[Transcribed information mainly from the early 1820s]
"ROTHWELL, a parish-town, in Agbrigg-division of Agbrigg and Morley, liberty of Pontefract; 4½ miles SW. of Leeds, 5½ from Wakefield, 28 from York. Pop. including Rothwell Haigh, and Roydes Green, 2,155. The Church is a vicarage, dedicated to the Holy Trinity, in the deanry of Pontefract, value, ~£19. 12s. 11d. Patron, Charles John Brandling, Esq.
"This place," says Whitaker's Loidis and Elmete, "appears to have been named when first planted by the Saxons, from a rapid and copious Well near the Church." It was distinguished among the numerous Manors of the Lacies, dependent on the Castle of Pontefract, by having a Castlet or Manor House near the Church, of which a mass of strong grout work yet remains.
The Church of Rothwell was appropriated to the Priory of Nostel, to which it was given, according to Burton, by Robert de Lacy. Here is a Charity School, founded by the late John Bromley, gentlemen, of Wakefield, in 1722."
Information on the following places in this Parish is contained on a supplementary page.
- New Hall
- Rothwell Haigh
- Roydes Green
- Thorpe On The Hill
- Thwaite Mills
[Description(s) edited from various 19th century sources by Colin Hinson © 2013]