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Help and advice for SNAITH: Geographical and Historical information from the year 1868.

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SNAITH: Geographical and Historical information from the year 1868.

"SNAITH, a parish, post and market town in the lower division of Osgoldcross wapentake, West Riding county York, 7 miles S.W. of Goole, and 19 S.E. of York. It is a station on the Wakefield and Goole branch of the Lancashire and Yorkshire railway, and is situated on the river Aire, near the Goole and Knottingley canal. The parish, which is of large extent, containing near 35,000 acres, comprises the townships of Armin, Carleton, Goole, Hook, Rawcliffe, Balne, Cowick, Gowdall, Heck, Hensall, and Pollington. The town, situated on a gentle declivity on the S. bank of the river, is small and irregularly built. It is a polling-place for the county elections, and has recently been much improved by the erection of some substantial houses. A portion of the inhabitants are employed in the cultivation of flax and potatoes for the Leeds market. Petty sessions are held on the last Thursday of every month. There is a large steam mill for grinding corn. At the W. end of the town is an ancient hall, formerly the seat of the Yarburgh family. The living is a vicarage* in the diocese of York, value £479. The church, dedicated to St. Lawrence, is an ancient stone structure with a low square tower surmounted with pinnacles and containing six bells. The interior contains a monument by Chantrey to the second Viscount Downe, a marble bust to an ancestor of Lord Beaumont, and relics of ancient armour and banners. In addition to the parish church are the following district churches, viz: at Armin, Carlton, Cowick, Goole, Hensall-cum-Heck, Hook, Pollington-cum-Balne, and Rawcliffe, the livings of which are all perpetual curacies,* varying in value from £168 to £74. The parochial charities produce about £291, besides almshouses for 6 poor widows. There is a free grammar school founded in 1623 by Nicholas Waller, but the endowment is now applied in aid of the National school. The Wesleyans have a place of worship. There are traces of a Benedictine priory founded here in the 11th century as a cell to the Abbey of Selby, the site of which was given at the Dissolution to John Earl of Warwick. Viscount Downe is lord of the manor. Market day is on Thursday. Cattle fairs are held on the last Thursday in April, and on 10th August."


"ARMIN, a chapelry in the parish of Snaith, in the wapentake of Osgoldcross, West Riding of the county of York, 6 miles to the N.E. of Snaith. It is situated on the banks of the river Aire, near its junction with the Ouse. The living is a perpetual curacy* in the diocese of York, value £74, in the patronage of the Earl of Beverley, and N. E. Yarburgh, Esq. The chapel is dedicated to St. David, and had formerly a chantry."


"BALNE, a township in the parish of Snaith, wapentake of Osgoldcross, in the West Riding of the county of York, 5 miles to the S.W. of Snaith."


"CARLTON, a chapelry in the parish of Snaith, wapentake of Osgoldcross, Lower division of the wapentake of Barkstone-Ash, in the West Riding of the county of York, 2 miles to the N. of Snaith. It is situated in a fertile country near the river Aire. The living is a perpetual curacy* in the diocese of York, value £168, in the patronage of Messrs. Day and Cave. The church is dedicated to St. Mary. There are charitable endowments for the poor producing £25 per annum. Carleton Hall is the seat of Lady Throckmorton."


"COWICK, a district parish in the parish of Snaith, lower division of the wapentake of Osgoldcross, in the West Riding of the county of York, 2 miles from Snaith. It is situated on the river Don, and contains the hamlets of Newbridge and Greenland, with the townships of East and West Cowick. The living is a perpetual curacy in the diocese of York, value £160, in the patronage of Viscount Downe, who built the church, and who resides at Cowick Hall, which is a handsome and commodious mansion. The charities amount to £21 per annum."


"GOOLE, in the parish of Snaith, it is a township, seaport, and market town, in the lower division of the wapentake of Osgoldcross, West Riding county York, 4 miles S. of Howden, 25 S.W. of Hull, and 187 from London. The Lancashire and Yorkshire railway has a branch from Knottingley to this place. It is situated on the river Ouse, at its confluence with the Don. The town in its present aspect is of modern growth, being formerly but an inconsiderable village. It contains 6,267 inhabitants. The streets are well paved and lighted with gas. The town contains a handsome court-house, in which the petty sessions are held, a literary and mechanics' institute, two banks, and one for savings, also extensive iron foundries, yards for ship-building, rope-walks, sugar refineries, and alum works. The river Don is crossed by a bridge. It is the head of a Poor-law Union, comprising eighteen parishes, of which two are within the county of Lincoln, and the head of new County Court and registration districts. The harbour is commodious, and the docks of great extent. The facility of inland navigation by canal, as well as railway, causes a constant influx of merchandise for re- shipment either to foreign ports or other parts of the kingdom. The average number of vessels entering the port annually, engaged in the coasting and foreign trade, is 1,800, with a tonnage of about 140,000. The number of steam and sailing vessels registered as belonging to the port of Goole, is nearly 600. The goods shipped consist chiefly of woollen manufactures, corn, potatoes, machinery, and coal. The living is an incumbency in the diocese of York, value £150, in the patronage of the archbishop. The church is a very handsome structure, with lofty tower and spire. It is dedicated to St. John the Evangelist. There is a school situated in what is known by the name of Old Goole. The building is a new erection, the old one having fallen into decay. It is of a very tasteful character, and is used for church services every Sunday afternoon. To this school 12 free scholars are admitted on the nomination of the Right Hon. T. Sotheron Estcourt, M.P., who is the sole trustee, and pays the endowment for this purpose. The Independents, Wesleyans, Primitive and Reformed Methodists, have places of worship. There is a free school, partly endowed, also a National school, and one belonging to the Wesleyans. Wednesday is the market day."


"GOWDALL, a township in the parish of Snaith, lower division of the wapentake of Osgoldcross, West Riding county York, 1 mile W. of Snaith. It is situated on the river Aire."


"GREENLAND, a hamlet in the township of Cowick and parish of Snaith, West Riding county York, 2 miles S.E. of Snaith. The Goole canal passes through here."


"HECK, (or Hick), a township in the parish of Snaith, lower division of the wapentake of Osgoldcross, West Riding county York, 4 miles W. of Snaith. It is a station on the Doncaster and Goole line of railway. It is situated on the Goole canal, and contains the hamlets of Great and Little Heck. The Wesleyans have a place of worship here."


"HENSALL, a township in the parish of Snaith, lower division of the wapentake of Osgoldcross, West Riding county York, 3 miles N.W. of Snaith. It is a station on the Doncaster and Goole railway. The village is situated on the river Aire. The living is a perpetual curacy* in the diocese of York, value £120. The church, dedicated to St. Paul, was erected at the expense of Viscount Downe."


"HOOK, a chapelry and township in the parish of Snaith, lower division of the wapentake of Osgoldcross, West Riding county York, 2 miles S. of Howden, its post town, and 1½ mile N.E. of Goole. It is situated on the bank of the river Ouse, which is here of considerable breadth. At Hook Moor there is a meet for the Bramham Moor hounds. The parish includes a small portion of the town of New Goole. The soil, originally poor, has been much improved by cultivation. The living is a perpetual curacy in the diocese of York, value £150. The church is dedicated to St. John the Baptist. The charities consist of feoffee lands producing £67 per annum. There is a place of worship for the Wesleyans, and a church school."


"NEWBRIDGE, a hamlet in the township of Cowick, and parish of Snaith, West Riding county York, near Snaith. It is situated on the river Don."


"POLLINGTON, a township in the parish of Snaith, lower division of the wapentake of Osgoldcross, West Riding county York, 2½ miles S.W. of Snaith, its post town. It is situated on the Goole canal, and gives title of baron and viscount to the Earl of Mexborough, of Methley, who is lord of the manor. The living is a perpetual curacy* in the diocese of York, value £120. The church is modern. There is a place of worship for Independents."


"RAWCLIFFE, a township and chapelry in the parish of Snaith, lower division of the wapentake of Osgoldcross, West Riding county York, 3 miles E. of Snaith, 5 W. of Goole, and 11 S.E. of Selby, its post town. It is a station on the Wakefield, Pontefract, Doncaster, and Goole line of railway. It is bounded on the N. by the river Aire, and is chiefly agricultural. The village, which is large, is built round a spacious green, and the inhabitants are chiefly employed in the manufacture of cloth for sacking. The living is a perpetual curacy* in the diocese of York, value £126. The church, dedicated to St. James, was erected in 1842 at an expense of £2,000. The parochial charities produce about £47 per annum, of which £30 goes to the free school, and £7 to an almshouse for four poor widows. The Wesleyans and Primitive Methodists have each a place of worship. Mrs. Creyke is lady of the manor."

[Transcribed from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland 1868]
by Colin Hinson ©2013