[Transcribed information mainly from the early 1820s]
"PENISTONE, a market and parish-town, in the wapentake of Staincross, liberty of Pontefract; 5 miles from Barnsley, 12¾ from Huddersfield, 13¾ from Sheffield, 14 from Wakefield, 15 from Rotherham, 26 from Stockport, (Chesh.) 45 from York, 176 from London. Market, Thursday. Fairs, last Thursday in February; last Thursday in March; first Thursday in May; and Thursday after old Michaelmas day, for horses and horned cattle. Principal Inn, Rose and Crown. Pop. 645. The Church is a vicarage, dedicated to St. John the Baptist (see Churches for photograph), in the deanry of Doncaster, value, ~£16. 14s. 2d. p.r. £146. 18s. 4d. Patron, the Right Hon. Major General Godfrey Bosville.
This is a small market-town, little superior to a village, as the population will evince. It is chiefly noted for the number of moor sheep sold at its markets and fairs.
Here is a Free Grammar School, endowed with £100. per annum, and also the interest of £200. for the education of eight poor girls."
Information on the following places in this Parish is contained on a supplementary page.