"MIDDLEHAM, a parish and small market-town, having no dependent township, in the same wapentake and riding as Leyburn, is about three miles from that village and six from Bedale, situated on a gentle acclivity, rising from the river Ure. The town is built in the form of a square, the space in the centre being occupied by the market-house, and the houses are tolerably well constructed. The church is a large spacious structure, and was intended to have been made collegiate by the Duke of Gloucester, brother to Edward IV. Some coarse woollens are manufactured here, but not to any great extent. The ruins of Middleham castle evince it to have been a strong and magnificent edifice, and form a very striking feature in the surrounding romantic scenery. The market, which has much declined of late years, is held on Monday; and the fairs are Easter Monday, Whit. Monday and November 5th, for sheep and horned cattle. The number of inhabitants, in the parish, in 1821, amounted to 880."