in a picturesque country, on a branch of the river Ure, noted for its abundance of salmon. There is a chapel belonging to the Wesleyans, and charitable endowments for the poor amounting to 9 a year."


"CAM HOUSES, a hamlet in the chapelry of Helbeck Lunds, township of High Abbotside, and parish of Aysgarth, in the wapentake of Hang, North Riding of the county of York, 5 miles to the N.W. of Hawes. It is seated at the foot of Cam Fell, which rises to the height of 1,920 feet."


"CARPERBY CUM THORESBY, a joint township in the parish of Aysgarth, wapentake of West Hang, in the North Riding of the county of York, 4 miles to the E. of Askrigg."


"CARR END, a hamlet in the township of Bainbridge, and parish of Aysgarth, wapentake of West Hang, in the North Riding of the county of York, 1 mile from Askrigg."


"COTTERDALE, a hamlet in the township of High Abbotside, and parish of Aysgarth, in the North Riding of the county of York, 1 mile from Hawes."


"COUNTERSIDE, a hamlet in the township of Bainbridge and parish of Aysgarth, in the North Riding of the county of York, 2 miles S.W. of Askrigg"


"CUBECK, a hamlet in the township of Bainbridge, and parish of Aysgarth, in the North Riding of the county of York, 1 mile S.W. of Askrigg. It is situated in Wensleydale, on the river Bainbridge."


"FOSSDALE, a hamlet in the chapelry of Hardraw and parish of Aysgarth, North Riding county York, 1 mile N. of Hawes."


"GRANGE, a hamlet in the township of Low Abbotside and parish of Aysgarth, North Riding county York, 1 mile W. of Askrigg."


"HARDROW, a parochial chapelry in the parish of Aysgarth, township of High Abbotside, and wapentake of West Hang, North Riding county York, 1 mile N. of Hawes, and about 16 miles W. of Leyburn railway station. It is situated on the N. bank of the river Ure or Yore, in Wensleydale, and comprises the scattered hamlets of Cotterdale, Fossdale, Hardrow, Sedbusk, Shaw, and Simonstone. Here is a fine cascade called the Hardrow Scar Waterfall, which, in the frost of 1739-40, froze into a hollow transparent column of ice, while the water continued to run through it. The living is a perpetual curacy in the diocese of Ripon, value 109, in the patronage of Lord Wharncliffe and the Vicar of Aysgarth, alternately. There is a church and a school; the latter has an endowment of 10 10s. per annum."


"HAWES, a chapelry, township, and market town, in the parish of Aysgarth, wapentake of West Hang, North Riding county York, 17 miles W. of Middleham, and 54 N.W. of York. This township, which is very extensive, comprising upwards of 16,000 acres, chiefly pasture and meadow land, is situated on the S. side of the river Ure, or Yore, in the Vale of Wensleydale. It comprises, besides the town of Hawes, the hamlets of Appersett, Burtersett, Gayle, Mossdale, Snaizeholme, Widdale, and part of Lunds. The town contains a branch bank, and over the river is a stone bridge, built in 1839, on the site of the old ford, and replacing an ancient foot bridge of wood. The principal articles of manufacture are those of knit hosiery, caps, &c., and in the vicinity are lead mines. The living is a perpetual curacy in the diocese of Ripon, value 130, in the patronage of the Vicar of Aysgarth. The church, dedicated to St. Margaret, is a stone building, lately erected, with a tower containing one bell. The Independents, Wesleyans, Primitive Methodists, and Sandemanians have chapels, and there are grammar and National schools, the former endowed with 11 per annum. At a short distance from the town is Hardrow Scaur, or Force, a cascade falling perpendicularly from a height of 90 feet. A considerable market is held on Tuesday. Fairs are held on Whit-Tuesday and on the 28th September for the sale of cattle."


"HELBECK LUNDS, a chapelry in the parish of Aysgarth, wapentake of West Hang, North Riding county York, 7 miles N.W. of Hawes, and 12 W.N.W. of Askrigg. It is situated near the river Ure, and comprises the hamlets of Birk-Riggs, Cam-Houses, and Litherskew. The living is a curacy in the diocese of Ripon, value 76, in the patronage of the Vicar of Aysgarth. The church is ancient."


"HELME, a hamlet in the township of Low Abbotside, and parish of Aysgarth, North Riding county York, 4 miles W. of Hawes. It is situated on the river Ure, near Whitefield Fall."


"HIGH ABBOTSIDE, a township in the parish of Aysgarth, and wapentake of Hang, in the North Riding of the county of York, 2 miles N.W. of Hawes. The river Ure takes its rise here. There are several beautiful falls in its course. The township includes the hamlets of Hardraw, Cotterdale, Helbeck-Lunds, &c. The district is principally moorland."


"LITHERSKEW, a hamlet in the chapelry of Helbeck Lunds and parish of Aysgarth, North Riding county York, 7 miles N.W. of Hawes."


"LOW ABBOTSIDE, a township adjoining High Abbotside in the parish of Aysgarth, and wapentake of Hang, in the North Riding of the county of York near the picturesque waterfall called Whitefield Force. The two townships are separated by Whitefield Gill. The hamlets of Grange, Bowbridge, Helme, and Shawcote are included in this township There are almshouses for the reception, of six poor widows. Many persons were formerly employed here in stocking knitting."


"LUNDS, (or Helbeck-lunds), a chapelry in the parish of Aysgarth, wapentake of West Hang, North Riding county York, 6 miles N.W. of Hawes. It consists chiefly of grazing land. The living is a perpetual curacy, value 70, in the patronage of the Vicar of Aysgarth."


"MARSIDE, a hamlet in the township of Bainbridge, in the parish of Aysgarth, North Riding county York, 2 miles S.W. of Askrigg. It is situated in Wensleydale, near the river Bainbridge, which has its source in Raydale side."


"MOSSDALE, a hamlet in the chapelry of Hawes, and parish of Aysgarth, North Riding county York, 2 miles from Hawes, and 54 N.W. of York. It is situated in the valley of the river Ure, near Hardrow Force."


"NAPPA, a hamlet in the township of Askrigg and parish of Aysgarth, North Riding county York, 2 miles from Askrigg, and 50 N.W. of York. It is situated in Wensleydale, on the river Ure."


"NEWBIGGIN, a township in the parish of Aysgarth, wapentake of Hang West, North Riding county York, 4 miles S.E. of Askrigg, and 9 S.W. of Leyburn. The village, which is of small extent, is situated on the river Ure, and is wholly agricultural. There is a school, founded in 1748, with a small endowment."


"SEDBUSK, a hamlet in the chapelry of Hardraw and parish of Aysgarth, North Riding county York, near Hawes."


"SHAW, a hamlet in the township of High Abbotside and parish of Aysgarth, North Riding county York, 1 mile S. of Hawes, on the river Ure, near Hardrow Fall."


"SHAWCOTE, a hamlet in the township of Low Abbotside, and parish of Aysgarth, North Riding county York, 5 miles W. of Hawes, on the river Ure near Whitefield fall."


"SIMONSTONE, a hamlet in the township of High Abbotside and parish of Aysgarth, North Riding county York, 1 mile N. of Hawes."


"SNAYSHOLM, a hamlet in the parish of Aysgarth, North Riding county York, 54 miles N.W. of York, in the valley of the river Ure, near Hardrow Force."


"STALLING BUSK, a chapelry in the parish of Aysgarth, wapentake of Hang-West, North Riding county York, 4 miles S.E. of Hawes, and 15 S.W. of Middleham, its post town. It is situated on the river Ure, which here forms a cataract. The living is a perpetual curacy in the diocese of Ripon, value 86, in the patronage of the Vicar of Aysgarth."


"THORALBY, a township in the parish of Aysgarth, wapentake of West Hang, North Riding county York, 9 miles S.W. of Leyburn, and 4 S.E. of Askrigg. The village is situated on the river Ure. In the vicinity is a waterfall, designated the Silver Chain Force. There are traces of lead. The Wesleyans and Primitive Methodists have chapels. W. Purchas, Esq., is lord of the manor."


"THORESBY, a township in the parish of Aysgarth, wapentake of West Hang, North Riding county York. See Carperby-Cum-Thoresby."


"THORNTON RUST, a township in the parish of Aysgarth, wapentake of West Hang, North Riding county York, 7 miles E. of Hawes, and 10 W. of Middleham. The village is situated on the river Ure. The Baptists and Calvinistic Methodists have chapels, and there is a free school."


"WALDEN, a hamlet in the parish of Aysgarth, wapentake of West Hang, North Riding county York, 10 miles S.W. of Middleham. It is joined with Burton to form a township."


"WIDDALE, a hamlet in the chapelry of Hawes, and parish of Aysgarth, North Riding county York, 3 miles S. W. of Hawes. It is situated in the valley of the river Ure, under Widdale Fell."


"WOODHALL, a hamlet in the parish of Aysgarth, North Riding county York, 2 miles from Askrigg, in Wensleydale, near the river Ure."


"WORTON, a hamlet in the township of Bainbridge, and parish of Aysgarth, North Riding county York, 2 miles S.W. of Askrigg, in Wensley Dale, near a branch of the river Ure."

[Transcribed from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland 1868]
by Colin Hinson 2003


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