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GRINTON:
Geographical and Historical information from the year 1868.

"GRINTON, a parish and township in the wapentake of West Hang, North Riding county York, 9 miles W. of Richmond, its post town, and 16 S. of Barnard Castle. It is situated on the river Swale at its junction with the Arkle. The parish, which is of large extent, includes the hamlets of Cogden, Crackpot, Harkerside, Reeth, and Whiteaside. Copper, iron, lead, and stone are extensively worked. The moorlands afford scanty pasturage, and comprise above 36,000 acres. The living is a vicarage* in the diocese of Ripon, value 250, in the patronage of the lord chancellor. The church, dedicated to St. Andrew, is an ancient stone edifice, and its windows exhibit some beautiful specimens of ancient stained glass. In addition to the parish church, there are two district churches at Melbecks and Muker, the livings of both which are perpetual curacies,* varying in value from 120 to 150, in the patronage of the vicar. The charities produce about 13 per annum. There is also a sum of 146 yearly, the endowments of schools at Feetham and Fremington. There are traces of a British camp and burial-places. J. C. D. Charlesworth, Esq., is lord of the manor."


"ANGRAM, a hamlet in the chapelry of Muker, and parish of Grinton, in the wapentakes of West Gilling and West Hang, in the North Riding of the county of York, 2 miles to the N.W. of Muker. It is situated within 2 miles of Shunner Fell, which has an elevation of 2,350 feet. The river Swale, which takes its rise on that mountain, runs through the hamlet."


"BARF END, a hamlet in the township of Melbecks, and parish of Grinton, in the wapentake of West Gilling, in the North Riding of the county of York, not far from Reeth."


"BIRKDALE, a hamlet in the chapelry of Muker, and parish of Grinton, wapentake of Gilling, in the North Riding of the county of York, not far from Muker."


"BLAIDES, a hamlet in the township of Melbecks, and parish of Grinton, wapentake of Gilling, in the North Riding of the county of York, 4 miles to the W. of Reeth."


"CALVERT HOUSE, a hamlet in the chapelry of Muker, and parish of Grinton, in the wapentake of Gilling, North Riding of the county of York, near Muker."


"CRACKPOT, a hamlet in the parish of Grinton, in the North Riding of the county of York, 2 miles N.E. of Muker."


"FEETHAM, a hamlet in the township of Melbecks, and parish of Grinton, North Riding county York, 4 miles W. of Reeth. The hamlet is pleasantly situated in an extensive dale. There are lead-mines and stone-quarries. The church is a modern structure. There is a school, with a small endowment."


"FREMINGTON, a hamlet in the township of Reeth and parish of Grinton, North Riding county York, a short distance E. of Reeth. It is situated on the river Swale."


"FRITH, a hamlet in the chapelry of Muker and parish of Grinton, North Riding county York, a short distance from the village of Maker."


"GUNNERSIDE, a hamlet in the township of Melbecks and parish of Grinton, North Riding, county York, 2 miles E. of Muker. It is situated on the river Swale."


"HARKERSIDE, a district in the township and parish of Grinton, North Riding county York, immediately to the W. of Grinton."


"HEALAUGH, a hamlet in the township of Reeth and parish of Grinton, North Riding county York, 1 mile S.W. of Reeth. It is situated on the river Swale."


"KEARTON, a hamlet in the township of Melbecks and parish of Grinton, North Riding county York, 2 miles E. of Muker. It is situated near the river Swale."


"KELD, a hamlet in the chapelry of Muker, and parish of Grinton, North Riding county York, 56 miles N.W. of York. It is situated in the moorlands under Shunner Fell."


"LODGE GREEN, a hamlet in the township of Melbecks, and parish of Grinton, North Riding county York, 4 miles N. of Askrigg, and 14 S.W. of Richmond."


"LOW ROW, a hamlet in the township of Melbecks and parish of Grinton, North Riding county York, in the vicinity of Reeth."


"MELBECKS, a township in the parish of Grinton, wapentake of West Gilling, North Riding county York, 2 miles E. of Muker, and 14 W. by S. of Richmond, its post town. It is situated on the river Swale, and contains Gunnerside and ten other hamlets The living is a perpetual curacy* in the diocese of Ripon, value 150, in the patronage of the Vicar of Grinton. The church is a modern structure."


"MUKER, a township and chapelry in the parish of Grinton, wapentake of West Gilling, North Riding county York, 20 miles S.W. of Richmond, its post town, and 7 N.E. of Hawes. The township, which is very extensive, is situated in the moorlands, on the river Swale, and near Shunner Fell. It comprises Angram, Rampsholme, and 14 other hamlets Above 20,000 acres are unenclosed common, and the remainder meadow and pasture. Muker is very productive of lead and iron ores. There are also collieries, limestone quarries, and smelting mills, giving employment to a large number of the inhabitants. In this township the river Swale forms a cataract called Keasdon Force. The living is a perpetual curacy* in the diocese of Ripon, value 120, in the patronage of the Vicar of Grinton. The church, dedicated to St. Mary, is an ancient stone structure, built in 1580, with a small tower containing two bells. The interior of the church contains monuments to the Knowles and Calvert families. There is a free National school, with an income from endowment of about 25 per annum. The Independents, Wesleyans, and Primitive Methodists, have each a place of worship. Thomas Smith, Esq., is lord of the manor."


"OXNOP, a hamlet in the chapelry of Muker and parish of Grinton, North Riding county York, 2 miles S.E. of Muker. It is situated in the moorlands under Skunner Fell, and near the river Swale."


"POTING WITH WINSERINGS, a hamlet in the township of Melbecks, and parish of Grinton, North Riding county York, 2 miles E. of Muker. It is situated on the river Etherow."


"RAMPSHOLME, a hamlet in the chapelry of Muker, and parish of Grinton, North Riding county York, 1 mile N.E. of Muker. It is situated on the moorlands under Shunner Fell, and near the river Swale."


"RASH, a hamlet in the chapelry of Muker, and parish of Grinton, North Riding county York, 2 miles from Muker, and 58 N.W. of York. It is situated on the moorlands, under Shunner Fell."


"RAVENSEAT, a hamlet in the chapelry of Muker, and parish of Grinton, North Riding county York, 4 miles N.W. of Muker. It is situated in the Moorlands near Shunner Fell."


"REETH, a township and market town in the parish of Grinton, wapentake of West Gilling, North Riding county York, 10 miles W. of Richmond, its post town, and 8 N.W. of Leyburn. The town is situated on an eminence near the confluence of the rivers Swale and Arkle. The township comprises the villages of Fremington and Healaugh. The neighbouring lead mines, which are in extensive operation, are the means of employing a large number of the inhabitants; some few are also engaged in frame-work knitting. The Independents, Wesleyans, and Primitive Methodists have each a place of worship. There is an endowed free school, founded in 1643 by Alderman Hutchinson, also a school belonging to the Society of Friends, and at Fremington a National school. The board of guardians meet at the union poorhouse every alternate Friday. Market day is Friday. Fairs for cattle are held on the first Friday in May, 3rd November, the Friday prior to Masham lamb fair, and the Friday preceding the first Monday in March; also fairs for pleasure, &c., on the Fridays before Palm Sunday, Old May Day, 6th July, 5th September, 23rd November, and 21st December."


"SATRON, a hamlet in the chapelry of Muker, and parish of Grinton, North Riding county York, 2 miles from Muker, and 57 N.W. of York. It is situated among the moorlands, near the river Swale and Shunner Fell."


"SHUNNER FELL, a mountain in the parish of Grinton, North Riding county York, 4 miles W. of Muker. It attains an elevation of 2,350 feet above sea-level, and gives rise to the river Swale."


"SMARBER, a hamlet in the township of Melbecks, and parish of Grinton, North Riding county York, 2 miles E. of Muker, on the river Swale."


"SPRING END, a hamlet in the chapelry of Muker and parish of Grinton, North Riding county York, 2 miles from Muker, and 56 N.W. of York. It is situated in the moorlands, under Shunner Fell."


"STONESDALE, a hamlet in the chapelry of Muker, and parish of Grinton, North Riding county York, 55 miles N.W. of York, in the moorlands near Shunner Fell."


"TAN HILL, a hamlet in the chapelry of Muker and parish of Grinton, North Riding county York. It is situated in the moorlands, under Shunner Fell, and near the river Swale."


"THORNS, a hamlet in the chapelry of Muker, and parish of Grinton, North Riding county York, near the river Swale, in the moorlands, under Shunner Fell."


"THWAITE, a hamlet in the chapelry of Muker and parish of Grinton, North Riding county York, 1 mile N.W. of Muker, and 56 miles from York, in the moorland under Shunner Fell, and near the river Swale."


"WHITEASIDE, a district in the parish of Grinton, North Riding county York, 2 miles S.W. of Reeth, and 8 S.W. of Richmond."


"WINSERINGS, a hamlet in the parish of Grinton, North Riding county York, 3 miles E. of Muker, near the river Swale."


"WINTERING GARTHS, a hamlet in the township of Melbecks, and parish of Grinton, North Riding county York, 3 miles E. of Muker, near the river Swale."

[Transcribed from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland 1868]
by Colin Hinson 2003


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