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The Ancient Parish of ROTHERHAM

[Transcribed information mainly from the early 1820s]

"ROTHERHAM, a market and parish-town, in the upper-division of Strafforth and Tickhill; 6 miles from Sheffield, 11 from Tickhill, 12 from Doncaster and Barnsley, 15 from Penistone, 16 from Worksop, (Notts.) 49 from York, 160 from London. Market, Monday. Fairs, Whit Monday; December 1, for horses, horned cattle, sheep, &c. and Fortnight Fairs on Monday, for horned cattle, &c. Bankers, Messrs. Walkers, Eyer, and Stanley, draw on Messrs. Everett, Walker, and Co. 9, Mansion House Street. Principal inns, Crown, and Red Lion. Pop. 3,548. The Church is a vicarage, dedicated to St. Ann, in the deanry of Doncaster, value, ~16. 8s. 6d. Patron, Lord Howard.

Rotherham is situated near the conflux of the rivers Rother and Don; the latter of which being navigable to Sheffield, and communicating with canals and rivers, opens a water communication with all the principal towns in the county; as well as Lincolnshire and Lancashire. The town is far fron elegant; the streets are narrow, and irregular; and the houses have, in general, a dull and dingy appearance. However, a considerable trade is here carried on in coals, an in other articles, by means of the river Don.

This place is rendered famous by the birth of Thomas Scott, Archbishop of York, usually called Thomas of Rotherham, who founded in this place Jesus College, for a provost, five priests, six choristers, and three schoolmasters, which was valued at the dissolution, at the yearly rent of 58. 5s. 9d. He died of the plague at Cawood, in 1500. --Drake.

Here is a Free Grammar School, founded in 1584, by Laurence Woodnett, and Anthony Collins, Esqrs. formerly of London. The School is open to the boys of the town indefinitely free of expense, for classics only. This School has a claim in its turn to the fellowship and two scholarships at Emanuel College, Cambridge, founded by Mr. Frieston, in case the same are not occupied from the Free School at Normanton. There is a fellowship also at Lincoln College, Oxford. To this School there is a crown payment of 10. 15s. 4d. per annum, to the master. The master's salary, including house rent, &c. 30. a year; besides which, he has a gratuity from the Feoffees or Trustees. The present master is the Rev. Benjamin Birkitt. For an account of the Iron Works, see Marsbrough."

Information on the following places in this Parish is contained on a supplementary page.

  • Barbot Hall
  • Basingthorpe
  • Blackburn Moor
  • Bradgate
  • Brinsworth
  • Broom House
  • Broom Riddings
  • Carhouse
  • Catcliffe
  • Clifton
  • Clough
  • Dalton Magna
  • Dalton Parva
  • Eastwood House
  • Ferham
  • Ginhouse
  • Greasbrough
  • Guilthwaite
  • Hill Top
  • Holmes
  • Howorth Hall
  • Ickles
  • Kimberworth
  • Lapwater
  • Masbrough
  • Moor Gate
  • Morthen
  • Nether Haugh
  • Orgrave
  • Park Gate
  • Roads Moor House
  • Scholes
  • Temple Brough
  • Thorpe Hesley
  • Thundercliffe Grange
  • Tinsley
  • White Hall
  • Windfield
  • Wood Foot

[Description(s) edited from various 19th century sources by Colin Hinson 2007]

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