"ABERFORD, a parish in the wapentake of Lower Skyrack, in the West Riding of York, 5 miles S.W. of Tadcaster, and 16 miles S. W. of York. Milford Junction is the nearest post town. The town, which consists mainly of one long street, stands on the slope of a limestone rock, near the small river Cock, and not far from the York and North Midland railway. A handsome stone bridge crosses the river here. The parish includes the townships of Parlington and Thornton. There are many villas and gentlemen's residences in the environs of the town, which are very pleasant and agreeable. Formerly it was a market town, and in Camden's time, it is said that a pin factory existed here. Coal is obtained in the parish, and there are some quarries of limestone. The church is an ancient one, and is dedicated to St. Richard. The living is a vicarage* in the diocese of York, value £305, and is in the patronage of the Master and Fellows of Oriel College, Oxford. The vestiges of a Norman fortress may be seen about a mile north of the town. Near this fortress, which is called Castle Cary, the battle of Towton was fought in the year 1461. Fairs are held on the last Monday of April and May, on the first Monday of October, and the first Mondays after the 18th October and the 1st of November. They are principally for the sale of cattle and sheep."
"PARLINGTON, a township in the parish of Aberford, lower division of the wapentake of Skyrack, West Riding county York, 5 miles S.W. of Tadcaster, and 6 S. of Wetherby. The township includes part of the town of Aberford. The principal residence is Parlington Hall, an ancient mansion situated in a wooded park."
"STURTON GRANGE, a township in the parish of Aberford, lower division of Skyrack wapentake, West Riding county York, 3 miles S. of Aberford, 7 E. of Leeds, and 1 mile from the Garforth and Micklefield stations on the Leeds and Selby railway. Many of the inhabitants are engaged in the lime quarries and coal pits. F. 0. T. Gascoyne, Esq., is lord of the manor and principal landowner."