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GREAT AYTON:
Geographical and Historical information from the year 1835.

"GREAT AYTON, a parish in the western division of the liberty of LANGBAURGH, North riding of the county of YORK, comprising the chapelry of Nunthorpe, and the townships of Great Ayton, and Little Ayton, and containing 1201 inhabitants, of which number, 1023 are in the township of Great Ayton, 3 miles E.N.E. from Stokesley. The living is a perpetual curacy, in the archdeaconry of Cleveland, and diocese of York, endowed with 600 royal bounty, and 800 parliamentary grant, and in the patronage of the Rev. W. Marwood. The church, dedicated to All Saints, is a neat unadorned edifice of considerable antiquity, and contains a handsome monument to the memory of W. Wilson, Esq., a distinguished naval commander in the service of the Hon. East India Company. There are places of worship for the Society of Friends, Independents, and Primitive and Wesleyan Methodists. At the extremity of a ridge of hills, in this parish, is a quarry of hard blue whin-stone, or granite, which is much used in making and repairing roads. There are some linenmanufactories and oil-mills in the parish. Iron-ore has been obtained at Cliffrigg-woods, but the mine is not worked at present. There were also alum-works, but these have been abandoned. A charity school, founded in 1704, by Michael Postgate, was rebuilt in 1785; it has an endowment, of about 10 per annum, for the education of eight boys belonging to the township. At this school, the celebrated navigator, Captain Cook, received a portion of his education, at the expense of Thomas Scottowe, Esq., whom his father served as manager of a farm. Adjoining the school are three almshouses."


"LITTLE AYTON, a township in the parish of GREAT AYTON, western division of the liberty of LANGBAURGH, North riding of the county of YORK, 3 miles E.N.E. from Stokesley, containing 68 inhabitants."


"NUNTHORPE, a chapelry in the parish of GREAT AYTON, western division of the liberty of LANGBAURGH, North riding of the county of YORK, 4 miles N.N.E. from Stokesley, containing 1J.O inhabitants, The living is a perpetual curacy, in the archdeaconry of Cleveland, and diocese of York, endowed with 1000 royal bounty, and in the patronage of T. Simpson and T. Masterman, Esqrs. The chapel, dedicated to St. Mary, is much dilapidated. This place, anciently called Thorpe, received its distinguishing appellation about 1162, from a Cistercian nunnery, then removed hither from Hutton."

[Transcribed by Mel Lockie from
Lewis's Topographical Dictionary of England 1835]


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