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COXWOLD:
Geographical and Historical information from the year 1835.

"COXWOLD, a parish in the wapentake of BIRDFORTH, North riding of the county of YORK, comprising the chapelry of Birdforth,- and the townships of Angram- Grange, Byland cum Membris, Coxwold, Newborough, Oulston, Thornton with Baxly, Wildon-Grange, and Yearsley, and containing 1447 inhabitants, of which number, 348 are in the township of Coxwold, 5 miles N. from Easingwold. The living is a perpetual curacy, in the archdeaconry of Cleveland, and diocese of York, and in the patronage of G. Wombwell, Esq. The church, dedicated to St. Michael, is a small ancient structure, said to have been' erected so early as 700, with an octagonal tower: the chancel was rebuilt in 1777, by the Earl of Fauconberg: there is some stained glass in the windows, and within are many handsome monuments of the Belasyse family. A free grammar school was founded, in 1603, by Sir John Harte, alderman of London, who endowed it with £36. 13. 4. per annum, charged on certain lands in this county: only a few boys are instructed in writing and arithmetic, paying a small quarterage also. An hospital for ten poor men was founded, in 1696, by Thomas, Earl of Fauconberg, the endowment of which consists of a rent-charge of £59, and is divided among ten poor persons, only two of whom reside in the hospital, which comprises a chapel, with a small chamber above, and two apartments on each side: an hospital for eight poor women was also established here, which has long since gone to decay. There is a fair on the 25th of August. Sterne wrote his Tristram Shandy and some other works at Shandy Hall, near this place, where he resided about seven years."


"ANGRAM GRANGE, a township in the parish of COXWOLD, wapentake of BIRDFORTH, North riding - of the county of YORK, 4 miles N. from Easingwold, containing 29 inhabitants."


"BIRDFORTH, a chapelry in the parish of COXWOLD, wapentake of BIRDFORTH, North riding of the county of YORK, 4 miles N.N.W. from Easingwold, containing 42 inhabitants. The living is a perpetual curacy, in the archdeaconry of Cleveland, and diocese of York, endowed with £800 royal bounty, and in the patronage of the Archbishop of York. The antiquity of this place is evinced by its having given name to the hundred."


"BYLAND CUM MEMBRIS, a township in the parish of COXWOLD, wapentalce of BIRDFORTH, North riding of the county of YORK, 7 miles W.S.W. from Helmsley, containing, with Oldstead and Wass, Situated in Kilburn parish, 372 inhabitants. In 1177, a convent of Cistercian monks was founded here, the revenue of which, at the dissolution, amounted to £2Q5. 5. 4.: it was a noble building; the westernfront, part of a fine circular window, one end of the transept, and some parts of the lateral aisles yet remain, affording a beautiful specimen of early English architecture, pn the removal of a portion of the ruins, in 1818, a stone coffin, containing, according to tradition, the re- Wains pf Roger de Mowbray, its founder, was discovered, and is still preserved at Myton. Fragments of a beautiful tesselated pavement were also found."


"NEWBOROUGH, a township in the parish of COXWOLD, wapentake of BIRDFORTH, North riding of the county of YORK, 8 miles S.W. from Helmsley, containing, with the extra-parochial district of Morton, 162 inhabitants. A priory of Black canons, in honour of St. Mary, was founded here, in 1145, by Roger de Mowbray, which, at the dissolution, had a revenue of £457. 13. 5. William de Newburgh, the celebrated monkish historian, was a member of this establishment."


"OULSTON, a township in the parish of COXWOLD, wapentake of BIRDFORTH, North riding of the county of YORK, 4 miles N.N.E. from Easingwold, containing 225 inhabitants."


"THORNTON, a township, joint with Baxly, in the parish of COXWOLD, wapentake of BIRDFORTH, North riding of the county of YORK, 3 miles N.E. from Easingwold, containing, with Baxly, 70 inhabitants."


"WILDON GRANGE, a township in the parish of COXWOLD, wapentake of BIRDFORTH, North riding of the county of YORK, 6 miles N.W. from Easingwold, containing 29 inhabitants."


"YEARSLEY, a township in the parish of COXWOLD, wapentake of BIRDFORTH, North riding of the county of YORK, 5 miles E.N.E. from Easingwold, containing 170 inhabitants."

[Transcribed by Mel Lockie © from
Lewis's Topographical Dictionary of England 1835]


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