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Geographical and Historical information from the year 1868.

"GILLING EAST, a parish in the wapentake of Ryedale, North Riding county York, 5 miles S. of Helmsley, its post town, and 18 N. of York. It is a station on the Thirsk and Malton branch of the North-Eastern line of railway. The high road between the above towns passes through the village. The parish includes the townships of Cawton, Grimston, and some smaller places. A castle was built here after the Norman Conquest, and was the seat of the earls of Richmond. The living is a rectory* in the diocese of York, value 632, in the patronage of Trinity College, Cambridge. The church, dedicated to the Holy Cross, is an ancient structure, containing monuments of the Fairfax and Wilkinson families, an effigy of a knight of the 14th century, and a brass dated 1503. The charities, including a school endowment of 14, produce about 32 per annum. Gilling Castle, an old baronial seat with modern improvements, is the residence of C. G. Fairfax, Esq., who is lord of the manor."

"CAWTON, a township in the parish of Gilling East, wapentake of Ryedale, in the North Riding of the county of York, 4 miles S. of Helmsley."

"GRIMSTONE, a township in the parish of Gilling East, wapentake of Ryedale, North Riding county York, 6 miles S. of Helmsley. The railway at Gilling is 1 mile N. of the village. There is a small charity of 1 per annum. William Gurforth, Esq., is lord of the manor."

[Transcribed from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland 1868]
by Colin Hinson 2003

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