AGHA, or AUGHA, a parish, in the barony of IDRONE-EAST, county of CARLOW, and province of LEINSTER, comprising part of the market-town and post-town of Leighlin-bridge, and containing 1739 inhabitants.
This parish is situated on the east side of the river Barrow, which is navigable to Waterford, and on the road from Carlow to Kilkenny. An abbey, called Achad-finglass, was founded here at a very early period by St. Fintan, and in 864, in which year it was plundered by the Danes, had risen into some note; its site is now unknown. The parish contains 4028 statute acres, as applotted under the tithe act, and is wholly under cultivation; the system of agriculture is improving.
Limestone for burning is procured within its limits.
The principal seats are Rathwade, the residence of B.B.
Newton, Esq., and Steuart Lodge, of W. R. Steuart, Esq. Fairs for the sale of live stock are held on Easter- Monday, May 14th, Sept. 23rd, and Dec. 27th 5 and there are two at Orchard on Whit-Tuesday and Oct. 2nd.
It is a vicarage, in the diocese of Leighlin, and forms part of the union of Dunleckney; the rectory is impropriate in A. Weldon, Esq. The tithes amount to £415. 7. 8¼, of which £276. 18. 5½. is payable to the impropriator, and £138. 9. 2¾. to the vicar. The church is in ruins. In the R. C. divisions it is partly in the union or district of Dunleckney, and partly in that of Old Leighlin: the chapel, situated at Newtown, is a handsome edifice lately erected. There are two schools for boys and girls; one situated at Leighlin-bridge, and the other, a large and handsome edifice lately built, near the R. C. chapel; they afford instruction to 120 boys and 230 girls. There is also a private pay school, in which are about 20 children 3 and a dispensary.
from Lewis's Topographical Dictionary of Ireland, 1837.