"PICKERING, a parish in the North Riding of Yorkshire, 13 m. from Scarborough, 170 cm. 226 mm. from London, is a pretty large T. bel. to the Duchy of Lancaster, on a hill among the wild mountains of Blakemore, having the forest of Pickering on the N. and Pickering- Common on the S. It is said to have been built 270 years before Christ by Peridurus, a K. of the Britons, who was buried here, It had once a castle (the ruins whereof are still to be seen) to whose jurisdiction many of the neighbouring villages were subject; and the adjacent territory, commonly called Pickering-Lath, or the liberty or forest of Pickering, was given by Hen. III. to his son, Edmund E. of Lancaster. A court is kept here for all actions under 40 l. arising within the honor of Pickering. Here is a plentiful Mt. for corn, &c. on M. and a Fair for 3 days at Holy-Cross-Tide."
[Transcribed by Mel Lockie © from
Stephen Whatley's England's Gazetteer, 1750]