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The Ancient Parish of ABERFORD

[Transcribed information mainly from the early 1820s]

"ABERFORD, a market and parish-town, in the parishes of Aberford and Sherburn in Elmet, wapentakes of Skyrack, (lower division) and Barkston Ash, liberties of Pontefract and St. Peter; 6 miles from Tadcaster, 8 from Wetherby, 9 from Ferrybridge, 11 from Leeds and Pontefract, 14 from Selby, 16 from York, 186 from London. Market, Wednesday. Fairs, last Mondays in April and May, first Monday in October, first Monday after St. Luke, first Monday after All Saints, for horses, horned cattle, sheep, &c.; if either of the two last St. days fall on a Monday, the Fair will be held on that day. Principal Inn, the Swan. Pop. Lotherton with Aberford, 427 Aberford, 579, Total, 1,006. The Church is a rectory, dedicated to St. Richard (see Churches for photograph), in the deanry of the Ainsty, value, ~£6. 1s. 8d. Patron Oriel College, Oxford. Aberford is thus singularly situated with respect to the townships, viz. the west side of the town, from the river Cock, (south-end) is Aberford cum Parlington; the east-side of the same end, is Lotherton cum Aberford; and all north of the river is Aberford alone." (There is further information for Aberford).

"BECKA LODGE, (the seat of William Markham, Esq.) in the township and parish of Aberford, lower-division of Skyrack, liberty of Pontefract; 1 mile from Aberford, 6 miles from Wetherby, 8 from Leeds."

"BLACK HORSE, a farm-house in the township and parish of Aberford. See Aberford."

"PARLINGTON, a township, in the parish of Aberford, lower division of Skyrack, liberty of Pontefract; (the seat of Richard Oliver Gascoigne, Esq.) 1 mile SW. of Aberford. Pop. 226.

This has long been a seat of a branch of the ancient family of Gascoignes of Gawthorpe, the Baronetage of which became extinct, on the death of the late Sir Thomas Gascoigne, when Richard Oliver, Esq. of Parlington, succeeded him in his estates, and in compliance with his will, assumed the name Gascoigne. A pedigree of the Gascoignes is given in Thoresby's Leodiensis."

"STURTON GRANGE, a township, in the parish of Aberford, lower-division of Skyrack; 3 miles S. of Aberford, 8 from Leeds, 11 from Tadcaster. Pop. 92."

[Description(s) edited from various 19th century sources by Colin Hinson © 2013]


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