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Parish

In 1822, the following places were in


the Parish of Wensley:


"BOLTON HALL, (the seat of the Hon. Thomas Orde Powlett) in the township of Preston and parish of Wensley; 1 mile W. of Wensley, 5 miles from Leyburn.

This mansion of the noble family of the Powletts, was built by the Marquis of Winchelsea [sic*], first Duke of Bolton, in 1678. -Grose. It stands in nearly the centre of Wensleydale.
*Sandy Snider has pointed out that this should be Winchester."


"CASTLE BANK, a farm house in the township of Bolton, and parish of Wensley; 4 miles WNW. of Wensley, 5 miles from Leyburn."


"CASTLE BOLTON, in the parish of Wensley, wapentake of Hang West. and liberty of Richmondshire; 4 miles WNW. of Wensley, 5 miles WNW. of Leyburn. The church is a perpetual curacy, dedicated to St. Oswald, of which the Rev. Jacob Costobadie, rector of Wensley, is incumbent. Patron, the Rector of Wensley. Pop. 278." (There is further information for Castle Bolton).


"EAST BOLTON, 2 farm houses in the township of Castle Bolton and parish of Wensley; 5 miles WNW. of Wensley, 5 miles from Leyburn."


"ELM HOUSE, (the seat of Thomas Other, Esq.) in the township of Redmire, and parish of Wensley; 4 miles from Leyburn."


"GAYLE BANK, (or Gale Bank) a farm house in the township and parish of Wensley; 3 miles from Leyburn and Middleham."


"LEYBURN, in the parish of Wensley, wapentake of Hang West, and liberty of Richmondshire; 1 miles ENE. of Wensley, 3 miles from Middleham, 8 from Richmond, and 8 from Reeth. The town consists chiefly of one spacious oblong square of well built houses, where the market is held every Friday, and where a considerable quantity of corn is weekly exposed for sale. Fairs, second Fridays in February, May, October and, December, for horned cattle, sheep, &c. Bankers, Wensleydale-Bank, Messrs Hutton, Other, & Simpson, draw on Messrs Sir Peter Pole, Thornton, & Co. 1, Bartholomew-Lane. Principal Inns, Bolton's Arms, and King's Arms.

The places of worship are a Methodist, a Calvinist, and Catholic chapel; there is here a public school, supported by voluntary subscription; and a Circulating and Subscription Library. The soil is generally very fertile, being chiefly meadow and grazing land, and the mineral productions are lead, coal and lime. The town is pleasantly situated, and the neighbourhood presents a variety of beautifully picturesque scenery. The remarkable walk called Leyburn Shawl, which passes along the edge of one continued ridge of rocks to the village of Preston, is indisputably one of the finest natural terraces in Great Britain, and there are many views here of singular beauty. The neighbourhood abounds with objects of interest, amongst which may be enumerated the ruined castles of Bolton and Middleham, the remains of Jervaulx and Coverham abbeys, the celebrated waterfall and cataracts of Aysgarth, and the noble mansion and pleasure grounds of Bolton Hall, most of which may be visited in the course of a day. This place is generally taken on the route to the Lakes of Westmoreland and Cumberland, by travellers from the east and south east parts of the kingdom. Population, 810."


"PRESTON UNDER SCAR, in the parish of Wensley, wapentake of Hang West, and liberty of Richmondshire; 1 miles NW. of Wensley, 3 miles W. of Leyburn. There as no place of worship here, except a small Methodist chapel. This village is admired for its romantic situation; it stands at the Western extremity of that delightful walk called Leyburn Shawl, whose craggy sides are beautifully ornamented with foliage. Pop. 378."


"REDMIRE, in the parish of Wensley, wapentake of Hang West, and liberty of Richmondshire; 3 miles WNW. of Wensley, 4 miles W. of Leyburn. Here is a Chapel of Ease, dedicated to St. Mary, the living is a perpetual curacy, in the gift of the rector of Wensley: here is also a free school, with a small endowment, bequeathed by the Rev. Thomas Baynes, formerly curate of this place. A Methodist chapel was erected here some years ago. There is in this place an excellent sulphur spring, and an open well for bathing, the water of which possesses valuable medicinal virtue in cases of rheumatism, scurvy and weakness of sight. The lead mines here are nearly exhausted, but calamine is produced in great plenty, and coals in abundance. Population, 399."


"SCARTH NICK, in the parish of Wensley, wapentake of Hang West, and Richmondshire; 3 miles from Leyburn. An eminence, north of Wensleydale, over which the road from Richmond to Lancaster passes."


"SWINITHWAITE, in the parish of Wensley, wapentake of Hang West, and liberty of Richmondshire; (the seat of William John Anderson, Esq.); 5 miles WSW. of Leyburn. A small village pleasantly situated in Wensleydale."


"WEST BOLTON, a farm house in the township of Castle Bolton and parish of Wensley; 5 miles from Leyburn."

[Description(s) edited mainly from various 19th century sources by Colin Hinson. 2010]


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